The Testimony of the Lord Jesus Christ

The Revelation of The Lord God Jesus Christ

The Book of St. John the Apostle and Evangelist of the Revelation Given Him by the Risen Lord Jesus Christ.

THE APOCALYPSE OF ST. JOHN THE APOSTLE AND EVANGELIST
{WHO IS THE LAST PROPHET OF THE BIBLE UNTIL SAINT ENOCH AND SAINT ELIJAH RETURN AT THE CONSUMMATION OF DAYS}

The Apocalypse is a revelation of things that were, are and will be. We are actually witnessing some of the events foretold in this book, but many still lie in the future. It is Christ who commands John to write to the seven churches, opens the seven seals, reveals the sufferings of the saints, opens the little book, overcomes the beast, reigns during the period of the first resurrection, judges the dead, both great and small, according to their works at His Second Coming, rules over all things from the beginning, presides over all the changing scenes of earth’s history, and is the King of kings and Lord of lords.

The book presents Christ as the Coming One; it reveals the dealings of Him who came, and who is to come. It opens with the solemn hope that the Coming One will come soon, and closes with the impressive prediction that the Coming One will come quickly.

The book is one of hope, but also one of warning; its aim is to assure the Church of the advent of her Lord in victory. The precise time of this victory lies hidden with God, but it is certain, although the crown will not be won without a struggle. Heaven will be stormed and carried away through suffering and conflict. And all who keep the words of this book will take part in the conflict and share in the victory.The conflict is presented under the form of symbols. It is not easy to give a full interpretation of all the types, but the general symbols are not difficult to understand. Jerusalem stands as the type of the good cause, and this is the Church of Christ. Babylon appears as the type of the evil cause, and this is the world power. The heavenly Jerusalem has the assistance of divine power. The earthly Babylon has the help of evil powers, the dragon, the beast and the false prophet. The scenes in the great conflict arrange themselves around these types of good and of evil. The numbers, the seals, the trumpets and the bowls are phases in the development and consummation of the conflict.

John has arranged the scenes in a sevenfold structure; even in the subordinate visions he keeps to this arrangement. Commentators, however, are not agreed in marking off the limits of each structure.

The book was written in Greek by St. John the Evangelist, on the island of Patmos, about the year. 96 A.D.

Note on parallel passages and commentary. The parallel passages are based on the full concordance thereof relating to, from the Council of Trent; the commentary is late 1940’s Catholic from the full consensus of the Church Fathers on the seven within seven structure of the book.

Also note that the book at the same time “opens from the middle” so to speak. Just like a megilloth (Hebrew for scroll). The first eleven chapters (1 – 11) which culminate in the general judgement – Rev. 11:18 – 19
And the nations were angry: and thy wrath is come. And the time of the dead, that they should be judged and that thou shouldest render reward to thy servants the prophets and the saints, and to them that fear thy name, little and great: and shouldest destroy them who have corrupted the earth.
And the temple of God was opened in heaven: and the ark of his testament was seen in his temple. And there were lightnings and voices and an earthquake and great hail. (DRV)
And the second eleven chapters (12 – 22) which culminate in the general judgement (Rev. 20:11 – 14) and the New Heaven and New Earth (Rev. 21, 22)

Both the first and second eleven chapters begin from the time of Christ’s Incarnation but include the fact that He is Immortal and the Creator of Heaven and Earth. See: Rev. 1:4 – 6 John to the seven churches which are in Asia. Grace be unto you and peace, from him that is and that was and that is to come: and from the seven spirits which are before his throne:
And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the first begotten of the dead and the prince of the kings of the earth, who hath loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood (when He became Incarnate by the Holy Spirit and the blessed virgin Mary and went to the Cross for our salvation)
And hath made us a kingdom, and priests to God and his Father. To him be glory and empire for ever and ever. Amen.(DRV)

And see: Rev. 12:1, 2, 5
And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. And being with child, she cried travailing in birth: and was in pain to be delivered.
And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with an iron rod (Christ’s Incarnation). And her son was taken up to God and to his throne (Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension). (DRV)

And see: Rev.:21:6:
6 And he said to me: It is done. I am Alpha and Omega: the Beginning and the End. To him that thirsteth, I will give of the fountain of the water of life, freely. (DRV)

These two phrases that is and that was and that is to come (Greek “‘o oon kai ‘o en kai ‘o erchoumenos”) and I am Alpha and Omega (Greek: “egoo eimi to Alpha kai to Omega”) are emphatic declarations of Christ’s Divinity and Immortality for it is the Thrice Holy Trinity – Rv:4:8 And the four living creatures had each of them six wings: and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come. (Greek “‘agious ‘agious ‘agious kurios ‘o theos ‘o pantocrator”) – alone Who possesses Aseity (self existence and Who is therefore alone uncreated) and Who is Immortal of the same Essence/Substance – Nature.
In the above: the “who [that] is”, in Greek “‘o oon”, is the declaration of Aseity. The “who [that] was” and the “who [that] is to come” with the “‘o oon”, self existence, is the declaration of Immortality (having no beginning and no end – always existing). The phrase I am Alpha and Omega has exactly the same meaning. “I am” – “egoo eimi” is the equivalent of Yahweh (God’s proper name) in Hebrew meaning “I am” in the same sense as the above “‘o oon”. Alpha and Omega has the same meaning as Immortality in the above. Pantocrator (translated as Almighty) is the declaration of the Thrice Holy Lord God’s All ruling absolute Sovereignty and includes emphatically the meaning that He is alone uncreated and Creator, ex nihilo, of all of creation. This relates directly to the beginning of the Gospel of St. John and the beginning of the first book of the Torah (the Pentateuch) which is Genesis. See: Genesis 1:1 through 2:4 and St. John’s Gospel 1:1 through vs. 18. All of this and the exact seventy human generations recounted in St. Luke’s Gospel 3:1 – 38 from Adam to Christ (see also the parallel in St. Matthew’s Gospel 1:1 – 25 from Abraham to Christ) and the testimony of the Church Fathers does not allow any pagan evolutionary gods nor even sophist pantheistic idolatrous creationism but only creation by the Creator as He said He did it, and only Redemption in God and His Christ (the Messiah, al-Maseeh) as He said that it is; the false gods or pagan idolatrous religions that willfully reject God and Jesus Christ (those who do not willfully reject Him but seek God in their hearts are judged by God alone) are without grace and they and their followers will be damned forever, who do not repent in this life from those false gods and religions and come to God and His Christ and make confession in Him and be baptized by God’s Spirit {believers in monotheistic Islam who confess the Holy Trinity and Jesus Christ as the Son of God and all men of good will who worship only this God (in the full consensus of the Church Fathers) are included as true believers in the true God and therefore saved by their confession of belief in and fulfilling the will of God, Allah (SWT)}. Allah is from biblical Hebrew ‘Eloah’ and means the true God, All middle Eastern Christians, including Catholics, who are Arabic speakers call on Allah as the name of the true God. Amen.

Note on parallel passage notation – the ! after a scriptural reference means that is the emphasis or central point for explanation of the passage.

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Prologue

The Book – Its source and Contents

(Note: the Scripture reference to parallel passages is given before each chapter by verse number and repeated with the verses it applies to in the text.)

1 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:19; 4:1; 22:6; Dan. 2:29!
2 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:9; 6:9; 20:4
3 … Scripture reference – Rev. 22:7!; Lk. 11:28!; Rev. 3:11!; 22:10; James 5:8!
4 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:11; 1:8; 4:8; 11:7: 4:5!
5 … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:14; Ps. 88:38; Acts 26:23!; Heb. 9:14!; 1Jn. 1:7!
6 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:10!; Ex. 19:6!; Is. 66:21; 1Pt. 2:9; Mich. 4:7!; 1Pt. 4:11!
7 … Scripture reference – Zach. 12:10; Mt. 24:30!; Jn. 19:37
8 … Scripture reference – Rev. 21:6; 22:13!; 1:4; 4:8; 11:17
9 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:2; 6:9; 20:4
10 … Scripture reference – Rev. 4:2; 4:1
11 … Scripture reference – Hab. 2:2; IV Esr. 12:37; Rev. 1:4
12 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:20
13 … Scripture reference – Rev. 15:6; Dan. 10:5!
14 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:18; Dan. 7:9; Rev. 19:12; Dan. 10:6
15 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:18; Ezek. 1:7!; Rev.:14:2!; Ezek. 43:2!
16 … Scripture reference – IV Esr. 10:25; Rev. 1:20; 2:1; 3:1; 2:12; 19:15; 10:1; Mt. 17:2!
17 … Scripture reference – IV Esr. 10:25; Rev. 2:8; Mt. 17:6,7; Rev. 22:13!; Is. 41:4!
18 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:8; 10:6
19 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:1
20 … Scripture reference – Rev. 12:16; 2:1; 3:1

Rv:1:
1 ¶ The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to make known to his servants the things which must shortly come to pass [A]: and signified, sending by his angel to his servant John, … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:19; 4:1; 22:6; Dan. 2:29!
2 Who hath given testimony to the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ, what things soever he hath seen. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:9; 6:9; 20:4
3 ¶ Blessed is he that readeth and heareth the words of this prophecy: and keepeth those things which are written in it. For the time is at hand. … Scripture reference – Rev. 22:7!; Lk. 11:28!; Rev. 3:11!; 22:10; James 5:8!
4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia [1]. Grace be unto you and peace, from him that is and that was and that is to come: and from the seven spirits which are before his throne: … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:11; 1:8; 4:8; 11:7: 4:5!
5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the first begotten of the dead and the prince of the kings of the earth, who hath loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:14; Ps. 88:38; Acts 26:23!; Heb. 9:14!; 1Jn. 1:7!
6 And hath made us a kingdom, and priests to God and his Father. To him be glory and empire for ever and ever. Amen. … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:10!; Ex. 19:6!; Is. 66:21; 1Pt. 2:9; Mich. 4:7!; 1Pt. 4:11!

Christ’s Coming

7 Behold, he cometh with the clouds, and every eye shall see him: and they also that pierced him. And all the tribes of the earth shall bewail themselves because of him. Even so. Amen. … Scripture reference – Zach. 12:10; Mt. 24:30!; Jn. 19:37
8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, saith the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty. … Scripture reference – Rev. 21:6; 22:13!; 1:4; 4:8; 11:17

I: THE SEVEN LETTERS

1. Preparatory Vision

John Told to Write His Visions

9 ¶ I, John, your brother and your partner in tribulation and in the kingdom and patience in Christ Jesus, was in the island which is called Patmos, for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:2; 6:9; 20:4
10 I was in the spirit on the Lord’s day and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, … Scripture reference – Rev. 4:2; 4:1
11 Saying: What thou seest, write in a book and send to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamus and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea. … Scripture reference – Hab. 2:2; IV Esr. 12:37; Rev. 1:4

Vision of the Son of Man

12 And I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks: … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:20
13 And in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks, one like to the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the feet, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. … Scripture reference – Rev. 15:6; Dan. 10:5!
14 And his head and his hairs were white as white wool and as snow. And his eyes were as a flame of fire: … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:18; Dan. 7:9; Rev. 19:12; Dan. 10:6
15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as in a burning furnace. And his voice as the sound of many waters. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:18; Ezek. 1:7!; Rev.:14:2!; Ezek. 43:2!
16 And he had in his right hand seven stars. And from his mouth came out a sharp two-edged sword. And his face was as the sun shineth in his power. … Scripture reference – IV Esr. 10:25; Rev. 1:20; 2:1; 3:1; 2:12; 19:15; 10:1; Mt. 17:2!
17 And when I had seen him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying: Fear not. I am the First and the Last, … Scripture reference – IV Esr. 10:25; Rev. 2:8; Mt. 17:6,7; Rev. 22:13!; Is. 41:4!
18 And alive, and was dead. And behold I am living for ever and ever and have the keys of death and of hell. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:8; 10:6
19 Write therefore the things which thou hast seen: and which are: and which must be done hereafter. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:1
20 The mystery of the seven stars, which thou sawest in my right hand and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches. And the seven candlesticks are the seven churches. … Scripture reference – Rev. 12:16; 2:1; 3:1
(DRV)

[A] The meaning in the Greek is those things which must happen quickly when they do happen.

[1] -Ver. 4. Asia: the RomanProvince of Asia, the western part of what is now known as Asia Minor. The seven spirits: the Holy Spirit, whose seven gifts are diffused among all the churches; or the phrase may refer to seven angels.
[2] -Ver. 5. Washed: some Greek Manuscripts have “loosed”.
[3] -Ver. 8. The Alpha and the Omega: the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. God is the first beginning and the last end. The Latin translator added the meaning of Alpha and Omega.
[4] -Ver. 10. The Lord’s day: Sunday, the first day of the week.
[5] -Ver. 12. The sense is: “To see what voice it was that spoke to me.”
[6] -Ver. 15. The image is that of brass glowing in the refiner’s furnace.

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2. The Letters

To the Church at Ephesus

1 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:16, 20; 3:1
2 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:19
3 … Scripture reference –
4 … Scripture reference – 1Tim 5:12
5 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:16; 3:3
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22; 13:9; Mt. 13:9!; Rev. 22:14; Gn. 3:22; IV Esr. 8:52
8 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:17, 18!
9 … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:9
10 … Scripture reference – 1Pt. 3:14!; Jm. 1:12!
11 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7
12 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:16; 19:15
13 … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:8; 14:12
14 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:20; 2Pt. 2:15; Jude 11
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:5; 3:3
17 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7!; 19:12
18 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:14, 15!; 19:12
19 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:2
20 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:14; 1Tim. 2:12!
21 … Scripture reference – Job 24:23!; Rev. 9:20!, 21; 16:11
22 … Scripture reference –
23 … Scripture reference – Ps. 7:10!; Jer. 17:10!; Rev. 20:12; 22:12; Ps. 61:13!; Mt. 16:27!
24 … Scripture reference –
25 … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:11!
26 … Scripture reference – Dan. 7:14!; Ps. 2:8, 9!
27 … Scripture reference – Rev. 12:5; 19:15
28 … Scripture reference –
29 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7!

Rv:2:
1 ¶ Unto the angel [1] of the church of Ephesus write: These things saith he who holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks: … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:16, 20; 3:1
2 I know thy works and thy labour and thy patience and how thou canst not bear them that are evil. And thou hast tried them who say they are apostles and are not: and hast found them liars: … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:19
3 And thou hast patience and hast endured for my name and hast not fainted.
4 But I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first charity. … Scripture reference – 1Tim 5:12
5 Be mindful therefore from whence thou art fallen: and do penance and do the first works. Or else I come to thee and will move thy candlestick out of its place, except thou do penance. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:16; 3:3
6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaites, which I also hate.
7 He that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches: To him that overcometh I will give to eat of the tree of life which is in the paradise of my God. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22; 13:9; Mt. 13:9!; Rev. 22:14; Gn. 3:22; IV Esr. 8:52

To the Church at Smyrna

8 ¶ And to the angel of the church of Smyrna write: These things saith the First and the Last, who was dead and is alive: … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:17, 18!
9 I know thy tribulation and thy poverty: but thou art rich. And thou art blasphemed by them that say they are Jews and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan. [2] … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:9
10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer. Behold, the devil will cast some of you into prison, that you may be tried: and you shall have tribulation ten days. [3] Be thou faithful unto death: and I will give thee the crown of life. … Scripture reference – 1Pt. 3:14!; Jm. 1:12!
11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches: He that shall overcome shall not be hurt by the second death. [4] … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7

To the Church at Pergamum

12 ¶ And to the angel of the church of Pergamus write: These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword: … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:16; 19:15
13 I know where thou dwellest, where the seat of Satan is. And thou holdest fast my name and hast not denied my faith. Even in those days when Antipas was my faithful witness, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:8; 14:12
14 But I have against thee a few things: because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat and to commit fornication. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:20; 2Pt. 2:15; Jude 11
15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaites.
16 In like manner do penance. If not, I will come to thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:5; 3:3
17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches: To him that overcometh I will give the hidden manna and will give him a white counter: and in the counter, a new name written, which no man knoweth but he that receiveth it. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7!; 19:12

To the Church at Thyatira

18 ¶ And to the angel of the church of Thyatira write: These things saith the Son of God, [5] who hath his eyes like to a flame of fire and his feet like to fine brass. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:14, 15!; 19:12
19 I know thy works and thy faith and thy charity and thy ministry and thy patience and thy last works, which are more than the former. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:2
20 But I have against thee a few things: because thou sufferest the woman Jezabel, who calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants, to commit fornication and to eat of things sacrificed to idols. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:14; 1Tim. 2:12!
21 And I gave her a time that she might do penance: and she will not repent of her fornication. … Scripture reference – Job 24:23!; Rev. 9:20!, 21; 16:11
22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed [6]: and they that commit adultery with her shall be in very great tribulation, except they do penance from their deeds,
23 And I will kill her children with death: and all the churches shall know that I am he that searcheth the reins and hearts. And I will give to every one of you according to your works. But to you I say … Scripture reference – Ps. 7:10!; Jer. 17:10!; Rev. 20:12; 22:12; Ps. 61:13!; Mt. 16:27!
24 And to the rest who are at Thyatira: Whosoever have not this doctrine and who have not known the depths of Satan, [7] as they say: I will not put upon you any other burthen.
25 Yet that which you have, hold fast till I come. … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:11!
26 And he that shall overcome and keep my words unto the end, I will give him power over the nations. … Scripture reference – Dan. 7:14!; Ps. 2:8, 9!
27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and as the vessel of a potter they shall be broken: … Scripture reference – Rev. 12:5; 19:15
28 As I also have received of my Father. And I will give him the morning star. [8]
29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7!
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. Angel: the guardian angel of the church, or the church itself; or, and this is the common view, the bishop of the church. If St. John addresses the bishops, he regards them as the incarnation of their respective churches.
[2] -Ver. 9. The Jews of Smyrna are called the, synagogue of Satan because of their in¬terference with the Christian Church, the true synagogue.
[3] -Ver. 10. Ten days: the period of trial would be limited and would be short.
[4] -Ver: 11. Second death: a death which is other than the death of the body, i.e., the final condemnation of sinners.
[5] -Ver. 18. Son of God: the only place in the Apocalypse where this phrase is used.
[6] -Ver. 22. Cast her upon a bed: I will inflict upon her a fatal illness.
[7] -Ver. 24. Depths of Satan: these teachers call their science the deep secrets of God, but Christ calls it the deep secrets of Satan, i.e., of pride and impiety.
[8] -Ver. 28. The morning star: the glory with which the saints will shine in eternity.

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1 … Scripture reference – Rev. 4:5!; 5:6; 1:16, 20; 2:1; Tim. 5:6
2 … Scripture reference –
3 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:5, 16; 2Pt. 3:9, 10; Rev. 16,15; 1Th. 5:2
4 … Scripture reference – Jude 23
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.3:18; 4.4!; 6:11!; Ps. 68:29; Mt. 10:32!; Lk. 12:28
6 … Scripture reference –Rev. 2:7!
7 … Scripture reference – Rev. 6:10; Isaiah: 22:22!
8 … Scripture reference – Rev. 4:1: 1Cor. 16:9; 2Cor.2:12; Rev. 2:13!
9 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:9; Isaiah: 60:14!
10 … Scripture reference – 2Pt. 2:9
11 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:3!; 2:25; 22:7!
12 … Scripture reference – Rev. 14:1; 22:4; 21:2,10
13 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2.7
14 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:5; Col.1:15
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference –
18 … Scripture reference – 1 Pt. 1:7; Rev. 3:5!; 16:15
19 … Scripture reference – Prv. 3:12: Heb.12:6
20 … Scripture reference – Lk. 22:30!; Mt. 24:33; Mk. 13,29; James 5,9
21 … Scripture reference – Lk. 22:30!
22 … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7!

Rv:3:

To the Church at Sardis

1 ¶ And to the angel of the church of Sardis write: These things saith he that hath the seven spirits of God and the seven stars: I know thy works, and that thou hast the name of being alive. And thou art dead. … Scripture reference – Rev. 4:5!; 5:6; 1:16, 20; 2:1; Tim. 5:6
2 Be watchful and strengthen the things that remain, which are ready to die. For I find not thy works full before my God.
3 Have in mind therefore in what manner thou hast received and heard: and observe and do penance: If then thou shalt not watch, I will come to thee as a thief: and thou shalt not know at what hour I will come to thee. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:5, 16; 2Pt. 3:9, 10; Rev. 16,15; 1Th. 5:2
4 But thou hast a few names in Sardis which have not defiled their garments: and they shall walk with me in white, because they are worthy. … Scripture reference – Jude 23
5 He that shall overcome shall thus be clothed in white garments: and I will not blot out his name out [1] of the book of life. And I will confess his name before my Father and before his angels. … Scripture reference – Rev.3:18; 4.4!; 6:11!; Ps. 68:29; Mt. 10:32!; Lk. 12:28
6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. … Scripture reference –Rev. 2:7!

To the Church at Philadelphia

7 ¶ And to the angel of the church of Philadelphia write: These things saith the Holy One and the true one, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth and no man shutteth, [2] shutteth and no man openeth: … Scripture reference – Rev. 6:10; Isaiah: 22:22!
8 I know thy works. Behold, I have given before thee a door opened, which no man can shut: because thou hast a little strength and hast kept my word and hast not denied my name. … Scripture reference – Rev. 4:1: 1Cor. 16:9; 2Cor.2:12; Rev. 2:13!
9 Behold, I will bring of the synagogue of Satan, who say they are Jews and are not, but do lie. Behold, I will make them to come and adore before thy feet. And they shall know that I have loved thee. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:9; Isaiah: 60:14!
10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, [3] I will also keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon the whole world to try them that dwell upon the earth. … Scripture reference – 2Pt. 2:9
11 Behold, I come quickly: hold fast that which thou hast, that no man take thy crown. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:3!; 2:25; 22:7!
12 He that shall overcome, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God: and he shall go out no more. And I will write upon him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God, and my new name. … Scripture reference – Rev. 14:1; 22:4; 21:2,10
13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2.7

To the Church at Laodicea

14 ¶ And to the angel of the church of Laodicea write: These things saith the Amen, [4] the faithful and true witness, who is the beginning of the creation of God: … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:5; Col.1:15
15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot. I would thou wert cold or hot.
16 But because thou art lukewarm and neither cold nor hot, I will begin to vomit thee out of my mouth.
17 Because thou sayest: I am rich and made wealthy and have need of nothing: and knowest not that thou art wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked.
18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold, fire tried, that thou mayest be made rich and mayest be clothed in white garments: and that the shame of thy nakedness may not appear. And anoint thy eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see. … Scripture reference – 1 Pt. 1:7; Rev. 3:5!; 16:15
19 Such as I love, I rebuke and chastise. Be zealous therefore and do penance. … Scripture reference – Prv. 3:12: Heb.12:6
20 Behold, I stand at the gate and knock. If any man shall hear my voice and open to me the door, I will come in to him and will sup with him: and he with me. … Scripture reference – Lk. 22:30!; Mt. 24:33; Mk. 13,29; James 5,9
21 To him that shall overcome, I will give to sit with me in my throne: as I also have overcome and am set down with my Father in his throne. … Scripture reference – Lk. 22:30!

22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. … Scripture reference – Rev. 2:7!
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 5. I will not blot. . . out: this figure of speech a book and the blotting out is ancient; cf. Ex. 32, 32. Confess his name: an echo of Christ’s words on earth. Cf. Matt. 10, 32.
[2] -Ver. 7. Who opens and no one shuts: an affirmation of the divinity of Christ. Cf. Job
12, 14, where this power is attributed to God alone., ¬
[3] -Ver. 10. My patience: the patience that I manifested.
[4] -Ver. 14. Amen: a Hebrew word, used here as a personal name.

444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444

1 … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:8!; 1:10; 1:1!
2 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:10; Dan. 7:9!
3 … Scripture reference –
4 … Scripture reference – Rev. 11:16; 3:5!; 7:9!; 19:14
5 … Scripture reference – Rev. 8:5!;1:4; 3:1; 5:6; 8:2
6 … Scripture reference – Ezek. 1:18
7 … Scripture reference – Ezek. 10:14!
8 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 6:2; Rev. 16:5; Isaiah: 6:3; Rev. 1:4, 8; 11:17
9 … Scripture reference – Dan. 4:31
10 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:14; 7:11; 11:16; 19:4
11 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:12; 7:12!; 19:1; Eph. 3:9!; Heb. 3:4

II: THE SEVEN SEALS
l. Preparatory Vision

The Court of Heaven

Rv:4:
1 ¶ After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice [l] which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter. … Scripture reference – Rev. 3:8!; 1:10; 1:1
2 And immediately I was in the spirit. [2] And behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:10; Dan. 7:9!
3 And he that sat was to the sight like the jasper and the sardius [3] stone. And there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients [4] sitting, clothed in white garments. And on their heads were crowns of gold. … Scripture reference – Rev. 11:16; 3:5!; 7:9!; 19:14
5 And from the throne proceeded lightnings and voices and thunders. And there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. … Scripture reference – Rev. 8:5!;1:4; 3:1; 5:6; 8:2
6 And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal: and in the midst of the throne, [5] and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind. … Scripture reference – Ezek. 1:18
7 And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying. … Scripture reference – Ezek. 10:14!
8 ¶ And the four living creatures had each of them six wings: and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 6:2; Rev. 16:5; Isaiah: 6:3; Rev. 1:4, 8; 11:17
9 And when those living creatures gave glory and honour and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever: … Scripture reference – Dan. 4:31
10 The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne and adored him that liveth for ever and ever and cast their crowns before the throne, saying: … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:14; 7:11; 11:16; 19:4
11 Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory and honour and power. Because thou hast created all things: and for thy will they were and have been created. … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:12; 7:12!; 19:1; Eph. 3:9!; Heb. 3:4
(DRV)

[l] -Ver. 1. The former voice: the voice heard in the opening vision, I.e., in Apoc. 1, 10.
[2] -Ver. 2. In the spirit: the soul was absorbed in heavenly things, I.e., he saw with clear sight the revealed vision from Christ in Heaven.
[3] -Ver. 3. What stones are meant: Jasper is described as emerald green, but in Apoc. 21, 11 (343) it is qualified as “clear as crystal.” Sardius is ruby red. They were in the Jewish High Priest’s chestplate.
[4] -Ver. 4. Twenty four elders: these elders represent the holy ones of the Old and New Testaments.
[5] -Ver. 6. In the midst of: one creature on each of the four sides. Four living creatures: representative of animated nature. Four beings hold a primacy in the world, among animals, man; among birds, the eagle; among cattle, the bull; and among wild animals, the lion. But the covenantal meaning is given in St. Irenaeus: The Man is the Gospel of St. Matthew and is equivalent to the covenant of God with Moses in which time Christ was born. The Eagle is the Gospel of St. Mark, the Gospel of the Holy Spirit and is equivalent to the everlasting Gospel of the New Testament although of course the other three are included by St. Irenaeus and all of the Church Fathers as THE four everlasting Gospels of the New Testament. As St. Irenaeus said it is not possible that there are more or fewer than the four Gospels. The Bull is the Gospel of St. Luke and is equivalent to the covenant of God with Noah and represents therefore the Sacrifice of Christ on His Cross for the salvation of those who believe in Him. The Lion is the Gospel of St. John and is equivalent to the covenant of God with Adam, which is the promise of the Saviour to come and redeem Adam and all of the saints and raise all men to judgement. This first covenant is fulfilled during the time of the covenant of Moses by the coming of Christ by His Sacrifice on His Cross as represented by the Bull of the covenant of Noah (who sacrificed to God upon his safe delivery from the flood) and the preaching of all four Gospels, as the Gospel of Christ by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, is represented by the Eagle typifying the Gospel of St. Mark; for in St. Mark’s Gospel he begins and ends with the Holy Spirit (see: Mark 1and Mark 16 directly below)

Mk:1:
1 ¶ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
8 I (St. John the Baptist) have baptized you with water: but He (Jesus Christ) shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit.
9 ¶ And it came to pass, in those days, Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in Jordan.
10 And forthwith coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens open and the Spirit as a dove descending and remaining on him.
11 And there came a voice from heaven: Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
12 And immediately the Spirit drove him out into the desert.

Mk:16:
6 … Be not affrighted. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen: he is not here. Behold the place where they laid him.
15 And He (Jesus Christ) said to them: Go ye into the whole world and preach the gospel to every creature.
16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall he condemned.
19 ¶ And the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sitteth on the right hand of God.
20 But they going forth preached every where: the Lord working withal, and confirming the word with signs that followed. (by the power of the Holy Spirit who is given to those who believe in Jesus Christ, although as St. Paul and St. Peter point out with different gifts to each but always the Holy Spirit from the Father through the Son Jesus Christ. See: Rom:8:16; Gal:3:5; 1Cor:12:1 – 12; 1Pt. 1:2 and 2Pt. 1:1 – 8 [in 2Pt. 1:3 “the divine power” is “theias dunameoos” in Greek – the Holy Spirit proceeding from God the Father only through the Mediatorship of the Son Jesus Christ]).

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1 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:7; Ezek. 2:9
2 … Scripture reference – Rev. 10:1; 5:9
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:13
4 … Scripture reference –
5 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:2!
6 … Scripture reference – Rev. 7:17; 5:12; 13:8; 3:1; 4:5!
7 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:1
8 … Scripture reference – Rev. 8:3
9 … Scripture reference – Rev. 14:3; Ps. 97:1!; Rev. 5:2!; 14:4;7:9
10 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:6!; 20:6!
11 … Scripture reference –
12 … Scripture reference – Rev. 19:1!; 5:6; 13:8; 4:11; 7:12
13 … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:3; Phil.: 2:10; Rev. 7:10!; 1Pt. 4:11!
14 … Scripture reference – Rev. 19:4; 4:10!

The Scroll and the Lamb

Rv:5:
1 ¶ And I saw, in the right hand of him that sat on the throne, a book, [1] written within and without, sealed with seven seals. … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:7; Ezek. 2:9
2 And I saw a strong angel, proclaiming with a loud voice: Who is worthy to open the book and to loose the seals thereof? … Scripture reference – Rev. 10:1; 5:9
3 And no man was able, neither in heaven nor on earth nor under the earth, to open the book, nor to look on it. [2] … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:13
4 And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open the book, nor to see it.
5 And one of the ancients said to me: Weep not: behold the lion of the tribe of Juda, the root of David, [3] hath prevailed to open the book and to loose the seven seals thereof. … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:2!
6 ¶ And I saw: and behold in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures and in the midst of the ancients, a Lamb standing, as it were slain, having seven horns and seven eyes: which are the seven Spirits of God, sent forth into all the earth. … Scripture reference – Rev. 7:17; 5:12; 13:8; 3:1; 4:5!
7 And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat on the throne. … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:1
8 And when he had opened the book [4] , the four living creatures and the four and twenty ancients fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps and golden vials full of odours [fragrances pleasing to God almighty], which are the prayers of saints. … Scripture reference – Rev. 8:3

The Three Songs of Praise

9 And they sung a new canticle, saying: Thou art worthy, O Lord, to take the book and to open the seals thereof: because thou wast slain and hast redeemed us to God, in thy blood, out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation: … Scripture reference – Rev. 14:3; Ps. 97:1!; Rev. 5:2!; 14:4;7:9
10 And hast made us to our God a kingdom and priests, and we shall reign on the earth. … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:6!; 20:6!
11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the living creatures and the ancients (and the number of them was thousands of thousands),
12 Saying with a loud voice: The Lamb that was slain is worthy to receive power and divinity [5] and wisdom and strength and honour and glory and benediction. … Scripture reference – Rev. 19:1!; 5:6; 13:8; 4:11; 7:12
13 And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard all saying: To him that sitteth on the throne and to the Lamb, benediction and honour and glory and power, for ever and ever. … Scripture reference – Rev. 5:3; Phil.: 2:10; Rev. 7:10!; 1Pt. 4:11!
14 And the four living creatures said: Amen. And the four and twenty ancients fell down on their faces and adored him that liveth for ever and ever. … Scripture reference – Rev. 19:4; 4:10!
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. Scroll (Heb.: megilloth): the ancient form of the book was a volume or a roll, and this particular roll was written on the inside and on the outside meaning that the message was inviolable and will take place.
[2] –Ver. 3. Look thereon: to examine it and see what it contained.
[3] -Ver. 5. Root of David: the lion is also the symbol of the royal house of David. Christ comes of the seed of David and the prophets described Him as the branch that would spring from the ancient stock. Cf. Isa. 11:1.
[4] -Ver. 8. The Greek text reads, “when he
had taken the scroll.”
[5] -Ver. 12. Divinity: the Greek text reads “wealth.” But it means the wealth of the riches in Christ that St. Paul tells us is the eternal life promised us by Jesus Christ Himself and only in Him. See Eph. 3:8, the word in Greek is the same: ploutos, plouton. It is the adoption unto life eternal that the saints alone have.

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1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 3:5; 6:7, 9, 12, 8:1
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:11; Zach. 6:3!
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:1!
4 … Scripture reference – Zach.: 6:2![from there go to Zach.1:8]
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.:6:1!; Zach. 6:2
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:1!
8 … Scripture reference – Zach.: 6:3!
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.:6:1!; 1:2, 9; 20:4
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.:3:7; 19;:2!
11 … Scripture reference – Rev.:3:5!; IV Esr. 2:39;
12 … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:29!; Mk. 13:24, 25: Rev.: 6:1!; 16:18; Isaiah: 34:4!; Rev.: 16:20
13 … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:29!; Mk. 13:24, 25
14 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 34:4!; Rev.: 16:20
15 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 2:19; Rev.: 19:18
16 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 2:19; Hosea 10:8; Lk. 23:30
17 … Scripture reference – Joel 2:11

2. The Breaking of the First Six Seals

War

Rv:6:
1 ¶ And I saw that the Lamb had opened [1] one of the seven seals: and I heard one of the four living creatures, as it were the voice of thunder, saying: Come and see. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 3:5; 6:7, 9, 12, 8:1
2 And I saw: and behold a white horse, [2] and he that sat on him had a bow, and there was a crown given him, and he went forth conquering that he might conquer. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:11; Zach. 6:3!

Strife

3 ¶ And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying: Come and see. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:1!
4 And there went out another horse that was red. [3] And to him that sat thereon, it was given that he should take peace from the earth: and that they should kill one another. And a great sword was given to him. … Scripture reference – Zach.: 6:2![from there go to Zach.1:8]

Death

5 And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying: Come and see. And behold a black horse. [4] And he that sat on him had a pair of scales in his hand. … Scripture reference – Rev.:6:1!; Zach. 6:2
6 And I heard, as it were a voice in the midst of the four living creatures, saying: Two pounds of wheat for a penny, [5] and thrice two pounds of barley for a penny: and see thou hurt not the wine and the oil.

Hell

7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying: Come and see. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:1!
8 And behold a pale horse: [6] and he that sat upon him, his name was Death. And hell followed him. And power was given to him over the four parts of the earth, to kill with sword, with famine and with death and with the beasts of the earth. … Scripture reference – Zach.: 6:3!

The Martyrs

9 ¶ And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God and for the testimony which they held. [7] … Scripture reference – Rev.:6:1!; 1:2, 9; 20:4
10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying: How long, O Lord (Holy and True), dost thou not judge and revenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? … Scripture reference – Rev.:3:7; 19;:2!
11 And white robes were given to every one of them one; And it was said to them that they should rest for a little time till their fellow servants and their brethren, who are to be slain even as they, should be filled up. … Scripture reference – Rev.:3:5!; IV Esr. 2:39;

Signs on Earth and in Heaven

12 And I saw, when he had opened the sixth seal: and behold there was a great earthquake. And the sun became black as sackcloth of hair: and the whole moon became as blood. … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:29!; Mk. 13:24, 25: Rev.: 6:1!; 16:18; Isaiah: 34:4!; Rev.: 16:20
13 And the stars from heaven fell upon the earth, as the fig tree casteth its green figs when it is shaken by a great wind. … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:29!; Mk. 13:24, 25
14 And the heaven departed as a book folded up. And every mountain, and the islands, were moved out of their places. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 34:4!; Rev.: 16:20
15 And the kings of the earth and the princes and tribunes and the rich and the strong and every bondman and every freeman hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of mountains: … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 2:19; Rev.: 19:18
16 And they say to the mountains and the rocks: Fall upon us and hide us from the face of him that sitteth upon the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb. [8] … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 2:19; Hosea 10:8; Lk. 23:30
17 For the great day of their wrath is come. And who shall be able to stand? … Scripture reference – Joel 2:11
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. The Greek text reads, “when the Lamb had opened.”
[2] -Ver. 2. White horse: this is the horseman of war, for it is Christ Himself Who sends even those (like Titus in 70 A.D against apostate Jerusalem) who don’t acknowledge that it is Him, Christ, Who sends them for vengeance. With the bow, symbolizes the judgement of God upon the apostates, and most emphatically Christ and the victory of His word over the apostates; Cf. Apoc. 19, 11-13 (341).
[3] -Ver. 4. Red one: this horse symbolizes the strife of the infidels against Christ and His faithful (Infidels: especially Judaizing apostate Communist Zionists with all their henchmen including the Nazis) thinking they will overcome Christ and His followers thereby. They will not!!!
[4] -Ver. 5. Black horse: symbolizing death. Ultimately the eternal death of the infidels.
[5] -Ver. 6. A measure of wheat for a denarius: a famine price. For instance “fifty dollars for a five-cent loaf of bread” would indicate, the prices signified. Do not harm the wine and the oil: these are not, like bread necessary for life. In short famine which is visited by the infidels upon Christians to the utter destruction of the infidels, even in this life, by Jesus Christ Himself. One example, of very many, is the great famine caused by the Jew, Joseph Stalin dictator of Communist Russia in the 1930’s, to destroy the Christians in Russia then by death by famine, which only destroyed him and his followers ultimately. There still are Communist Zionists in Russia and Red China who control the governments there, manipulated by the Zionists in false modern “Israel” (2006 A.D.), and actively seek the overthrow of Christ with their Antichrist activities. These all will also utterly fail.
[6] -Ver. 8. A pale green horse: Note in the text “with sword, with famine and with death and with the beasts of the earth” describes siege warfare of the Antichrist against Christians who will not bow the knee to satan. These are the gates of hell, which will not prevail over the Church. See: Mt:16:18:
And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Those who confess Christ and will not bow the knee to baal, that is to satan, to satan’s antichrist, will be preserved by Christ unto life eternal in Christ.
[7] -Ver. 9 – 11 The Martyrdom of the Christians who will not worship the Antichrist
[8] -Ver. 12 – 17 The vengeance of the Lamb, upon those who persecute His followers; His followers who are martyrs rather than succumb to the Antichrist. See: 2Thes:1:7, 8:
And to you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with the angels of his power:
In a flame of fire, giving vengeance to them who know not God and who obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. (DRV)
777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:4
2 … Scripture reference –
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:4; Ezek. 9:4; IV Esr. 6:5
4 … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 2:38
5 … Scripture reference –
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference –
8 … Scripture reference –
9 … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 2:42; Rev.: 5:9; 7:13; 4:4
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:13; 19:1!; 19:4; 21:5; Ps. 46:9
11 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:10
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:11; 5:12; III Esr. 4:59
13 … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 2:44; Rev.: 7:9!
14 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 37:3; Rev.: 22:14; Gn.: 49:11
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:3!; Jn.: 1:14
16 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 49:10!
17 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 49:10!; Rev.: 5:6; Ps.: 22:2; Rev.: 21:4; Isaiah: 25:8

Sealing of the Spiritual Israel

Rv:7:
1 ¶ After these things, I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that they should not blow upon the earth nor upon the sea nor on any tree. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:4
2 And I saw another angel ascending from the rising of the sun, having the sign of the living God. And he cried with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
3 Saying: Hurt not the earth nor the sea nor the trees, till we sign the servants of our God in their foreheads. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:4; Ezek. 9:4; IV Esr. 6:5
4 And I heard the number of them that were signed. An hundred forty-four thousand [1] were signed, of every tribe of the children of Israel. … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 2:38
5 Of the tribe of Juda, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Ruben, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Gad, twelve thousand signed:
6 Of the tribe of Aser, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Nephthali, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Manasses, twelve thousand signed:
7 Of the tribe of Simeon, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Levi, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Issachar, twelve thousand signed:
8 Of the tribe of Zabulon, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Joseph, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand signed.

Blessedness of the Sealed

9 After this, I saw a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations and tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and in sight of the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands. … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 2:42; Rev.: 5:9; 7:13; 4:4
10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying: Salvation to our God, who sitteth upon the throne and to the Lamb. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:13; 19:1!; 19:4; 21:5; Ps. 46:9
11 And all the angels stood round about the throne and the ancients and the four living creatures. And they fell down before the throne upon their faces and adored God, … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:10
12 Saying: Amen. Benediction and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving, honour and power and strength, to our God, for ever and ever. Amen. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:11; 5:12; III Esr. 4:59

The Seventh Seal

13 ¶ And one of the ancients answered and said to me: These that are clothed in white robes, who are they? And whence came they? … Scripture reference … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 2:44; Rev.: 7:9!
14 And I said to him: My Lord, thou knowest. And he said to me: These are they who are come out of great tribulation and have washed their robes and have made them white in the blood of the Lamb. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 37:3; Rev.: 22:14; Gn.: 49:11
15 Therefore, they are before the throne of God: and they serve him day and night in his temple. And he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell over them. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:3!; Jn.: 1:14
16 They shall no more hunger nor thirst: neither shall the sun fall on them, nor any heat … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 49:10!
17 For the Lamb, which is in the midst of the throne, shall rule them and shall lead them to the fountains of the waters of life: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 49:10!; Rev.: 5:6; Ps.: 22:2; Rev.: 21:4; Isaiah: 25:8
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 4. A hundred and forty-four thousand, a symbolical number which signifies a great multitude, I.e., all the foreknown, and therefore given the grace, in their confession of Christ, to life eternal. In the enumeration of the twelve tribes Ephraim is replaced by Joseph, and Dan is not mentioned at all, for .the “Antichrist is to-come out of Dan” according to the Church Fathers.

888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:1!
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:5!
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.:5:8
4 … Scripture reference – Ps.: 140:2
5 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 10:2; 4:5; 11:19: 16:18!
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:8, 10, 12; 9:1, 13; 11:15
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!
9 … Scripture reference –
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!; 9:1; Isaiah: 14:12
11 … Scripture reference –
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!
13 … Scripture reference –

Rv:8:
1 ¶ And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence [1] in heaven, as it were for half an hour. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:1!

III: THE SEVEN TRUMPETS

1. The Preparatory Vision

2 And I saw seven angels standing in the presence of God: and there were given to them seven trumpets. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:5!
3 And another angel came and stood before the altar, having a golden censer: and there was given to him much incense, that he should offer of the prayers of all saints, upon the golden altar which is before the throne of God. … Scripture reference – Rev.:5:8
4 And the smoke of the incense of the prayers of the saints ascended up before God from the hand of the angel. … Scripture reference – Ps.: 140:2
5 And the angel took the censer and filled it with the fire of the altar and cast it on the earth: and there were thunders and voices and lightnings and a great earthquake. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 10:2; 4:5; 11:19: 16:18!
6 And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound the trumpet.

2. The First Six Trumpets

The First Four Trumpets

7 ¶ And the first angel sounded the trumpet: [2] and there followed hail and fire, mingled with blood: and it was cast on the earth. And the third part of the earth was burnt up: and the third part of the trees was burnt up: and all green grass was burnt up. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:8, 10, 12; 9:1, 13; 11:15
8 And the second angel sounded the trumpet: and, as it were, a great mountain, burning with fire, was cast into the sea. And the third part of the sea became blood. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!
9 And the third part of those creatures died which had life in the sea: and the third part of the ships was destroyed.
10 And the third angel sounded the trumpet: and a great star fell from heaven, burning as it were a torch. And it fell on the third part of the rivers and upon the fountains of waters: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!; 9:1; Isaiah: 14:12
11 And the name of the star is called Wormwood. And the third part of the waters became wormwood. And many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.
12 And the fourth angel sounded the trumpet: and the third part of the sun was smitten, [3] and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars, so that the third part of them was darkened. And the day did not shine for a third part of it: and the night in like manner. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!

The Three Woes

13 And I beheld: and heard the voice of one eagle flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice: Woe, Woe, Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, by reason of the rest of the voices of the three angels, who are yet to sound the trumpet!
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. Silence: the cries and groans of the earth and even the doxologies of heaven are hushed. This is not a symbol or a prophecy, but a true vision from God in heaven, as are all of the visions of the Apocalypse, and a preparation for what follows.
[2] -Ver. 7. The prohibition of Apoc. 7, 1 is retracted.
[3] -Ver. 12 The light of the heavenly bodies was reduced by one
third its brightness.

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1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7, 10!; 20:1
2 … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 7:36; Gn.: 19:28
3 … Scripture reference –
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 7:1, 3!; Ezek.: 9:6
5 … Scripture reference –
6 … Scripture reference – Job: 3:2
7 … Scripture reference – Joel: 2:4
8 … Scripture reference – Joel: 1:6
9 … Scripture reference – Joel: 2:5
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:19
11 … Scripture reference –
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:14
13 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!
14 … Scripture reference –
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference –
18 … Scripture reference –
19 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:10
20 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:21; 16:9;Dan.: 5:23
21 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:21; 16:11

The Fifth Trumpet

Rv:9:
1 ¶ And the fifth angel sounded the trumpet: and I saw a star [1] fall from heaven upon the earth. And there was given to him the key of the bottomless pit. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7, 10!; 20:1
2 And he opened the bottomless pit: and the smoke of the pit arose, as the smoke of a great furnace. And the sun and the air were darkened with the smoke of the pit. … Scripture reference – IV Esr.: 7:36; Gn.: 19:28
3 And from the smoke of the pit there came out locusts upon the earth. And power was given to them, as the scorpions of the earth have power.
4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth nor any green thing nor any tree: but only the men who have not the sign of God on their foreheads. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 7:1, 3!; Ezek.: 9:6
5 And it was given unto them that they should not kill them: but that they should torment them five months. [2] And their torment was as the torment of a scorpion when he striketh a man.
6 And in those days, men shall seek death and shall not find it. And they shall desire to die: and death shall fly from them. … Scripture reference – Job: 3:2
7 And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle. And on their heads were, as it were, crowns like gold: and their faces were as the faces of men. … Scripture reference – Joel: 2:4
8 And they had hair as the hair of women: and their teeth were as lions. … Scripture reference – Joel: 1:6
9 And they had breastplates as breastplates of iron: and the noise of their wings was as the noise of chariots and many horses running to battle. … Scripture reference – Joel: 2:5
10 And they had tails like to scorpions: and there were stings in their tails. And their power was to hurt men, five months. And they had over them … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:19
11 A king, the angel of the bottomless pit (whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon [3] and in Greek Apollyon, in Latin Exterminans).
12 One woe is past: and behold there come yet two woes more hereafter. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:14

The Sixth Trumpet

13 ¶ And the sixth angel sounded the trumpet: and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before the eyes of God, … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!
14 Saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet: Loose the four angels who are bound in the great river Euphrates.
15 And the four angels were loosed, who were prepared for an hour, [4] and a day, and a month, and a year: for to kill the third part of men.
16 And the number of the army of horsemen was twenty thousand times ten thousand. And I heard the number of them.
17 And thus [5] I saw the horses in the vision. And they that sat on them had breastplates of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone. And the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions: and from their mouths proceeded fire and smoke and brimstone.
18 And by these three plagues was slain the third part of men, by the fire and by the smoke and by the brimstone which issued out of their mouths.
19 For the power of the horses is in their mouths and in their tails. For, their tails are like to serpents and have heads: and with them they hurt. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:10
20 And the rest of the men, who were not slain by these plagues, did not do penance from the works of their hands, that they should not adore devils and idols of gold and silver and brass and stone and wood, which neither can see nor hear nor walk: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:21; 16:9;Dan.: 5:23
21 Neither did they penance from their murders nor from their sorceries nor from their fornication nor from their thefts. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:21; 16:11
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. A star: Lucifer. This is confirmed by the words, the key of the bottomless pit. This key was given to the fallen star, and therefore the star is an individual.
Bottomless pit: abode of the damned with the devils and the demons.
[2] -Ver. 5. Five months: the general period of a locust plague is about five months.
[3] -Ver. 11. Abaddon: i.e., destruction. Apollyon: I.e., destroyer.
[4] -Ver. 15. Who had been kept ready for the hour: the loosing of the angels would take place at a definite period, the year, month, day and hour of which are known, in accordance with the Providence of God.
[5] -Ver. 17. The Greek text is usually punctuated to read, “I saw. . . the horses and those who sat on them. . . , having. . . ..

10,10101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:2; 18:1; 1:16!; Mt.: 17:2!
2 … Scripture reference –
3 … Scripture reference – Hos.: 11:10!
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10:8; 12:10!; Mt.: 3:17!
5 … Scripture reference – Dan.: 12:7!; Rev.: 1:18
6 … Scripture reference – Dan.: 12;7!; Rev.: 14:7; II Esr.: 9:6!; Acts: 4:24!; 14:14; Rev.: 17:24
7 … Scripture reference – Amos: 3:7; Lk.: 1:70; Rm.: 1:2!; Acts: 3:18, 21
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10: 4!, 5
9 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 3:3!
10 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 3:3!
11 … Scripture reference – Dan.: 3:4

3. An Intermediate Vision and the Seventh Trumpet

The Angel with the Little Scroll

Rv:10:
1 ¶ And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud. And a rainbow was on his head: and his face, as the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:2; 18:1; 1:16!; Mt.: 17:2!
2 And he had in his hand a little book, open. [1] And he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot upon the earth.
3 And he cried with a loud voice as when a lion roareth. And when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices. … Scripture reference – Hos.: 11:10!
4 And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write. And I heard a voice from heaven saying to me: Seal up the things which the seven thunders have spoken. And write them not. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10:8; 12:10!; Mt.: 3:17!
5 And the angel whom I saw standing upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven. … Scripture reference – Dan.: 12:7!; Rev.: 1:18
6 And he swore by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven and the things which are therein, and the earth and the things which are in it, and the sea and the things which are therein: That time shall be no longer. … Scripture reference – Dan.: 12;7!; Rev.: 14:7; II Esr.: 9:6!; Acts: 4:24!; 14:14; Rev.: 17:24
7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound the trumpet, the mystery of God shall be finished, as he hath declared by his servants the prophets. … Scripture reference – Amos: 3:7; Lk.: 1:70; Rm.: 1:2!; Acts: 3:18, 21
8 ¶ And I heard a voice from heaven, again speaking to me and saying: Go and take the book that is open, from the hand of the angel who standeth upon the sea and upon the earth. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10: 4!, 5
9 And I went to the angel, saying unto him that he should give me the book. And he said to me: Take the book and eat it up. And it shall make thy belly bitter: but in thy mouth it shall be sweet [2] as honey. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 3:3!
10 And I took the book from the hand of the angel and ate it up: and it was in my mouth, sweet as honey. And when I had eaten it, my belly was bitter. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 3:3!
11 And he said to me: Thou must prophesy again to many nations and peoples and tongues and kings. … Scripture reference – Dan.: 3:4
(DRV)

[1] -ver.2 . Little book, open (Little open scroll): three scrolls (megilloth) are associated in the Apocalypse. The first is the scroll of the course of this world determined by divine Providence, mentioned in the fifth chapter; the last is the scroll of life, mentioned in the twenty-first and twenty-second chapters. Between these two comes another scroll, the little open scroll, the ever-open scroll of God’s promises and the witness of His power.
[2] -Ver. 9f. Sweetness is succeeded by bitterness when John realizes the contents of the little scroll.

11,11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

1 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 40:5
2 … Scripture reference – Lk.: 21:24!
3 … Scripture reference –
4 … Scripture reference – Zach.: 4:14
5 … Scripture reference –
6 … Scripture reference – 3 Rg. (1 Kings): 17:1; Exod. 7:20!
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:17; 13:1!, 7; 17:8; 19:19; Dan.: 7:21
8 … Scripture reference –
9 … Scripture reference –
10 … Scripture reference – Jn.: 16:20
11 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 37:10!; Acts:5:5!
12 … Scripture reference –
13 … Scripture reference – Rev.:16:18!; Acts: 16: 26!
14 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:12
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!; 12:10!; Dan.2:44!; Mic.: 4:7!
16 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:4; 4:10!
17 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:4, 8; 4:8; 19:16
18 … Scripture reference –
19 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:5; 8:5!; 16:18!

The Measuring of the Temple

Rv:11:
1 ¶ And there was given me a reed, like unto a rod. And it was said to me: Arise, and measure the temple of God and the altar and them that adore therein. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 40:5
2 But the court which is without the temple, cast out and measure it not: because it is given unto the Gentiles. And the holy city they shall tread under foot, two and forty months: [1] … Scripture reference – Lk.: 21:24!
3 ¶ And I will give unto my two witnesses: [2] and they shall prophesy, a thousand two hundred sixty days, clothed in sackcloth. … Scripture reference –

The Two Witnesses

4 These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks that stand before the Lord of the earth. … Scripture reference – Zach.: 4:14
5 And if any man will hurt them, fire shall come out of their mouths and shall devour their enemies. And if any man will hurt them, in this manner must he be slain.
6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: And they have power over waters, to turn them into blood and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they will. … Scripture reference – 3 Rg. (1 Kings): 17:1; Exod. 7:20!
7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast [3] that ascendeth out of the abyss shall make war against them and shall overcome them and kill them. 7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:17; 13:1!, 7; 17:8; 19:19; Dan.: 7:21
8 And their bodies shall lie in the streets of the great city which is called spiritually, Sodom and Egypt: where their Lord also was crucified.
9 And they of the tribes and peoples and tongues and nations shall see their bodies for three days and a half: and they shall not suffer their bodies to be laid in sepulchres.
10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them and make merry: and shall send gifts one to another, because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt upon the earth. … Scripture reference – Jn.: 16:20
11 And after three days and a half, [4] the spirit of life from God entered into them. And they stood upon their feet: and great fear fell upon them that saw them. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 37:10!; Acts:5:5!
12 And they heard a great voice from heaven, saying to them: Come up hither. And they went up to heaven in a cloud: and their enemies saw them. … Scripture reference –
13 And at that hour there was made a great earthquake: and the tenth part of the city fell. And there were slain in the earthquake, names of men, seven thousand: and the rest were cast into a fear and gave glory to the God of heaven. … Scripture reference – Rev.:16:18!;
Acts: 16: 26!
14 ¶ The second woe is past: and behold the third woe will come quickly. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:12

The Seventh Trumpet

15 And the seventh angel sounded the trumpet: and there were great voices in heaven, saying: The kingdom of this world is become our Lord’s and his Christ’s, and he shall reign for ever and ever. Amen. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:7!; 12:10!; Dan.2:44!; Mic.: 4:7!
16 And the four and twenty ancients who sit on their seats in the sight of God, fell on their faces and adored God, saying: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:4; 4:10!
17 We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, who art and who wast and who art to come: because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and thou hast reigned. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:4, 8; 4:8; 19:16
18 And the nations were angry: and thy wrath is come. And the time of the dead, that they should be judged and that thou shouldest render reward to thy servants the prophets and the saints, and to them that fear thy name, little and great: and shouldest destroy them who have corrupted the earth.
19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven: and the ark of his testament was seen in his temple. And there were lightnings and voices and an earthquake and great hail.
(DRV) … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:5; 8:5!; 16:18!

[1] -Ver. 2. Forty-two months: three years and a half. The forty two months of thirty days each correspond to the twelve hundred and sixty days of the prophesying of the two witnesses and to the three years and a half of the woman in the wilderness. The period of forty-two months is the symbol of a period, limited in length, and under the control of Him who governs all things. Since we are given no reason to see it otherwise, and the Church Fathers teach that it is a literal length of time at the end of this age in the final fulfillment of this prophecy, we must believe that it is.
[2] -Ver. 3. Two witnesses: Elias and. Enoch, according to the Church Fathers and Doctors.
[3] -Ver. 7. Beast: no beast as yet has been mentioned. This beast symbolizes Antichrist.
[4] -Ver. 11. Three days and a half: this refers to the resurrection of the witnesses.

12,12121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212

1 … Scripture reference –
2 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 26:17!; Jn.:21
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1; 13:1; 17:3
4 … Scripture reference – Dan.: 8:10
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:27; Ps.: 2:9!
6 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:14; IV Esr.: 10:3
7 … Scripture reference – Jude: 9
8 … Scripture reference –
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 20:2; Lk.: 10:18!; Jn.: 12:31!
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10:4!; 11:15; 19:1!; Jn.: 12:31!
11 … Scripture reference – Rm.: 8:37; 1Jn.:2:14
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:20
13 … Scripture reference –
14 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:6!; Dan.: 12:7!
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 13:7; 14:12; 19:10

IV: THE SEVEN SIGNS

The Woman and the Dragon

Rv:12:
1 ¶ And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman [1] clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
2 And being with child, she cried travailing in birth: and was in pain to be delivered … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 26:17!; Jn.:21
3 And there was seen another sign in heaven. And behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns and on his heads seven diadems. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1; 13:1; 17:3
4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was ready to be delivered: that, when she should be delivered, he might devour her son. … Scripture reference – Dan.: 8:10
5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with an iron rod. And her son was taken up to God and to his throne. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:27; Ps.: 2:9!
6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she had a place prepared by God, that there they should feed her, a thousand two hundred sixty days. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:14; IV Esr.: 10:3

Michael Overcomes the Dragon

7 And there was a great battle in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon, and the dragon fought, and his angels. … Scripture reference – Jude: 9
8 And they prevailed not: neither was their place found any more in heaven.
9 And that great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, who seduceth the whole world. And he was cast unto the earth: and his angels were thrown down with him. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 20:2; Lk.: 10:18!; Jn.: 12:31!

The Song of Triumph

10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying: Now is come salvation and strength and the kingdom of our God and the power of his Christ: because the accuser of our brethren is cast forth, who accused them before our God day and night. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10:4!; 11:15; 19:1!; Jn.: 12:31!
11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of the testimony: and they loved not their lives unto death. [2] … Scripture reference – Rm.: 8:37; 1Jn.:2:14
12 ¶ Therefore, rejoice, O heavens, and you that dwell therein. Woe to the earth and to the sea, because the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, knowing that he hath but a short time. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:20

The Dragon and th eWoman

13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman who brought forth the man child.
14 And there were given to the woman two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the desert, unto her place, where she is nourished for a time and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:6!; Dan.: 12:7!
15 And the serpent cast out of his mouth, after the woman, water, as it were a river: that he might cause her to be carried away by the river.
16 And the earth helped the woman: and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed up the river which the dragon cast out of his mouth.
17 And the dragon was angry against the woman: and went to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
… Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 13:7; 14:12; 19:10

(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. A woman: this woman is not the Blessed Virgin, for the details of the prophecy do not fit her. The prophecy pictures the Church of the Old and New Covenants. The beams of the divine glory clothe her; the moon is beneath her feet; she is crowned with a crown of twelve stars (the Twelve Apostles [Judas Iscariot is replaced of course]), and she must bring forth Christ to the world. By accommodation the Church applies this verse to the Blessed Virgin, but in no sense making her a goddess or the head over the Church, for Jesus Christ Himself is the only God in the flesh and the only head over the Church.

[2] -Ver. 11. In face of death: a noteworthy expression, meaning they esteemed life as nothing in comparison with loyalty to their faith, even unto martyrdom.

13,13131313131313131313131313131313131313131313131313131313131313131313

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; Dan.: 7:3; Rev.: 12:3; 17:3
2 … Scripture reference –
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
5 … Scripture reference –
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 12:17
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:8; 20:15!; 21:27; Ps.: 68:29!; Rev.: 14:12
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:7!
10 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 43:11; Mt.: 26:52; Rev.: 14:12
11 … Scripture reference –
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13: 3,4
13 … Scripture reference –
14 … Scripture reference –
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:9; 20:4
17 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:11!
18 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:9

The Beast of the Sea

Rv:13:
1 ¶ (12-18) And he stood upon the sand of the sea. (13-1) And I saw a beast [1] coming up out the sea, having seven heads and ten horns: and upon his horns, ten diadems: and upon his heads, names of blasphemy. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; Dan.: 7:3; Rev.: 12:3; 17:3
2 And the beast which I saw was like to a leopard: and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his own strength and great power. … Scripture reference –
3 And I saw one of his heads as it were slain to death: and his death’s wound was healed. And all the earth was in admiration after the beast. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
4 And they adored the dragon which gave power to the beast. And they adored the beast, saying: Who is like to the beast? And who shall be able to fight with him? … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
5 And there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies: and power was given to him to do, two and forty months.
6 And he opened his mouth unto blasphemies against God, to blaspheme his name and his tabernacle and them that dwell in heaven.
7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And power was given him over every tribe and people and tongue and nation. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 12:17
8 And all that dwell upon the earth adored him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb which was slain from the beginning of the world. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:8; 20:15!; 21:27; Ps.: 68:29!; Rev.: 14:12
9 If any man have an ear, let him hear. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:7!
10 He that shall lead into captivity shall go into captivity: he that shall kill by the sword must be killed by the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints. [2] … Scripture reference – Jer.: 43:11; Mt.: 26:52; Rev.: 14:12

The Beast of the Earth

11 ¶ And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth: and he had two horns, like a lamb: and he spoke as a dragon.
12 And he executed all the power of the former beast in his sight. And he caused the earth and them that dwell therein to adore the first beast, whose wound to death was healed. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13: 3,4
13 And he did great signs, so that he made also fire to come down from heaven unto the earth, in the sight of men.
14 And he seduced them that dwell on the earth, for the signs which were given him to do in the sight of the beast: saying to them that dwell on the earth that they should make the image of the beast which had the wound by the sword and lived.
15 And it was given him to give life to the image of the beast: and that the image of the beast should speak: and should cause that whosoever will not adore the image of the beast should be slain.
16 And he shall make all, both little and great, rich and poor, freemen and bondmen, to have a character [3] in their right hand or on their foreheads: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:9; 20:4
17 And that no man might buy or sell, but he that hath the character, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:11!
18 Here is wisdom. He that hath understanding, let him count the number of the beast. For it is the number of a man: and the number of him is six hundred sixty-six. {See this link – 666 -} [4] … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:9
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. The picture of the first beast is based on the seventh chapter of Daniel. This beast is the figure of the kingdoms of the world, kingdoms founded on passion and
selfishness, which in every age are antagonistic to Christ and seek to oppress the ,servants of God. Imperial Rome represents this power.
[2] -Ver. 10. The weapons of the saints are faith and patience; they must accept sufferings and persecution as Christ did His cross.
[3] -Ver. 16. Character (mark): as slaves received a brand or a mark in their flesh, indicating to whom they belonged, so in the spiritual conflict there is on the side of good and of evil a
brand or mark. St. Paul spoke of such marks in his own body that proved him a slave of Jesus Christ [Gal. 6, 17]. So the false prophet seeks to, impress a mark on all. What this mark is will be manifested in its time.
[4] -Ver. 18. Six hundred and sixty-six: the original type of the number is that it represents the name Caesar Neron, which in Hebrew characters make up the number 666. (Hebrew words read right to left) — Hebrew letters for Kaiser (Caesar) Neron (Nero) = nrwn ksr = (Hebrew in parentheses) 100 (Kop)+ 60 (Samek)+ 200 (Res)+ 50 (Nun)+ 200 (Res)+ 6 (Waw)+ 50 (Nun) = 666. {Additional source for nrwn ksr and each numeric equivalent: The Anchor Bible Dictionary volume IV – page 1145.} The final Gematria/Isosephia alpha-numeric name is known to God. It symbolizes extreme imperfection, for each digit is one short of seven, the number that signifies perfection; it tells us, as the Church Fathers and Doctors all agree, prophetically, of the name the Antichrist will bear. The Fathers concur emphatically that the number is 666 and not 616 as some corrupt manuscripts mistakenly read.

14,14141414141414141414141414141414141414141414141414141414141414141414

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 3:12; 22:4
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:15!; 19:6
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:9!
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:9!
5 … Scripture reference – Zeph.: 3:13!
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:4; 10:6; Acts: 4:24!; 14:14; 17:24
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:2; Isaiah: 21:9!; Rev.: 17:2; 18:3
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:2; 19:20; 20:4; 13:6
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:19; Ps.: 74:9!
11 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:3; Isaiah: 34:10; Rev.: 13:17; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:10; 2:13!; 12:17!; Sir.: 2:21
13 … Scripture reference – IV Esr.:7:35
14 … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:30
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:18
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference –
18 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:15
19 … Scripture reference –
20 … Scripture reference –

The Lamb and the Virgins

Rv:14:
1 ¶ And I beheld: and lo a Lamb stood upon mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty-four thousand, [1] having his name and the name of his Father written on their foreheads. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 3:12; 22:4
2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the noise of many waters and as the voice of great thunder. And the voice which I heard was as the voice of harpers, harping on their harps. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:15!; 19:6
3 And they sung as it were a new canticle, before the throne and before the four living creatures and the ancients: and no man could say the canticle, but those hundred forty-four thousand who were purchased from the earth. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:9!
4 These are they who were not defiled with women: for they are virgins. These follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were purchased from among men, the firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:9!
5 And in their mouth there was found no lie: for they are without spot before the throne of God. [2] … Scripture reference – Zeph.: 3:13!

The Three Angels

6 ¶ And I saw another angel flying through the midst of heaven, having the eternal gospel, to preach unto them that sit upon the earth and over every nation and tribe and tongue and people: … Scripture reference –
7 Saying with a loud voice: Fear the Lord and give him honour, because the hour of his judgment is come. And adore ye him that made heaven and earth, the sea and the fountains of waters. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:4; 10:6; Acts: 4:24!; 14:14; 17:24
8 And another angel followed, saying: That great Babylon [3] is fallen, is fallen; which made all nations to drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:2; Isaiah: 21:9!; Rev.: 17:2; 18:3
9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice: If any man shall adore the beast and his image and receive his character in his forehead or in his hand, … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:2; 19:20; 20:4; 13:6
10 He also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mingled with pure wine in the cup of his wrath: and shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the sight of the holy angels and in the sight of the Lamb. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:19; Ps.: 74:9!
11 And the smoke of their torments, shall ascend up for ever and ever: neither have they rest day nor night, who have adored the beast and his image and whoever receiveth the character of his name. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:3; Isaiah: 34:10; Rev.: 13:17; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4

Blessedness of the Saints

12 Here is the patience of the saints, who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:10; 2:13!; 12:17!; Sir.: 2:21
13 ¶ And I heard a voice from heaven, saying to me: Write: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. From henceforth [4] now, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours. For their works follow them. … Scripture reference – IV Esr.:7:35

Vision of the Judgement

14 And I saw: and behold a white cloud and upon the cloud one sitting like to the Son of man, having on his head a crown of gold and in his hand a sharp sickle. [5] … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:30
15 And another angel came out from the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat upon the cloud: Thrust in thy sickle and reap, because the hour is come to reap. For the harvest of the earth is ripe. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:18
16 And he that sat on the cloud thrust his sickle into the earth: and the earth was reaped. … Scripture reference –
17 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. … Scripture reference –
18 And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire. And he cried with a loud voice to him that had the sharp sickle, saying: Thrust in thy sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vineyard of the earth, because the grapes thereof are ripe. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:15
19 And the angel thrust in his sharp sickle into the earth and gathered the vineyard of the earth and cast it into the great press of the wrath of God: … Scripture reference –
20 And the press was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the press, up to the horses’ bridles, for a thousand and six hundred furlongs. [6] … Scripture reference –
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. A hundred and forty-four thousand: these are the faithful followers of the Lamb, for they have his name and that of the Father written on their foreheads. One of their characteristics is purity; they are virgins. The number is symbolical and not literal (12 times 12 for Apostolic Witness and 1,000 for a great many: 12 x 12 x 1,000 = 144,000). Cf. Apoc. 14, 4 (wherein not defiled by women means not given to religious harlotry, i.e. paganism).
[2] -Ver. 5. The Greek reads “they are without blemish.” At the end of the verse the Clementine Vulgate includes, “before the throne of God.”
[3] -Ver. 8. Babylon: in the Jewish old testament and the Christian new testament, Babylon was a synonym for religious harlotry, in this case, Rome. The final fulfillment is taking shape for quite some time now by the forces of Judeo Mason infiltration into Roman ecclesial circles and its concomitant Zionist pillage of Palestine. The end of this and the time is known to God. We must quote the Church Fathers and St. Paul and say that the aim of the antichrist forces is to rebuild the Solomonic temple in Jerusalem and subvert the whole Church into Judaic Apostasy. The faithful must have no part in this and oppose it in every way while staying completely apart from it.
[4] -Ver. 13. The punctuation of the Vulgate is slightly different: .. . . . those who die in the Lord. Now from henceforth. . . . .. The punctuation of the Greek text, which is supported by some good Vulgate codices is: “…the dead who die in the Lord henceforth.”
[5] -Ver. 14. The figure of the wheat harvest seems to refer to the good; the figure of the vintage in v. 19 refers to the bad.
[6] -Ver. 20. A thousand and six hundred furlongs (stadia): a considerable distance, but the number is symbolical and signifies a Judgment that is complete and final, and reaching to all corners of the earth.

15,1515151515151515151515151515151515151515151515151515151515151511515

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:3; 15:6; 17:1; 21:9
2 … Scripture reference –
3 … Scripture reference – Dt.: 32:4; Dan.: 4:34; Rev.: 16:7!
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14;7; 2Thess.:1:12!; Ps.: 85:9!
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11;19
6 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1; 17:1; 12:9; 1:13; Dan.10:5!
7 … Scripture reference –
8 … Scripture reference – 3 Rg. (1 Kings): 8:10,11!; Isaiah: 16:4

The Angels and the Plagues

Rv:15:
1 ¶ And I saw another sign in heaven, great and wonderful: seven angels having the seven last plagues. For in them is filled up the wrath of God. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:3; 15:6; 17:1; 21:9

The Sea of Glass

2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had overcome the beast and his image and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having the harps of God:
3 And singing the canticle of Moses, [1] the servant of God, and the canticle of the Lamb, saying: Great and wonderful are thy works, O Lord God Almighty. Just and true are thy ways, O King of ages. … Scripture reference – Dt.: 32:4; Dan.: 4:34; Rev.: 16:7!
4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and magnify thy name? For thou only art holy. For all nations shall come and shall adore in thy sight, because thy judgments are manifest. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14;7; 2Thess.:1:12!; Ps.: 85:9!

V: THE SEVEN BOWLS

1. Preparatory Vision

The Angels and the Bowls

5 ¶ And after these things, I looked: and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony [2] in heaven was opened. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11;19
6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed with clean and white linen and girt about the breasts with golden girdles. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1; 17:1; 12:9; 1:13; Dan.10:5!
7 And one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden vials, full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever. … Scripture reference –
8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the majesty of God and from his power. And no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled. … Scripture reference – 3 Rg. (1 Kings): 8:10,11!; Isaiah: 16:4
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 3. The canticle (song) of Moses: a hymn of victory over Pharaoh (see: Exodus 15:1 – 19). This victory finds its full expression in the sacrifice of the Lamb, and so the saints break into a more perfect melody, the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb.
[2] -Ver. 5. The temple of the tabernacle of the testimony: the inner sanctuary of the heavenly temple.

16,16161616161616161616161616161616161616161616161616161616161616161616

1 … Scripture reference – Ps.: 68:25!
2 … Scripture reference – Exod.: 9:10; Rev.: 14:9, 11!; 19:20
3 … Scripture reference –
4 … Scripture reference – Exod.: 7:20!
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:8!; Ps.: 118:137!
6 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:24; Mt.: 23:35!; Wisd.: 11:7
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15;3!; 19:2; Ps.: 118:137!
8 … Scripture reference –
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:21; 9:20!
10 … Scripture reference –
11 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 8:21!; Rev.: 2:21; 9:20, 21!
12 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 50:2!
13 … Scripture reference –
14 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:19
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 3:3; 1 Thess. 5:2; 2 Pt.: 3:10; Rev.: 3:18
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:5; 21:3
18 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:5!; 11:19; 6:12; 11:13!; Mt.: 24:21; Mk.:13:19
19 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:10!
20 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:14
21 … Scripture reference – Josue: 10:11!; Rev.: 16:9

2. The First Six Bowls

The First Three Bowls

Rv:16:
1 ¶ And I heard a great voice [1] out of the temple, saying to the seven angels: Go and pour out the seven vials of the wrath of God upon the earth. … Scripture reference – Ps.: 68:25!
2 And the first went and poured out his vial upon the earth. And there fell a sore and grievous wound upon men who had the character of the beast: [2] and upon them that adored the image thereof. … Scripture reference – Exod.: 9:10; Rev.: 14:9, 11!; 19:20
3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea. And there came blood as it were of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea.
4 And the third poured out his vial upon the rivers and the fountains of waters. And there was made blood. … Scripture reference – Exod.: 7:20!
5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: Thou art just, O Lord, who art and who wast, the Holy One, because thou hast judged these things. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:8!; Ps.: 118:137!
6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets: and thou hast given them blood to drink. For they are worthy. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:24; Mt.: 23:35!; Wisd.: 11:7
7 And I heard another, from the altar, saying: Yea, O Lord God Almighty, true and just are thy judgments. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15;3!; 19:2; Ps.: 118:137!

The Second Three Bowls

8 ¶ And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun. And it was given unto him to afflict men with heat and fire.
9 And men were scorched with great heat: and they blasphemed the name of God, who hath power over these plagues. Neither did they penance to give him glory. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:21; 9:20!
10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast. And his kingdom became dark: and they gnawed their tongues for pain. … Scripture reference –
11 And they blasphemed the God of heaven, because of their pains and wounds: and did not penance for their works. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 8:21!; Rev.: 2:21; 9:20, 21!
12 ¶ And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon that great river Euphrates and dried up the water thereof, that a way might be prepared for the kings from the rising of the sun. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 50:2!

3. An Intermediate Vision and the Seventh Bowl

The Unclean Spirits

13 And I saw from the mouth of the dragon and from the mouth of the beast and from the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs. … Scripture reference –
14 For they are the spirits of devils, working signs: and they go forth unto the kings of the whole earth, to gather them to battle against the great day of the Almighty God. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:19
15 Behold, I come [3] as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 3:3; 1 Thess. 5:2; 2 Pt.: 3:10; Rev.: 3:18
16 And he shall gather them together into a place which in Hebrew is called Armagedon. [4] … Scripture reference –

The Seventh Bowl

17 ¶ And the seventh angel poured out his vial upon the air. And there came a great voice out of the temple from the throne, saying: It is done. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:5; 21:3
18 And there were lightnings and voices and thunders: and there was a great earthquake, such an one as never had been since men were upon the earth, such an earthquake, so great. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 8:5!; 11:19; 6:12; 11:13!; Mt.: 24:21; Mk.:13:19
19 And the great city was divided into three parts: and the cities of the Gentiles fell. And great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the indignation of his wrath. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:10!
20 And every island fled away: and the mountains were not found. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 6:14
21 And great hail, like a talent, came down from heaven upon men: and men blasphemed God, for the plague of the hail: because it was exceeding great. … Scripture reference – Josue: 10:11!; Rev.: 16:9
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. Great (loud) voice: the divine voice from the throne itself.
[2] -Ver. 2. The plague falls on those who carry the character (mark) of the beast; it resembles the sixth Egyptian plague, the plague of boils. Cf. Ex. 9, 8-12.
[3] -Ver. 15. Behold, I come: the voice of Christ.
[4] -Ver. 16. Armagedon: or, as in Hebrew, “Har-Megiddo,” i.e., the mountain of Megiddo. The place indicated here is the plain of Esdraelon, the great battlefield of Palestine; here the fortunes of kings have been decided, here, rulers fought and fell. This battleground becomes the symbol of the divine struggle.

17,17171717171717171717171717171717171717171717171717171717171717171717

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1,6; 21:9; 19:2
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:3, 9; Isaiah: 23:17; Rev.: 14:8
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:3; 13:1
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:16
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:2
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference –
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:11; 11:7!; 13:3, 8!
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:18
10 … Scripture reference –
11 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:8
12 … Scripture reference – Dan.: 7:24
13 … Scripture reference –
14 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:16; 1Tim.: 6:15!
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:20; Dan.:7:11
17 … Scripture reference – Prv.: 21:1
18 … Scripture reference –

VI: BABYLON THE GREAT

The Woman on the Scarlet Beast

Rv:17:
1 ¶ And there came one of the seven angels who had the seven vials and spoke with me, saying: Come, I will shew thee the condemnation of the great harlot, who sitteth upon many waters: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1,6; 21:9; 19:2
2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication. And they who inhabit the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her whoredom. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:3, 9; Isaiah: 23:17; Rev.: 14:8
3 And he took me away in spirit into the desert. And I saw a woman sitting upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:3; 13:1
4 And the woman was clothed round about with purple and scarlet, and gilt with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand, full of the abomination and filthiness of her fornication. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:16
5 And on her forehead a name was written: A mystery: [1] Babylon the great, the mother of the fornications and the abominations of the earth. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:2
6 And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And I wondered, when I had seen her, with great admiration.

The Angel’s Explanation

7 ¶ And the angel said to me: Why dost thou wonder? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman and of the beast which carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and ten horns.
8 The beast which thou sawest, was, and is not, and shall come up out of the bottomless pit and go into destruction. And the inhabitants on the earth (whose names are not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world) shall wonder, seeing the beast that was and is not. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:11; 11:7!; 13:3, 8!
9 And here is the understanding that hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, upon which the woman sitteth: and they are seven kings. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:18
10 Five are fallen, one is, and the other is not yet come: and when he is come, he must remain a short time. … Scripture reference –
11 And the beast [2] which was and is not: the same also is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into destruction. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:8
12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, who have not yet received a kingdom: but shall receive power as kings, one hour [3] after [with] the beast. … Scripture reference – Dan.: 7:24
13 These have one design: and their strength and power they shall deliver to the beast.
14 ¶ These shall fight with the Lamb. And the Lamb shall overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings: and they that are with him are called and elect and faithful. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:16; 1Tim.: 6:15!
15 And he said to me: The waters which thou sawest, where the harlot sitteth, are peoples and nations and tongues. … Scripture reference –
16 And the ten horns which thou sawest in the beast: These shall hate the harlot and shall make her desolate and naked and shall eat her flesh and shall burn her with fire. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:20; Dan.:7:11
17 For God hath given into their hearts to do that which pleaseth him: that they give their kingdom [4] to the beast, till the words of God be fulfilled. … Scripture reference – Prv.: 21:1
18 And the woman which thou sawest is the great city which hath kingdom over the kings of the earth. [5] … Scripture reference –
(DRV)

[1] -Ver:-5. A mystery: the name is not literal but symbolical and its meaning is that it will be revealed in due time. (mystery in Greek is musterion, that is “revealed”). In the final ‘universal recapitulation of evil’ (St. Irenaeus’ expression) the “woman” who is the “great harlot” will be the recapitulation of all the diabolic, demonic, gnostic, infidel, false religion of the world since Adam. In short, today it is the Pan-heresy of the Ecumenical movement (utterly opposed by Mortalium Animus, Pius XI, 1928), which is the culmination of modernist Judeo-Mason blasphemy of: the True God and His Christ and the Holy Spirit. This Pan-heresy is centered at Rome in the Vatican since 1958 especially, and has permeated all churches; this is the great apostasy that St. Paul the Apostle warned us about (see: 2 Thess.2:3, 6, 7). He who holds the great apostasy back (2 Thess: 2:6, 7) until the appointed time is Jesus Christ Himself, according to St. Justin Martyr. The beast that the woman rides is the world’s political-religious systems opposed to the True God, the Trinity, Who is the Creator and Ruler over all. These taken together are the precursor of the final beast of verse 11 which includes all the former systems within it.
[2] -Ver. 11. The beast spoken of here seems to be the Roman Empire, as in chapter 13. At the end of days it will be the final world system opposing Christ and His Church. This world system will be, according to the Church Fathers and Doctors of the Church, the one world empire of the Antichrist who is the son of perdition, headquartered in the rebuilt Solomonic temple in Jerusalem. See 2 Thessalonians 2nd chapter. This is the ultimate Babylon and is utterly damned by Christ and His Church. “Such a secular, earthbound state [Israel] could easily become the political and military power base for the Antichrist when he comes. For the Antichrist will be in perfect accord with the ideals of such a Zionist state. Moreover, the State of Israel has demonstrated that it has the will and ability to go to war and win the secular goals to which its heart is attached. Thus when the Antichrist comes to power as head of such an efficient, superbly equipped, scientific State, founded on nationalism, race and blood, he will be able to conquer the rest of the world. He will be the first, the only Jew to reign with political, economic, military power over the whole world from his capital city, Jerusalem, the city in which Our Lord was crucified” (Fr. Vincent Miceli, S.J., The Antichrist, p. 152).
[3] -Ver. 12. One hour: ten other kingdoms are allies of the beast and battle against the Church. But their dominion is short; typified as an hour. These occur at the same time and not in succession.
[4] -Ver. 17. The Greek text reads: “. . . to
do his purpose and to make common cause and to give their kingdom. . . :”
[5] –Ver. 18. …great city which hath kingdom over the kings of the earth.: at the time that the Apocalypse was seen and recorded by St. John the Apostle, that city was Rome, Italy, of the seven hills (1 – Janiculum with the Vatican on the lower slope today, 2 – Aventine, 3 – Palatine with the Capitoline and the Tiburtine oracle, 4 – Caelian, 5 – Esquiline, 6 – Viminal, 7 – Quirinal), in the future it will be Jerusalem of the seven hills (1 – The Citadel, 2 – Acra, 3 – Temple Mount, 4 – Mount of Olives, 5 – Mt. Scopus, 6 – Mt Zion, 7 – Golgotha) when the Antichrist rules from there. The eighth head which is a king and has dominion over the kingdoms of the earth and therefore is identified with that world wide (ecumenical in the narrow sense) kingdom as well, was Caesar, in the days of ancient Rome. Caesar was ruler over Rome, the Pontifex Maximus (head of all Roman religion) and Princeps Senatus – first member by precedence of the Roman Senate (therefore functional dictator without the title); and also the Emperor (Imperator) over the Roman Empire. In the future the eighth head ruling over Jerusalem and having world wide dominion for a short space will be the Antichrist. The exact arrangement of how that will be enacted is known to God.

18,18181818181818181818181818181818181818181818181818181818181818181818

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10:1; Ezek.: 43:2
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:8!; Isaiah: 13:21, 22!
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:8; 17:2; Jer.: 51:7!; Rev.: 18:9, 15
4 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 51:45!; 2 Cor.: 6:17!; Eph.: 5:7!; 1 Tim.: 5:22
5 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 51:9
6 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 50:29!; 2 Thess.: 1:6
7 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 47:8
8 … Scripture reference –
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:3; 17:2; 18:18
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:15, 16, 17
11 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27;32!
12 … Scripture reference –
13 … Scripture reference –
14 … Scripture reference –
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:3, 10
16 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:4
17 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27:29, 30!; Rev.: 18:10
18 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27:29, 30!; Rev.: 18:9
19 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27:29, 30!, 32, 33!
20 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:12
21 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 51:63, 64
22 … Scripture reference – Ezek.:26:13!; Jer.: 25:10!
23 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 25:10!
24 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:6!

The Fall of Babylon

Rv:18:
1 ¶ And after these things, I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power: and the earth was enlightened with his glory. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 10:1; Ezek.: 43:2
2 And he cried out with a strong voice, saying: Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen: and is become the habitation of devils and the hold of every unclean spirit and the hold of every unclean and hateful bird: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:8!; Isaiah: 13:21, 22!
3 Because all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication: and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her; And the merchants of the earth have been made rich by the power of her delicacies. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:8; 17:2; Jer.: 51:7!; Rev.: 18:9, 15

Her Sins and Punishment

4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying: Go out from her, my people; that you be not partakers of her sins and that you receive not of her plagues. … Scripture reference – Jer.: 51:45!; 2 Cor.: 6:17!; Eph.: 5:7!; 1 Tim.: 5:22
5 For her sins have reached unto heaven: and the Lord hath remembered her iniquities. … Scripture reference – Jer.: 51:9
6 Render to her as she also hath rendered to you: and double unto her double, according to her works. In the cup wherein she hath mingled, mingle ye double unto her. … Scripture reference – Jer.: 50:29!; 2 Thess.: 1:6
7 As much as she hath glorified herself and lived in delicacies, so much torment and sorrow give ye to her. Because she saith in her heart: I sit a queen and am no widow: and sorrow I shall not see. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 47:8
8 Therefore, shall her plagues come in one day, death and mourning and famine. And she shall be burnt with the fire: because God is strong, who shall judge her.

Dirge of the Kings

9 ¶ [1] And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived in delicacies with her, shall weep and bewail themselves over her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:3; 17:2; 18:18
10 Standing afar off for fear of her torments, saying: Alas! alas! that great city, Babylon, that mighty city: for in one hour is thy judgment come. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:15, 16, 17

Dirge of the Merchants

11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her: for no man shall buy their merchandise any more. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27;32!
12 Merchandise of gold and silver and precious stones: and of pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet: and all thyine wood: and all manner of vessels of ivory: and all manner of vessels of precious stone and of brass and of iron and of marble:
13 And cinnamon and odours and ointment and frankincense and wine and oil and fine flour and wheat and beasts [2] and sheep and horses and chariots: and slaves and souls of men.
14 And the fruits of the desire of thy soul are departed from thee: and all fat and goodly things are perished from thee. And they shall find them no more at all.
15 The merchants of these things, who were made rich, shall stand afar off from her, for fear of her torments, weeping and mourning, … Scripture reference – Rev.: 18:3, 10
16 And saying: Alas! alas! that great city, which was clothed with fine linen and purple and scarlet and was gilt with gold and precious stones and pearls. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:4

17 For in one hour are so great riches come to nought.

Dirge of the Mariners

And every shipmaster and all that sail into the lake, and mariners, and as many as work in the sea, stood afar off, … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27:29, 30!; Rev.: 18:10
18 And cried, seeing the place of her burning, saying: What city is like to this great city? … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27:29, 30!; Rev.: 18:9
19 And they cast dust upon their heads and cried, weeping and mourning, saying: Alas! alas! that great city, wherein all were made rich, that had ships at sea, by reason of her prices. For, in one hour she is made desolate. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 27:29, 30!, 32, 33!
20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven and ye holy apostles and prophets. For God hath judged your judgment on her. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:12

The Angel’s Promise

21 And a mighty angel took up a stone, as it were a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying: With such violence as this, shall Babylon, that great city, be thrown down and shall be found no more at all. … Scripture reference – Jer.: 51:63, 64
22 And the voice of harpers and of musicians and of them that play on the pipe and on the trumpet shall no more be heard at all in thee: and no craftsman [3] of any art whatsoever shall be found any more at all in thee: and the sound of the mill shall be heard no more at all in thee: … Scripture reference – Ezek.:26:13!; Jer.: 25:10!
23 And the light of the lamp shall shine no more at all in thee: and the voice of the bridegroom and the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee. For thy merchants were the great men of the earth: for all nations have been deceived by thy enchantments. … Scripture reference – Jer.: 25:10!
24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all that were slain upon the earth. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:6!
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 9-19. This passage is not an account of a vision but rather a direct prophecy, after. the manner of the prophecies of Isaias and Ezechiel concerning Tyre. Tyre furnishes a type of the vengeance of God upon satanic pride and luxury.
[2] -Ver.13. Beasts [of burden]: the Greek has “cattle.”
[3] –Ver. 22 The city had boasted previously of her craftsmen, skilled in every craft.

19,19191919191919191919191919191919191919191919191919191919191919191919

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:12; 7:19!; 12:10; 4:11!
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:7!; 17:1, 5; 6:10; Dt.: 32:43!
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:11!
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:10!; 5:14; 7:10!
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:17; 21:3; Ps.: 133:1!, 113:21
6 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:2!; 11:17
7 … Scripture reference –
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:14!; Isaiah: 61:10!
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:5; 22:6; Lk.: 14:15!
10 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 22:8, 9; 12:17
11 … Scripture reference – Acts: 7:55!; Rev.: 6:2
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:14!; 2:18; 2:17
13 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 63:3
14 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:8; 4:4!
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:16; 2:12; Isaiah: 11:14!; Rev.: 2:27!; Ps.: 2:9!; Isaiah: 63:3!
16 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:14; 1 Tim.: 6;15!
17 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 39:17, 18
18 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 39:17, 18; Rev.: 6:15; Ezek.:39:20
19 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 16:14; Ps.: 2:2!
20 … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:24; Mk.: 13:22!; Rev.: 14:9,11!; 16:2; 20:4; 17:16; 20:14,15!; 21:8; Dan.:7:11
21 … Scripture reference –

The Angelic Song

Rv:19:
1 ¶ After these things, I heard as it were the voice of much people in heaven, saying: Alleluia. Salvation and glory and power is to our God. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 5:12; 7:19!; 12:10; 4:11!
2 For true and just are his judgments, who hath judged the great harlot which corrupted the earth with her fornication and hath revenged the blood of his servants, at her hands. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:7!; 17:1, 5; 6:10; Dt.: 32:43!
3 And again they said: Alleluia. And her smoke ascendeth for ever and ever. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:11!
4 And the four and twenty ancients and the four living creatures fell down and adored God that sitteth upon the throne, saying: Amen. Alleluia. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 4:10!; 5:14; 7:10!
5 ¶ And a voice came out from the throne, saying: Give praise to our God, all ye his servants: and you that fear him, little and great. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:17; 21:3; Ps.: 133:1!, 113:21

The Song of Triumph

6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of great thunders, saying: Alleluia: for the Lord our God, the Almighty, hath reigned. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:2!; 11:17
7 Let us be glad and rejoice and give glory to him. For the marriage of the Lamb is come: and his wife hath prepared herself.
8 And it is granted to her that she should clothe herself with fine linen, glittering and white. For the fine linen are the justifications of saints. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:14!; Isaiah: 61:10!
9 And he said to me: Write: Blessed are they that are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith to me: These words of God are true. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:5; 22:6; Lk.: 14:15!
10 And I fell down before his feet, to adore him. And he saith to me: See thou do it not. I am thy fellow servant [1] and of thy brethren who have the testimony of Jesus. Adore God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 22:8, 9; 12:17

VII: THE CONSUMMATION

The Divine Warrior

11 ¶ And I saw heaven opened: and behold a white horse. And he that sat upon him was called faithful and true: and with justice doth he judge and fight. … Scripture reference – Acts: 7:55!; Rev.: 6:2
12 And his eyes were as a flame of fire: and on his head were many diadems. And he had a name written, which no man knoweth but himself. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:14!; 2:18; 2:17
13 And he was clothed with a garment sprinkled with blood. And his name is called: THE WORD OF GOD. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 63:3
14 And the armies that are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:8; 4:4!

King of Kings and Lord of Lords

15 And out of his mouth proceedeth a sharp two-edged sword, that with it he may strike the nations. And he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God the Almighty. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:16; 2:12; Isaiah: 11:14!; Rev.: 2:27!; Ps.: 2:9!; Isaiah: 63:3!
16 And he hath on his garment and on his thigh written: KING OF KINGS [2] AND LORD OF LORDS. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:14; 1 Tim.: 6;15!

Defeat of the Beast and the False Prophet

17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun: and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that did fly through the midst of heaven: Come, gather yourselves together to the great supper of God: … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 39:17, 18
18 That you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of tribunes and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of horses and of them that sit on them: and the flesh of all freemen and bondmen and of little and of great. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 39:17, 18; Rev.: 6:15; Ezek.:39:20
19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies, [3] gathered together to make war with him that sat upon the horse and with his army. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 16:14; Ps.: 2:2!
20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet [4] who wrought signs before him, wherewith he seduced them who received the character of the beast and who adored his image. These two were cast alive into the pool of fire burning with brimstone. … Scripture reference – Mt.: 24:24; Mk.: 13:22!; Rev.: 14:9,11!; 16:2; 20:4; 17:16; 20:14,15!; 21:8; Dan.:7:11
21 And the rest were slain by the sword of him that sitteth upon the horse, which proceedeth out of his mouth: and all the birds were filled with their flesh.
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 10. Fellow-servant: one bond of service unites angels and men.
[2] -Ver.16. King of kings: the power of Christ is irresistible. His kingship universal. This is an affirmation of His divinity.
[3] -Ver. 19. The true King is followed by his army; it is one army, united by one bond and under one King. The army of the beast is made up of diverse armies and united only by opposition to the good; the battle is that of Armagedon.
[4] -Ver.4 20. .The false prophet: the second wild beast, that of chapter 13.

20,20202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020

1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:1
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:9!; Tobias: 8:3!
3 … Scripture reference –
4 … Scripture reference – 1 Cor.: 6:2; Rev.: 1:2, 9; 6:9; 14:9, 11; 19:20; 13:16
5 … Scripture reference –
6 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:11; 5:10; Isaiah: 61:6!; Rev.: 22:5
7 … Scripture reference –
8 … Scripture reference – Hab.: 1:6
9 … Scripture reference – 4 Rg. (2 Kings): 1:10!
10 … Scripture reference –
11 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 6:11; 2 Pt.: 3:12!
12 … Scripture reference – Dan.: 7:10; Sir.: 16:13!
13 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:23!; Sir.:16:13!
14 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:20; 21:8; Hos.: 13:14!
15 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:8!; Dan.: 12:1!; 19:20!; Mt.: 13:42!, 50

Satan Chained

Rv:20:
1 ¶ And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 9:1
2 And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. [1] … Scripture reference – Rev.: 12:9!; Tobias: 8:3!
3 And he cast him into the bottomless pit and shut him up and set a seal upon him, that he should no more seduce the nations till the thousand years be finished. And after that, he must be loosed a little time. … Scripture reference –

Reign of the Saints

4 And I saw seats. And they sat upon them: and judgment was given unto them. And the souls of them that were beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God and who had not adored the beast nor his image nor received his character on their foreheads or in their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. … Scripture reference – 1 Cor.: 6:2; Rev.: 1:2, 9; 6:9; 14:9, 11; 19:20; 13:16
5 The rest of the dead [2] lived not, till the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. … Scripture reference –
6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection. In these the second death hath no power. But they shall be priests of God and of Christ: and shall reign with him a thousand years. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:11; 5:10; Isaiah: 61:6!; Rev.: 22:5

Satan Loosed

7 And when the thousand years shall be finished, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison and shall go forth and seduce the nations which are over the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog: [3] and shall gather them together to battle, the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
8 And they came upon the breadth of the earth and encompassed the camp of the saints and the beloved city. 8 … Scripture reference – Hab.: 1:6
9 And there cane down fire from God out of heaven and devoured them: and the devil, who seduced them, was cast into the pool of fire and brimstone, where both the beast … Scripture reference – 4 Rg. (2 Kings): 1:10!
10 And the false prophet shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

The Last Judgement

11 ¶ And I saw a great white throne and one sitting upon it, from whose face the earth and heaven fled away: and there was no place found for them … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 6:11; 2 Pt.: 3:12!
12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing in the presence of the throne. And the books were opened: and another book was opened, which was the book of life. And the dead were judged by those things which were written in the books, [4] according to their works. … Scripture reference – Dan.: 7:10; Sir.: 16:13!
13 And the sea gave up the dead that were in it: and death and hell gave up their dead that were in them. And they were judged, every one according to their works. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:23!; Sir.:16:13!
14 And hell and death were cast into the pool of fire. This is the second death. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 19:20; 21:8; Hos.: 13:14!
15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the pool of fire. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:8!; Dan.: 12:1!; 19:20!; Mt.: 13:42!, 50
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 2. A thousand years: not to be taken literally. It signifies that, after the destruction of hostile kings and the chaining of the dragon, the Church will enjoy a long era of peace. During this era Christ will reign over the souls of men, and Christians, through their influence over the world, will reign with Christ.
[2] -Ver. 5. The rest of the dead: sinners who will not enjoy any kind of resurrection until the end of time, The first resurrection: the spiritual reign of the faithful with Christ during the long period of a thousand years. The general resurrection, on the last day, is referred to in vv. 12 and 13.
[3] -Ver. 7. Gog and Magog: after a thousand years (figurative: a long time) Magog the nation, will attack the Church. This nation designated as Magog is modern “Israel” the AshkeNazi creation of the Zionist antichrists, Gog is the Jew Antichrist.
The names are taken from Ezechiel. In rabbinical books the names were used to signify the nations that would rise against the Messias. The names are to be understood figuratively and literally (i.e. the Khazar Ashkenazi Talmudic Zionist Lurianic Cabalist Antichrist Satanism) and signify the earthly powers that will make the last onslaught against the Church with their totally false Judaism which is Talmudic satanism. This has been occurring with increasing ferocity since the “establishment” of the satanic “state” of “Israel” in 1948. The: “ha maschiach” of the Talmudic Jews is the Antichrist. The True Maschiach or Messias is only and can be no other than Jesus Christ.
[4] -Ver. 12. By those things that were written in the books (scrolls): i.e., according to their works, a frequent idea in the New Testament.

21,21212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121212121

1 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 65:17!; 2 Pt.: 3:13
2 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:10; 3:12; IV Esr.: 13:36; Isaiah: 61:10!
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:17; 19:5; Jn.:1:14; Lv.: 26:11, 12!; 2 Cor.:6:16!
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 7:17; Isaiah: 25:8; 65:19!
5 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 7:10!; Isaiah: 43:19; 2 Cor.:5:17; Rev.: 19:9; 22:6
6 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:8; 22:13!; 22:17!; Isaiah: 55:1!
7 … Scripture reference – 2 Sam.: 7:14!
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 22:15!; 19:20; 20:14
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1, 6; 17:1
10 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 40:2; Mt.: 4:8!; Rev.: 21:2; 3:12
11 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:23!
12 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 48:31 – 34
13 … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 48:31 – 34
14 … Scripture reference –
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference –
18 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 54:12
19 … Scripture reference – Tobias: 13:21
20 … Scripture reference –
21 … Scripture reference –
22 … Scripture reference –
23 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 22:5; Isaiah: 60:19!; Rev.: 21:11; IV Esr.: 7:42
24 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 60:3!
25 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 60:11!; Rev.: 22:5
26 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 60:11!
27 … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 52:1!; Rev.: 13:8!

New Heaven and New Earth

Rv:21:
1 ¶ I saw a new heaven and a new [1] earth. For the first heaven and the first earth was gone: and the sea is now no more. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 65:17!; 2 Pt.: 3:13
2 And I, John, saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:10; 3:12; IV Esr.: 13:36; Isaiah: 61:10!
3 And I heard a great voice from the throne, saying: Behold the tabernacle of God with men: and he will dwell with them. And they shall be his people: and God himself with them shall be their God. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 16:17; 19:5; Jn.:1:14; Lv.: 26:11, 12!; 2 Cor.:6:16!
4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes: and death shall be no more. Nor mourning, nor crying, nor sorrow shall be any more, for the former things are passed away. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 7:17; Isaiah: 25:8; 65:19!

The Promise

5 And he that sat on the throne, said: Behold, I make all things new. And he said to me: Write. For these words are most faithful and true. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 7:10!; Isaiah: 43:19; 2 Cor.:5:17; Rev.: 19:9; 22:6
6 And he said to me: It is done. I am Alpha and Omega: the Beginning and the End. To him that thirsteth, I will give of the fountain of the water of life, freely. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 1:8; 22:13!; 22:17!; Isaiah: 55:1!
7 He that shall overcome shall possess these things. And I will be his God: and he shall be my son. … Scripture reference – 2 Sam.: 7:14!
8 But the fearful and unbelieving and the abominable and murderers and whoremongers and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, they shall have their portion in the pool burning with fire and brimstone, which is the second death. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 22:15!; 19:20; 20:14
9 ¶ And there came one of the seven angels, who had the vials full of the seven last plagues, and spoke with me, saying: Come and I will shew thee the bride, the wife of the Lamb. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 15:1, 6; 17:1

The Heavenly Jerusalem

10 And he took me up in spirit to a great and high mountain: and he shewed me the holy city Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 40:2; Mt.: 4:8!; Rev.: 21:2; 3:12
11 Having the glory of God, and the light thereof was like to a precious stone, as to the jasper stone even as crystal. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 21:23!
12 And it had a wall great and high, having twelve gates, and in the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 48:31 – 34
13 On the east, three gates: and on the north, three gates: and on the south, three gates: and on the west, three gates. … Scripture reference – Ezek.: 48:31 – 34
14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations: And in them, the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb, … Scripture reference –
15 And he that spoke with me had a measure of a reed of gold, to measure the city and the gates thereof and the wall. … Scripture reference –
16 And the city lieth in a four-square: [2] and the length thereof is as great as the breadth. And he measured the city with the golden reed for twelve thousand furlongs: and the length and the height and the breadth thereof are equal. … Scripture reference –
17 And he measured the wall thereof an hundred forty-four cubits, the measure of a man, which is of an angel. [3] … Scripture reference –
18 And the building of the wall thereof was of jasper stone: but the city itself pure gold like to clear glass. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 54:12
19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper: the second, sapphire: the third; a chalcedony: the fourth, an emerald: … Scripture reference – Tobias: 13:21
20 The fifth, sardonyx: the sixth, sardius: the seventh, chrysolite: the eighth, beryl: the ninth, a topaz: the tenth, a chrysoprasus: the eleventh, a jacinth: the twelfth, an amethyst.
21 And the twelve gates are twelve pearls, one to each: and every several gate was of one several pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, as it were, transparent glass. … Scripture reference –

God and the Lamb Give It Light

22 And I saw no temple therein. For the Lord God Almighty is the temple thereof, and the Lamb. … Scripture reference –
23 And the city hath no need of the sun, nor of the moon, to shine in it. For the glory of God hath enlightened it: and the Lamb is the lamp thereof. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 22:5; Isaiah: 60:19!; Rev.: 21:11; IV Esr.: 7:42
24 And the nations shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth shall bring their glory and honour into it. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 60:3!
25 And the gates thereof shall not be shut by day: for there shall be no night there. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 60:11!; Rev.: 22:5
26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 60:11!
27 There shall not enter into it any thing defiled or that worketh abomination or maketh a lie: but they that are written in the book of life of the Lamb. … Scripture reference – Isaiah: 52:1!; Rev.: 13:8!
(DRV)

[1] -Ver. 1. New: there are two words that are translated “new” in our English versions. One refers to time: the other to quality. The quality of the earth will be changed but not the substance; there will be some resemblance between the old and the new. Cf. Rom. 8, 19 (202).
[2] – Ver. 16. Foursquare: the length and breadth are equal; the height is equal to the length and breadth. This is a symbol of perfect symmetry, and signifies the grandeur of the city.
[3] – Ver. 17. Man’s measure . . . angel’s measure: the measure is the measure of a man but the reed is handled by an angel; the measure is true for men and true for angels.

22,22222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222

1 … Scripture reference – Ezek. 47:1!
2 … Scripture reference – Ezek. 47:12!
3 … Scripture reference – Zach. 14:1!
4 … Scripture reference – Ps. 41:3; Mt. 5:8; Rev. 3:12; 14:1
5 … Scripture reference – Rev. 21:25; 21:23; Isaiah: 60:19!; Rev.20:6; Dan. 7:18
6 … Scripture reference – Rev. 19:9!; 21:5; 1:1!
7 … Scripture reference – Rev. 12:20; 1:3!; 3:11
8 … Scripture reference – 1Jn. 1:1, 3; Rev. 19;10
9 … Scripture reference – Rev. 19:10
10 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:3!
11 … Scripture reference – Dan: 12:10
12 … Scripture reference – Rev. 22:7!; Isaiah: 40:10!; 62:11; 2:23!
13 … Scripture reference – Rev. 1:8; 21:6: 1:17: Isaiah: 41:4!
14 … Scripture reference – Rev. 7:14!; 2:7!
15 … Scripture reference – Rev. 21:8: Gal. 5:19, 20
16 … Scripture reference –
17 … Scripture reference – Rev. 21:6; Isaiah: 55;:1!; Jn. 7:37
18 … Scripture reference – Proverbs 30:6!
19 … Scripture reference – Exodus 32:33!
20 … Scripture reference – Rev. 22:7!
21 … Scripture reference – 2Cor. 13:13!; 2Thess. 3:18; Titus 3:15

Rv:22:

The River and Tree of Life

1 ¶ And he shewed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb. … Scripture reference — Ezek. 47:1!
2 In the midst of the street thereof, and on both sides of the river, was the tree of life, bearing twelve fruits, yielding its fruits every month: the leaves of the tree for the healing of the nations. … Scripture reference — Ezek. 47:12!

The Throne of God and of the Lamb

3 And there shall be no curse any more: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it. And his servants shall serve him. … Scripture reference — Zach. 14:1!
4 And they shall see his face: and his name shall be on their foreheads. … Scripture reference — Ps. 41:3; Mt. 5:8; Rev. 3:12; 14:1
5 And night shall be no more. And they shall not need the light of the lamp, nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God shall enlighten then. And they shall reign for ever and ever. … Scripture reference — Rev. 21:25; 21:23; Isaiah: 60:19!; Rev.20:6; Dan. 7:18

EPILOGUE

Confirmation

6 ¶ And he said to me: These words are most faithful and true. And the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his angel to shew his servant the things which must be done shortly. … Scripture reference — Rev. 19:9!; 21:5; 1:1!
7 And: Behold I come quickly. [1] Blessed is he that keepeth the words of the prophecy of this book. … Scripture reference — Rev. 12:20; 1:3!; 3:11
8 And I, John, who have heard and seen these things. And, after I had heard and seen, I fell down to adore before the feet of the angel who shewed me the things. … Scripture reference — 1Jn. 1:1, 3; Rev. 19;10
9 And he said to me: See thou do it not. For I am thy fellow servant, and of thy brethren the prophets and of them that keep the words of the prophecy of this book. Adore God. … Scripture reference — Rev. 19:10

Words of Christ

10 And he saith to me: Seal not the words of the prophecy of this book. For the time is at hand. … Scripture reference — Rev. 1:3!
11 He that hurteth, let him hurt still: [2] and he that is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is just, let him be justified still: and he that is holy, let him be sanctified still. … Scripture reference — Dan: 12:10
12 Behold, I come quickly: and my reward is with me, to render to every, man according to his works. … Scripture reference — Rev. 22:7!; Isaiah: 40:10!; 62:11; 2:23!
13 I am Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. … Scripture reference — Rev. 1:8; 21:6: 1:17: Isaiah: 41:4!
14 Blessed are they that wash their robes in the blood of the Lamb: that they may have a right to the tree of life and may enter in by the gates into the city. Rev. 7:14!; 2:7!
15 Without are dogs and sorcerers and unchaste and murderers and servers of idols and every one that loveth and maketh a lie. … Scripture reference — Rev. 21:8: Gal. 5:19, 20

Final Attestation

16 I, Jesus, have sent my angel, to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and stock of David, the bright and morning star.
17 And the Spirit [3] and the bride say: Come. And he that heareth, let him say: Come. And he that thirsteth, let him come. And he that will, let him take the water of life, freely. … Scripture reference — Rev. 21:6; Isaiah: 55;:1!; Jn. 7:37
18 For I testify to every one that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book: If any man shall add to these things, God shall add unto him the plagues written in this book. … Scripture reference — Proverbs 30:6!
19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from these things that are written in this book. Exodus 32:33!
20 ¶ He that giveth testimony of these things, saith: Surely, I come quickly: Amen. Come, Lord Jesus. [4] … Scripture reference — Rev. 22:7!
21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. [5] Amen. … Scripture reference — 2Cor. 13:13!; 2Thess. 3:18; Titus 3:15
(DRV)

[1] – Ver. 7. I come quickly: these are the words of Christ and confirm the declaration of the last verse. He will come quickly but the precise time is not determined. “One day with the Lord is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day!” {2 Pet. 3, 8}
[2] – Ver. 11f. No permission is given to continue in evil. The meaning is that we reap what we sow.
[3] – Ver. 17. The Spirit: the Holy Spirit. The bride: the Church of Christ.
[4] – Ver. 20. I come quickly: the words are Christ’s, now repeated for the seventh time.
[5] – Ver. 21. The Greek Codex Sinaiticus has, “The grace of the Lord Jesus be with the saints.

Further Scripture References

Revelation 1

Heb:4:
1 ¶ Let us fear therefore lest, the promise being left of entering into his rest, any of you should be thought to be wanting.
2 For unto us also it hath been declared in like manner as unto them. But the word of hearing did not profit them, not being mixed with faith of those things they heard.
3 For we, who have believed, shall enter into rest; as he said: As I have sworn in my wrath: If they shall enter into my rest; and this indeed when the works from the foundation of the world were finished.
4 For in a certain place he spoke of the seventh day thus: And God rested the seventh day from all his works.
5 And in this place again: If they shall enter into my rest.
6 Seeing then it remaineth that some are to enter into it, and they to whom it was first preached did not enter because of unbelief:
7 Again he limiteth a certain day, saying in David; To day, after so long a time as it is above said: To day if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8 For if Jesus had given them rest he would never have afterwards spoken of another day.
9 There remaineth therefore a day of rest for the people of God.
10 For he that is entered into his rest, the same also hath rested from his works, as God did from his.
11 ¶ Let us hasten therefore to enter into that rest: lest any man fall into the same example of unbelief.
12 For the word of God is living and effectual and more piercing than any two edged sword; and reaching unto the division of the soul and the spirit, of the joints also and the marrow: and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
13 Neither is there any creature invisible in his sight: but all things are naked and open to his eyes, to whom our speech is.
14 Having therefore a great high priest that hath passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God: let us hold fast our confession.
15 For we have not a high priest who cannot have compassion on our infirmities: but one tempted in all things like as we are, without sin.
16 Let us go therefore with confidence to the throne of grace: that we may obtain mercy and find grace in seasonable aid.
(DRV)

Revelation 2

Mk:1:
1 ¶ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
2 As it is written in Isaias the prophet: Behold I send my angel before thy face, who shall prepare the way before thee.
3 A voice of one crying in the desert: Prepare ye the way of the Lord; make straight his paths.
4 John was in the desert, baptizing and preaching the baptism of penance, unto remission of sins.
5 And there went out to him all the country of Judea and all they of Jerusalem and were baptized by him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.
6 And John was clothed camel’s hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins: and he ate locusts and wild honey.
7 And he preached, saying: There cometh after me one mightier than I, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and loose.
8 I have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.
9 ¶ And it came to pass, in those days, Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in Jordan.
10 And forthwith coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens open and the Spirit as a dove descending and remaining on him.
11 And there came a voice from heaven: Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
12 And immediately the Spirit drove him out into the desert.
13 And he was in the desert forty days and forty nights, and was tempted by Satan. And he was with beasts: and the angels ministered to him.
14 ¶ And after that John was delivered up, Jesus came in Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,
15 And saying: The time is accomplished and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent and believe the gospel:
16 And passing by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother, casting nets into the sea for they were fishermen.
17 And Jesus said to them: Come after me; and I will make you to become fishers of men.
18 And immediately leaving their nets, they followed him.
19 And going on from thence a little farther, he saw James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, who also were mending their nets in the ship:
20 And forthwith he called them. And leaving their father Zebedee in the ship with his hired men, they followed him.
21 And they entered into Capharnaum: and forthwith upon the sabbath days going into the synagogue, he taught them.
22 And they were astonished at his doctrine. For he was teaching them as one having power, and not as the scribes.
23 ¶ And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,
24 Saying: What have we to do with thee, Jesus of Nazareth? Art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, the Holy One of God.
25 And Jesus threatened him, saying: Speak no more, and go out of the man.
26 And the unclean spirit, tearing him and crying out with a loud voice, went out of him.
27 And they were all amazed insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying: What thing is this? What is this new doctrine? For with power he commandeth even the unclean spirits: and they obey him.
28 And the fame of him was spread forthwith into all the country of Galilee.
29 ¶ And immediately going out of the synagogue they came into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
30 And Simon’s wife’s mother lay in a fit of a fever: and forthwith they tell him of her.
31 And coming to her, he lifted her up, taking her by the hand; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them.
32 And when it was evening, after sunset, they brought to him all that were ill and that were possessed with devils.
33 And all the city was gathered together at the door.
34 And he healed many that were troubled with divers diseases. And he cast out many devils: and he suffered them not to speak, because they knew him.
35 And rising very early, going out, he went into a desert place: and there he prayed.
36 And Simon and they that were with him followed after him.
37 And when they had found him, they said to him: All seek for thee.
38 And he saith to them: Let us go into the neighbouring towns and cities, that I may preach there also; for to this purpose am I come.
39 And he was preaching in their synagogues and in all Galilee and casting out devils.
40 ¶ And there came a leper to him, beseeching him and kneeling down, said to him: If thou wilt thou canst make me clean.
41 And Jesus, having compassion on him, stretched forth his hand and touching him saith to him: I will. Be thou made clean.
42 And when he had spoken, immediately the leprosy departed from him: and he was made clean.
43 And he strictly charged him and forthwith sent him away.
44 And he saith to him: See thou tell no one; but go, shew thyself to the high priest and offer for thy cleansing the things that Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.
45 But he being gone out, began to publish and to blaze abroad the word: so that he could not openly go into the city. but was without in desert places. And they flocked to him from all sides.
(DRV)

Revelation 3Lk:3:
1 ¶ Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and Philip his brother tetrarch of Iturea and the country of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilina:
2 Under the high priests Anna and Caiphas: the word of the Lord was made unto John, the son of Zachary, in the desert.
3 And he came into all the country about the Jordan, preaching the baptism of penance for the remission of sins.
4 As it was written in the book of the sayings of Isaias the prophet: A voice of one crying in the wilderness: Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight his paths.
5 Every valley shall be filled and every mountain and hill shall be brought low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways plain.
6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.
7 He said therefore to the multitudes that went forth to be baptized by him: Ye offspring of vipers, who hath shewed you to flee from the wrath to come?
8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of penance: and do not begin to say, We have Abraham for our father. For I say unto you that God is able of these stones, to raise up children to Abraham.
9 For now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be cut down and cast into the fire.
10 And the people asked him, saying: What then shall we do?
11 And he answering, said to them: He that hath two coats, let him give to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do in like manner.
12 And the publicans also came to be baptized and said to him: Master, what shall we do?
13 But he said to them: Do nothing more than that which is appointed you.
14 And the soldiers also asked him, saying: And what shall we do? And he said to them: Do violence to no man, neither calumniate any man; and be content with your pay.
15 ¶ And as the people were of opinion, and all were thinking in their hearts of John, that perhaps he might be the Christ:
16 John answered, saying unto all: I indeed baptize you with water: but there shall come one mightier than I, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to loose. He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire;
17 Whose fan is in his hand: and he will purge his floor and will gather the wheat into his barn: but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.
18 And many other things exhorting did he preach to the people.
19 But Herod the tetrarch, when he was reproved by him for Herodias, his brother’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done:
20 He added this also above all and shut up John in prison.
21 ¶ Now it came to pass, when all the people were baptized, that Jesus also being baptized and praying, heaven was opened.
22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape, as a dove, upon him. And a voice came from heaven: Thou art my beloved Son. In thee I am well pleased.
23 And Jesus himself was beginning about the age of thirty years: being (as it was supposed) the son of Joseph, who was of Heli, who was of Mathat,
24 Who was of Levi, who was of Melchi. who was of Janne, who was of Joseph,
25 Who was of Mathathias, who was of Amos, who was of Nahum, who was of Hesli, who was of Nagge,
26 Who was of Mahath, who was of Mathathias, who was of Semei, who was of Joseph, who was of Juda,
27 Who was of Joanna, who was of Reza, who was of Zorobabel, who was of Salathiel, who was of Neri,
28 Who was of Melchi, who was of Addi, who was of Cosan, who was of Helmadan, who was of Her,
29 Who was of Jesus, who was of Eliezer, who was of Jorim, who was of Mathat, who was of Levi,
30 Who was of Simeon, who was of Judas, who was of Joseph, who was of Jona, who was of Eliakim,
31 Who was of Melea, who was of Menna, who was of Mathatha, who was of Nathan, who was of David,
32 Who was of Jesse, who was of Obed, who was of Booz, who was of Salmon, who was of Naasson,
33 Who was of Aminadab, who was of Aram, who was of Esron, who was of Phares, who was of Judas,
34 Who was of Jacob, who was of Isaac, who was of Abraham, who was of Thare, who was of Nachor,
35 Who was of Sarug, who was of Ragau, who was of Phaleg, who was of Heber, who was of Sale,
36 Who was of Cainan, who was of Arphaxad, who was of Sem, who was Of Noe, who was of Lamech,
37 Who was of Mathusale, who was of Henoch, who was of Jared, who was of Malaleel, who was of Cainan,
38 Who was of Henos, who was of Seth, who was of Adam, who was of God.
(DRV)

Revelation 4

Ezekiel:1:
1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, when I was in the midst of the captives by the river Chobar, the heavens were opened, and I saw the visions of God.
2 On the fifth day of the month, the same was the fifth year of the captivity of king Joachin,
3 The word of the Lord came to Ezechiel the priest the son of Buzi in the land of the Chaldeans, by the river Chobar: and the hand of the Lord was there upon him.
4 ¶ And I saw, and behold a whirlwind came out of the north: and a great cloud, and a fire infolding it, and brightness was about it: and out of the midst thereof, that is, out of the midst of the fire, as it were the resemblance of amber:
5 And in the midst thereof the likeness of four living creatures: and this was their appearance: there was the likeness of a man in them.
6 Every one had four faces, and every one four wings.
7 Their feet were straight feet, and the sole of their foot was like the sole of a calf’s foot, and they sparkled like the appearance of glowing brass.
8 And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides: and they had faces, and wings on the four sides,
9 And the wings of one were joined to the wings of another. They turned not when they went: but every one went straight forward.
10 And as for the likeness of their faces: there was the face of a man, and the face of a lion on the right side of all the four: and the face of an ox, on the left side of all the four: and the face of an eagle over all the four.
11 And their faces, and their wings were stretched upward: two wings of every one were joined, and two covered their bodies:
12 And every one of them went straight forward: whither the impulse of the spirit was to go, thither they went: and they turned not when they went.
13 And as for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like that of burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps. This was the vision running to and fro in the midst of the living creatures, a bright fire, and lightning going forth from the fire.
14 And the living creatures ran and returned like flashes of lightning.
15 ¶ Now as I beheld the living creatures, there appeared upon the earth by the living creatures one wheel with four faces.
16 And the appearance of the wheels, and the work of them was like the appearance of the sea: and the four had all one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the midst of a wheel.
17 When they went, they went by their four parts: and they turned not when they went.
18 The wheels had also a size, and a height, and a dreadful appearance: and the whole body was full of eyes round about all the four.
19 And, when the living creatures went, the wheels also went together by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels also were lifted up with them.
20 Whithersoever the spirit went, thither as the spirit went the wheels also were lifted up withal, and followed it: for the spirit of life was in the wheels.
21 When those went these went, and when those stood these stood, and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up together, and followed them: for the spirit of life was in the wheels.
22 And over the heads of the living creatures was the likeness of the firmament, the appearance of crystal terrible to behold, and stretched out over their heads above.
23 And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other, every one with two wings covered his body, and the other was covered in like manner.
24 And I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of many waters, as it were the voice of the most high God: when they walked, it was like the voice of a multitude, like the noise of an army, and when they stood, their wings were let down.
25 For when a voice came from above the firmament, that was over their heads, they stood, and let down their wings.
26 ¶ And above the firmament that was over their heads, was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of the sapphire stone, and upon the likeness of the throne, was the likeness of the appearance of a man above upon it.
27 And I saw as it were the resemblance of amber as the appearance of fire within it round about: from his loins and upward, and from his loins downward, I saw as it were the resemblance of fire shining round about.
28 As the appearance of the rainbow when it is in a cloud on a rainy day: this was the appearance of the brightness round about.
(DRV)

Revelation 5

Jn:1:
1 ¶ In the beginning was the Word: and the Word was with God: and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
3 All things were made by him: and without him was made nothing that was made.
4 In him was life: and the life was the light of men.
5 ¶ And the light shineth in darkness: and the darkness did not comprehend it.
6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
7 This man came for a witness, to give testimony of the light, that all men might believe through him.
8 He was not the light, but was to give testimony of the light.
9 That was the true light, which enlighteneth every man that cometh into this world.
10 He was in the world: and the world was made by him: and the world knew him not.
11 He came unto his own: and his own received him not.
12 But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
13 Who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
14 And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us (and we saw his glory, the glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth.
15 ¶ John beareth witness of him and crieth out, saying: This was he of whom I spoke: He that shall come after me is preferred before me: because he was before me.
16 And of his fulness we all have received: and grace for grace.
17 For the law was given by Moses: grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
18 No man hath seen God at any time: the only begotten Son who is in the Bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
19 ¶ And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent from Jerusalem priests and Levites to him, to ask him: Who art thou?
20 And he confessed and did not deny: and he confessed: I am not the Christ.
21 And they asked him: What then? Art thou Elias? And he said: I am not. Art thou the prophet? And he answered: No.
22 They said therefore unto him: Who art thou, that we may give an answer to them that sent us? What sayest thou of thyself?
23 He said: I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Isaias.
24 And they that were sent were of the Pharisees.
25 And they asked him and said to him: Why then dost thou baptize, if thou be not Christ, nor Elias, nor the prophet?
26 John answered them, saying: I baptize with water: but there hath stood one in the midst of you, whom you know not.
27 The same is he that shall come after me, who is preferred before me: the latchet of whose shoe I am not worthy to loose.
28 These things were done in Bethania, beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.
29 ¶ The next day, John saw Jesus coming to him; and he saith: Behold the Lamb of God. Behold him who taketh away the sin of the world.
30 This is he of whom I said: After me there cometh a man, who is preferred before me: because he was before me.
31 And I knew him not: but that he may be made manifest in Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
32 And John gave testimony, saying: I saw the Spirit coming down, as a dove from heaven; and he remained upon him.
33 And I knew him not: but he who sent me to baptize with water said to me: He upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining upon him, he it is that baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
34 And I saw: and I gave testimony that this is the Son of God.
35 The next day again John stood and two of his disciples.
36 And beholding Jesus walking, he saith: Behold the Lamb of God.
37 ¶ And the two disciples heard him speak: and they followed Jesus.
38 And Jesus turning and seeing them following him, saith to them: What seek you? Who said to him: Rabbi (which is to say, being interpreted, Master), where dwellest thou?
39 He saith to them: Come and see. They came and saw where he abode: and they stayed with him that day. Now it was about the tenth hour.
40 And Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who had heard of John and followed him.
41 He findeth first his brother Simon and saith to him: We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
42 And he brought him to Jesus. And Jesus looking upon him, said: Thou art Simon the son of Jona. Thou shalt be called Cephas, which is interpreted Peter.
43 ¶ On the following day, he would go forth into Galilee: and he findeth Philip, And Jesus saith to him: follow me.
44 Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.
45 Philip findeth Nathanael and saith to him: We have found him of whom Moses, in the law and the prophets did write, Jesus the son of Joseph of Nazareth.
46 And Nathanael said to him: Can any thing of good come from Nazareth? Philip saith to him: Come and see.
47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him and he saith of him: Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile.
48 Nathanael saith to him: Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said to him: Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
49 Nathanael answered him and said: Rabbi: Thou art the Son of God. Thou art the King of Israel.
50 Jesus answered and said to him: Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, thou believest: greater things than these shalt thou see.
51 And he saith to him: Amen, amen, I say to you, you shall see the heaven opened and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.
(DRV)

Revelation 6

Mk:13:
1 ¶ And as he was going out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him: Master, behold what manner of stones and what buildings are here.
2 And Jesus answering, said to him: Seest thou all these great buildings? There shall not be left a stone upon a stone, that shall not be thrown down.
3 And as he sat on the mount of Olivet over against the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him apart:
4 Tell us, when shall these things be and what shall be the sign when all these things shall begin to be fulfilled?
5 ¶ And Jesus answering, began to say to them: Take heed lest any man deceive you.
6 For many shall come in my name saying, I am he: and they shall deceive many.
7 And when you shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, fear ye not. For such things must needs be: but the end is not yet.
8 For nation shall rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be earthquakes in divers places and famines. These things are the beginning of sorrows.
9 But look to yourselves. For they shall deliver you Up to councils: and in the synagogues you shall be beaten: and you shall stand before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony unto them.
10 And unto all nations the gospel must first be preached.
11 And when they shall lead you and deliver you up, be not thoughtful beforehand what you shall speak: but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye. For it is not you that speak, but the Holy Ghost.
12 And the brother shall betray his brother unto death, and the father his son; and children shall rise up against their parents and shall work their death.
13 And you shall be hated by all men for my name’s sake. But he that shall endure unto the end, he shall be saved.
14 ¶ And when you shall see the abomination of desolation, standing where it ought not (he that readeth let him understand): then let them that are in Judea flee unto the mountains.
15 And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house nor enter therein to take any thing out of the house.
16 And let him that shall be in the field not turn back to take up his garment.
17 And woe to them that are with child and that give suck in those days.
18 But pray ye that these things happen not in winter.
19 For in those days shall be such tribulations as were not from the beginning of the creation which God created until now: neither shall be.
20 And unless the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh should be saved: but, for the sake of the elect which he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.
21 And then if any man shall say to you: Lo, here is Christ. Lo, he is here: do not believe.
22 For there will rise up false Christs and false prophets: and they shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce (if it were possible) even the elect.
23 Take you heed therefore: behold, I have foretold you all things.
24 ¶ But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened and the moon shall not give her light.
25 And the stars of heaven shall be falling down and the powers that are in heaven shall be moved.
26 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds, with great power and glory.
27 And then shall he send his angels and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven.
28 ¶ Now of the fig tree learn ye a parable. When the branch thereof is now tender and the leaves are come forth, you know that summer is very near.
29 So you also when you shall see these things come to pass, know ye that it is very nigh, even at the doors.
30 Amen, I say to you that this generation shall not pass until all these things be done.
31 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my word shall not pass away.
32 But of that day or hour no man knoweth, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but the Father.
33 Take ye heed, watch and pray. For ye know not when the time is.
34 Even as a man who, going into a far country, left his house and gave authority to his servants over every work and commanded the porter to watch.
35 Watch ye therefore (for you know not when the lord of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cock crowing, or in the morning):
36 Lest coming on a sudden, he find you sleeping.
37 And what I say to you, I say to all: Watch.
(DRV)

Revelation 7

Ez:9:
1 ¶ And he cried in my ears with a loud voice, saying: The visitations of the city are at hand, and every one hath a destroying weapon in his hand.
2 And behold six men came from the way of the upper gate, which looketh to the north: and each one had his weapon of destruction in his hand: and there was one man in the midst of them clothed with linen, with a writer’s inkhorn at his reins: and they went in, and stood by the brazen altar.
3 And the glory of the Lord of Israel went up from the cherub, upon which he was, to the threshold of the house: and he called to the man that was clothed with linen, and had a writer’s inkhorn at his loins.
4 And the Lord said to him: Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem: and mark Thau upon the foreheads of the men that sigh, and mourn for all the abominations that are committed in the midst thereof.
5 ¶ And to the others he said in my hearing: Go ye after him through the city, and strike: let not your eyes spare, nor be ye moved with pity.
6 Utterly destroy old and young, maidens, children and women: but upon whomsoever you shall see Thau, kill him not, and begin ye at my sanctuary. So they began at the ancient men who were before the house.
7 And he said to them: Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go ye forth. And they went forth, and slew them that were in the city.
8 And the slaughter being ended I was left; and I fell upon my face, and crying, I said: Alas, alas, alas, O Lord God, wilt thou then destroy all the remnant of Israel, by pouring out thy fury upon Jerusalem?
9 And he said to me: The iniquity of the house of Israel, and of Juda, is exceeding great, and the land is filled with blood, and the city is filled with perverseness: for they have said: The Lord hath forsaken the earth, and the Lord seeth not.
10 Therefore neither shall my eye spare, nor will I have pity: I will requite their way upon their head.
11 And behold the man that was clothed with linen, that had the inkhorn at his back, returned the word, saying: I have done as thou hast commanded me.
(DRV)

Ex:25:12:
12 And four golden rings, which thou shalt put at the four corners of the ark: let two rings be on the one side, and two on the other. (DRV)

Ex:25:26:
26 Thou shalt prepare also four golden rings, and shalt put them in the four corners of the same table, over each foot. (DRV)

Ex:27:2:
2 And there shall be horns at the four corners of the same: and thou shalt cover it with brass. (DRV)

Ex:27:4:
4 And a grate of brass in manner of a net; at the four corners of which, shall be four rings of brass, (DRV)

Ex:37:3:
3 Casting four rings of gold at the four corners thereof: two rings in one side, and two in the other. (DRV)

Ex:37:13:
13 And he cast four rings of gold, which he put in the four corners at each foot of the table, (DRV)

Ex:37:25:
25 ¶ He made also the altar of incense of setim wood, being a cubit on every side foursquare, and in height two cubits: from the corners of which went out horns. (DRV)

Dt:22:12:
12 Thou shalt make strings in the hem at the four corners of thy cloak, wherewith thou shalt be covered. (DRV)

1Kgs:7:32:
32 And the four wheels, which were at the four corners of the base, were joined one to another under the base: the height of a wheel was a cubit and a half. (DRV)

Jb:1:19:
19 A violent wind came on a sudden from the side of the desert, and shook the four corners of the house, and it fell upon thy children, and they are dead: and I alone have escaped to tell thee. (DRV)

Ez:43:17:
17 And the brim was fourteen cubits long, and fourteen cubits broad in the four corners thereof: and the crown round about it was half a cubit, and the bottom of it one cubit round about: and its steps turned toward the east. (DRV)

Ez:43:20:
20 And thou shalt take of his blood, and shalt put it upon the four horns thereof, and upon the four corners of the brim, and upon the crown round about: and thou shalt cleanse, and expiate it. (DRV)

Ez:45:19:
19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering: and he shall put it on the posts of the house, and on the four corners of the brim of the altar, and oil the posts of the gate of the inner court. (DRV)

Ez:46:21:
21 And he brought me into the outward court, and he led me about by the four corners of the court: and behold there was a little court in the corner of the court, to every corner of the court there was a little court. (DRV)

Ez:46:22:
22 In the four corners of the court were little courts disposed, forty cubits long, and thirty broad, all the four were of one measure. (DRV)

Mt:24:31:
31 And he shall send his angels with a trumpet and a great voice: and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the farthest parts of the heavens to the utmost bounds of them. (DRV)

Mk:13:27:
27 And then shall he send his angels and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven. (DRV)

Revelation 8

Ex:9:23:
23 And Moses stretched forth his rod towards heaven, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and lightnings running along the ground: and the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt. (DRV)

Ps:18:14:
14 (17-15) And he sent forth his arrows, and he scattered them: he multiplied lightnings, and troubled them. (DRV)

Ps:77:18:
18 (76-19) The voice of thy thunder in a wheel. Thy lightnings enlightened the world: the earth shook and trembled. (DRV)

Ps:97:4:
4 (96-4) His lightnings have shone forth to the world: the earth saw and trembled. (DRV)

Ps:135:7:
7 (134-7) He bringeth up clouds from the end of the earth: he hath made lightnings for the rain. He bringeth forth winds out of his stores: (DRV)

Jer:10:
1 ¶ Hear ye the word which the Lord hath spoken concerning you, O house of Israel.
2 Thus saith the Lord: Learn not according to the ways of the Gentiles: and be not afraid of the signs of heaven, which the heathens fear:
3 For the laws of the people are vain: for the works of the hand of the workman hath cut a tree out of the forest with an axe.
4 He hath decked it with silver and gold: he hath put it together with nails and hammers, that it may not fall asunder.
5 They are framed after the likeness of a palm tree, and shall not speak: they must be carried to be removed, because they cannot go. Therefore fear them not, for they can neither do evil nor good.
6 There is none like to thee, O Lord: thou art great, and great is thy name in might.
7 Who shall not fear thee, O king of nations? for thine is the glory: among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms there is none like unto thee.
8 They shall be all proved together to be senseless and foolish: the doctrine of their vanity is wood.
9 Silver spread into plates is brought from Tharsis, and gold from Ophaz: the work of the artificer, and of the hand of the coppersmith: violet and purple is their clothing: all these things are the work of artificers.
10 But the Lord is the true God: he is the living God, and the everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his threatening.
11 Thus then shall you say to them: The gods that have not made heaven and earth, let them perish from the earth, and from among those places that are under heaven.
12 He that maketh the earth by his power, that prepareth the world by his wisdom, and stretcheth out the heavens by his knowledge.
13 At his voice he giveth a multitude of waters in the heaven, and lifteth up the clouds from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings for rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
14 Every man is become a fool for knowledge, every artist is confounded in his graven idol: for what he hath cast is false, and there is no spirit in them.
15 They are vain things, and a ridiculous work: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
16 The portion of Jacob is not like these: for it is he who formed all things: and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: the Lord of hosts is his name.
17 ¶ Gather up thy shame out of the land, thou that dwellest in a siege.
18 For thus saith he Lord: Behold I will cast away far off the inhabitants of the land at this time: and I will afflict them, so that they may be found.
19 Woe is me for my destruction, my wound is very grievous. But I said: Truly this is my own evil, and I will bear it.
20 My tabernacle is laid waste, all my cords are broken: my children are gone out from me, and they are not: there is none to stretch forth my tent any more, and to set up my curtains.
21 Because the pastors have done foolishly, and have not sought the Lord: therefore have they not understood, and all their flock is scattered.
22 Behold the sound of a noise cometh, a great commotion out of the land of the north: to make the cities of Juda a desert, and a dwelling for dragons.
23 I know, O Lord, that the way of a man is not his: neither is it in a man to walk, and to direct his steps.
24 Correct me, O Lord, but yet with judgment: and not in thy fury, lest thou bring me to nothing.
25 Pour out thy indignation upon the nations that have not known thee, and upon the provinces that have not called upon thy name: because they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, and have destroyed his glory.
(DRV)

Revelation 9

Jer:46:10:
10 For this is the day of the Lord the God of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may revenge himself of his enemies: the sword shall devour, and shall be filled, and shall be drunk with their blood: for there is a sacrifice of the Lord God of hosts in the north country, by the river Euphrates. (DRV)

Is:13:20:
20 It shall no more be inhabited for ever, and it shall not be founded unto generation and generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch his tents there, nor shall shepherds rest there. (DRV)

Is:14:
4 ¶ Thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and shalt say: How is the oppressor come to nothing, the tribute hath ceased?
5 The Lord hath broken the staff of the wicked, the rod of the rulers,
6 That struck the people in wrath with an incurable wound, that brought nations under in fury, that persecuted in a cruel manner.
7 The whole earth is quiet and still, it is glad and hath rejoiced.
8 The fir trees also have rejoiced over thee, and the cedars of Libanus, saying: Since thou hast slept, there hath none come up to cut us down.
9 Hell below was in an uproar to meet thee at thy coming, it stirred up the giants for thee. All the princes of the earth are risen up from their thrones, all the princes of nations.
10 All shall answer, and say to thee: Thou also art wounded as well as we, thou art become like unto us.
11 Thy pride is brought down to hell, thy carcass is fallen down: under thee shall the moth be strewed, and worms shall be thy covering.
12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, who didst rise in the morning? how art thou fallen to the earth, that didst wound the nations?
13 And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
14 I will ascend above the height of the clouds, I will be like the most High.
15 But yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, into the depth of the pit.
16 They that shall see thee, shall turn toward thee, and behold thee. Is this the man that troubled the earth, that shook kingdoms,
17 That made the world a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof, that opened not the prison to his prisoners?
18 All the kings of the nations have all of them slept in glory, every one in his own house.
19 But thou art cast out of thy grave, as an unprofitable branch defiled, and wrapped up among them that were slain by the sword, and art gone down to the bottom of the pit, as a rotten carcass.
20 Thou shalt not keep company with them, even in burial: for thou hast destroyed thy land, thou hast slain thy people: the seed of the wicked shall not be named for ever.
21 Prepare his children for slaughter for the iniquity of their fathers: they shall not rise up, nor inherit the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.
22 And I will rise up against them, saith the Lord of hosts: and I will destroy the name of Babylon, and the remains, and the bud, and the offspring, saith the Lord.
23 And I will make it a possession for the ericius and pools of waters, and I will sweep it and wear it out with a besom, saith the Lord of hosts.
24 ¶ The Lord of hosts hath sworn, saying: Surely as I have thought, so shall it be: and as I have purposed,
25 So shall it fall out: That I will destroy the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: and his yoke shall be taken away from them, and his burden shall be taken off their shoulder.
26 This is the counsel, that I have purposed upon all the earth, and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all nations.
27 For the Lord of hosts hath decreed, and who can disannul it? and his hand is stretched out: and who shall turn it away?
28 In the year that king Achaz died, was this burden:
29 Rejoice not thou, whole Philistia, that the rod of him that struck thee is broken in pieces: for out of the root of the serpent shall come forth a basilisk, and his seed shall swallow the bird.
30 And the firstborn of the poor shall be fed, and the poor shall rest with confidence: and I will make thy root perish with famine, and I will kill thy remnant.
31 Howl, O gate; cry, O city: all Philistia is thrown down: for a smoke shall come from the north, and there is none that shall escape his troop.
32 And what shall be answered to the messengers of the nations? That the Lord hath founded Sion, and the poor of his people shall hope in him.
(DRV)

Ez:5:11:
11 Therefore as I live, saith the Lord God: Because thou hast violated my sanctuary with all thy offences, and with all thy abominations: I will also break thee in pieces, and my eye shall not spare, and I will not have any pity. (DRV)

Revelation 10

Mt:13:
1 ¶ The same day Jesus going out of the house, sat by the sea side.
2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went up into a boat and sat: and all the multitude stood on the shore.
3 And he spoke to them many things in parables, saying: Behold the sower went forth to sow.
4 And whilst he soweth some fell by the way side, and the birds of the air came and ate them up.
5 And other some fell upon stony ground, where they had not much earth: and they sprung up immediately, because they had no deepness of earth.
6 And when the sun was up they were scorched: and because they had not root, they withered away.
7 And others fell among thorns: and the thorns grew up and choked them.
8 And others fell upon good ground: and they brought forth fruit, some an hundred fold, some sixty fold, and some thirty fold.
9 He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10 And his disciples came and said to him: Why speakest thou to them in parables?
11 Who answered and said to them: Because to you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven: but to them it is not given.
12 For he that hath, to him shall be given, and he shall abound: but he that hath not, from him shall be taken away that also which he hath.
13 Therefore do I speak to them in parables: because seeing they see not, and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
14 And the prophecy of Isaias is fulfilled in them, who saith: By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand: and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive.
15 For the heart of this people is grown gross, and with their ears they have been dull of hearing, and their eyes they have shut: lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
16 But blessed are your eyes, because they see, and your ears, because they hear.
17 For, amen, I say to you, many prophets and just men have desired to see the things that you see, and have not seen them: and to hear the things that you hear and have not heard them.
18 Hear you therefore the parable of the sower.
19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, there cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart: this is he that received the seed by the way side.
20 And he that received the seed upon stony ground, is he that heareth the word, and immediately receiveth it with joy.
21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but is only for a time: and when there ariseth tribulation and persecution because of the word, he is presently scandalized.
22 And he that received the seed among thorns, is he that heareth the word, and the care of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choketh up the word, and he becometh fruitless.
23 But he that received the seed upon good ground, is he that heareth the word, and understandeth, and beareth fruit, and yieldeth the one an hundredfold, and another sixty, and another thirty.
24 ¶ Another parable he proposed to them, saying: The kingdom of heaven is likened to a man that sowed good seed in his field.
25 But while men were asleep, his enemy came and oversowed cockle among the wheat and went his way.
26 And when the blade was sprung up, and had brought forth fruit, then appeared also the cockle.
27 And the servants of the good man of the house coming said to him. Sir, didst thou not sow good seed in thy field? Whence then hath it cockle?
28 And he said to them: An enemy hath done this. And the servants said to him: Wilt thou that we go and gather it up?
29 And he said: No, lest perhaps gathering up the cockle, you root up the wheat also together with it.
30 Suffer both to grow until the harvest, and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers: Gather up first the cockle, and bind it into bundles to burn, but the wheat gather ye into my barn.
31 Another parable he proposed unto them, saying: The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field.
32 Which is the least indeed of all seeds; but when it is grown up, it is greater than all herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come, and dwell in the branches thereof.
33 Another parable he spoke to them: The kingdom of heaven is like to leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, until the whole was leavened.
34 All these things Jesus spoke in parables to the multitudes: and without parables he did not speak to them.
35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.
36 Then having sent away the multitudes, he came into the house, and his disciples came to him, saying: Expound to us the parable of the cockle of the field.
37 Who made answer and said to them: He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man.
38 And the field is the world. And the good seed are the children of the kingdom. And the cockle are the children of the wicked one.
39 And the enemy that sowed them, is the devil. But the harvest is the end of the world. And the reapers are the angels.
40 Even as cockle therefore is gathered up, and burnt with fire: so shall it be at the end of the world.
41 The Son of man shall send his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all scandals, and them that work iniquity.
42 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
43 Then shall the just shine as the sun, in the kingdom of their Father. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
44 ¶ The kingdom of heaven is like unto a treasure hidden in a field. Which a man having found, hid it, and for joy thereof goeth, and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
45 Again the kingdom of heaven is like to a merchant seeking good pearls.
46 Who when he had found one pearl of great price, went his way, and sold all that he had, and bought it.
47 Again the kingdom of heaven is like to a net cast into the sea, and gathering together of all kinds of fishes.
48 Which, when it was filled, they drew out, and sitting by the shore, they chose out the good into vessels, but the bad they cast forth.
49 So shall it be at the end of the world. The angels shall go out, and shall separate the wicked from among the just.
50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
51 Have ye understood all these things? They say to him: Yes.
52 He said unto them: Therefore every scribe instructed in the kingdom of heaven, is like to a man that is a householder, who bringeth forth out of his treasure new things and old.
53 ¶ And it came to pass: when Jesus had finished these parables, he passed from thence.
54 And coming into his own country, he taught them in their synagogues, so that they wondered and said: How came this man by this wisdom and miracles?
55 Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary, and his brethren James, and Joseph, and Simon, and Jude:
56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence therefore hath he all these things?
57 And they were scandalized in his regard. But Jesus said to them: A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
58 And he wrought not many miracles there, because of their unbelief.
(DRV)

Revelation 11

Mt:12:6:
6 But I tell you that there is here a greater than the temple. (DRV)

Heb:11:5:
5 By faith Henoch was translated that he should not see death: and he was not found because God had translated him. For before his translation he had testimony that he pleased God. (DRV)

Mt:17:11:
11 But he answering, said to them: Elias indeed shall come, and restore all things. (DRV)

Revelation 12

Mt:4:10:
10 Then Jesus saith to him: Begone, Satan: for it is written: The Lord thy God shalt thou adore, and him only shalt thou serve. (DRV)

2Cor:11:14:
14 And no wonder: for Satan himself transformeth himself into an angel of light. (DRV)

Lk:10:18:
18 And he said to them: I saw Satan like lightning falling from heaven. (DRV)

Rom:16:20:
20 And the God of peace crush Satan under your feet speedily. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. (DRV)

Lk:10:19:
19 Behold, I have given you power to tread upon serpents and scorpions and upon all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall hurt you. (DRV)

1Cor:10:9:
9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them tempted and perished by the serpent. (DRV)

Rv:20:2:
2 And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. (DRV)

2Thes:2:9:
9 Whose coming is according to the working of Satan, in all power and signs and lying wonders: (DRV)

Rv:20:7:
7 And when the thousand years shall be finished, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison and shall go forth and seduce the nations which are over the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog: and shall gather them together to battle, the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. (DRV)

Revelation 13

Mt:7:
6 Give not that which is holy to dogs; neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest perhaps they trample them under their feet, and turning upon you, they tear you.
7 ¶ Ask, and it shall be given you: seek, and you shall find: knock, and it shall be opened to you.
8 For every one that asketh, receiveth: and he that seeketh, findeth: and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened.
9 Or what man is there among you, of whom if his son shall ask bread, will he reach him a stone?
10 Or if he shall ask him a fish, will he reach him a serpent?
11 If you then being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children: how much more will your Father who is in heaven, give good things to them that ask him?
12 ¶ All things therefore whatsoever you would that men should do to you, do you also to them. For this is the law and the prophets.
13 Enter ye in at the narrow gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way that leadeth to destruction, and many there are who go in thereat.
14 How narrow is the gate, and strait is the way that leadeth to life: and few there are that find it!
15 ¶ Beware of false prophets, who come to you in the clothing of sheep, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
16 By their fruits you shall know them. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit, and the evil tree bringeth forth evil fruit.
18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can an evil tree bring forth good fruit.
19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit, shall be cut down, and shall be cast into the fire.
20 Wherefore by their fruits you shall know them.
21 ¶ Not every one that saith to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doth the will of my Father who is in heaven, he shall enter into the kingdom of heaven.
22 Many will say to me in that day: Lord, Lord, have not we prophesied in thy name, and cast out devils in thy name, and done many miracles in thy name?
23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity.
24 Every one therefore that heareth these my words, and doth them, shall be likened to a wise man that built his house upon a rock,
25 And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell not, for it was founded on a rock.
26 And every one that heareth these my words and doth them not, shall be like a foolish man that built his house upon the sand,
27 And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell, and great was the fall thereof.
28 And it came to pass when Jesus had fully ended these words, the people were in admiration at his doctrine.
29 For he was teaching them as one having power, and not as the scribes and Pharisees.
(DRV)

Revelation 14

Jn:1:29:
29 ¶ The next day, John saw Jesus coming to him; and he saith: Behold the Lamb of God. Behold him who taketh away the sin of the world. (DRV)

Jn:1:36:
36 And beholding Jesus walking, he saith: Behold the Lamb of God. (DRV)

Lk:10:
1 ¶ And after these things, the Lord appointed also other seventy-two. And he sent them two and two before his face into every city and place whither he himself was to come.
2 And he said to them: The harvest indeed is great, but the labourers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that he send labourers into his harvest.
3 Go: Behold I send you as lambs among wolves.
4 Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and salute no man by the way.
5 Into whatever house you enter, first say: Peace be to this house.
6 And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon him: but if not, it shall return to you.
7 And in the same house, remain, eating and drinking such things as they have: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Remove not from house to house.
8 And into what city soever you enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you.
9 And heal the sick that are therein and say to them: The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
10 But into whatsoever city you enter, and they receive you not, going forth into the streets thereof, say:
11 Even the very dust of your city that cleaveth to us, we wipe off against you. Yet know this, that the kingdom of God is at hand.
12 I say to you, it shall be more tolerable at that day for Sodom than for that city.
13 Woe to thee, Corozain! Woe to thee, Bethsaida! For if in Tyre and Sidon had been wrought the mighty works that have been wrought in you, they would have done penance long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
14 But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you.
15 And thou, Capharnaum, which art exalted unto heaven, thou shalt be thrust down to hell.
16 He that heareth you heareth me: and he that despiseth you despiseth me: and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.
17 ¶ And the seventy-two returned with joy, saying: Lord, the devils also are subject to us in thy name.
18 And he said to them: I saw Satan like lightning falling from heaven.
19 Behold, I have given you power to tread upon serpents and scorpions and upon all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall hurt you.
20 But yet rejoice not in this, that spirits are subject unto you: but rejoice in this, that your names are written in heaven.
21 In that same hour, he rejoiced in the Holy Ghost and said: I confess to thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hidden these things from the wise and prudent and hast revealed them to little ones. Yea, Father, for so it hath seemed good in thy sight.
22 All things are delivered to me by my Father. And no one knoweth who the Son is, but the Father: and who the Father is, but the Son and to whom the Son will reveal him.
23 And turning to his disciples, he said: Blessed are the eyes that see the things which you see.
24 For I say to you that many prophets and kings have desired to see the things that you see and have not seen them; and to hear the things that you hear and have not heard them.
25 ¶ And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26 But he said to him: What is written in the law? How readest thou?
27 He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart and with thy whole soul and with all thy strength and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28 And he said to him: Thou hast answered right. This do: and thou shalt live.
29 But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30 And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among robbers, who also stripped him and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31 And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32 In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33 But a certain Samaritan, being on his journey, came near him: and seeing him, was moved with compassion:
34 And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn and took care of him.
35 And the next day he took out two pence and gave to the host and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36 Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37 But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
38 ¶ Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain town: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house.
39 And she had a sister called Mary. who, sitting also at the Lord’s feet, heard his word.
40 But Martha was busy about much serving. Who stood and said: Lord, hast thou no care that my sister hath left me alone to serve? Speak to her therefore, that she help me.
41 And the Lord answering, said to her: Martha, Martha, thou art careful and art troubled about many things:
42 But one thing is necessary. Mary hath chosen the best part, which shall not be taken away from her.
(DRV)

Revelation 15

Lk:1:
28 And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.

30 And the angel said to her: Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found grace with God.
31 Behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb and shalt bring forth a son: and thou shalt call his name Jesus.
32 He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father: and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever.
33 And of his kingdom there shall be no end.

38 And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord: be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
39 ¶ And Mary rising up in those days, went into the hill country with haste into a city of Juda.
40 And she entered into the house of Zachary and saluted Elizabeth.
41 And it came to pass that when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the infant leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost.

46 And Mary said: My soul doth magnify the Lord.
47 And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
48 Because he hath regarded the humility of his handmaid: for behold from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.
49 Because he that is mighty hath done great things to me: and holy is his name.
50 And his mercy is from generation unto generations, to them that fear him.
51 He hath shewed might in his arm: he hath scattered the proud in the conceit of their heart.
52 He hath put down the mighty from their seat and hath exalted the humble.
53 He hath filled the hungry with good things: and the rich he hath sent empty away.
54 He hath received Israel his servant, being mindful of his mercy.
55 As he spoke to our fathers: to Abraham and to his seed for ever.

68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel: because he hath visited and wrought the redemption of his people.
69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation to us, in the house of David his servant.
70 As he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets, who have been from since the beginning of the world.
71 Salvation from our enemies and from the hand of all that hate us.
72 To perform mercy to our fathers and to remember his holy testament.
73 The oath, which he swore to Abraham our father, that he would grant to us.
74 That being delivered from the hand of our enemies, we may serve him without fear:
75 In holiness and justice before him, all our days.
76 And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt, go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways:
77 To give knowledge of salvation to his people, unto the remission of their sins.
78 Through the bowels of the mercy of our God, in which the Orient from on high hath visited us:
79 To enlighten them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death: to direct our feet into the way of peace.
(DRV)

Lk:2:
14 Glory to God in the highest: and on earth peace to men of good will.

21 ¶ And after eight days were accomplished, that the child should be circumcised, his name was called JESUS, which was called by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

29 Now thou dost dismiss thy servant, O Lord, according to thy word in peace:
30 Because my eyes have seen thy salvation,
31 Which thou hast prepared before the face of all peoples:
32 A light to the revelation of the Gentiles and the glory of thy people Israel.
33 And his father and mother were wondering at those things which were spoken concerning him.
34 And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother: Behold this child is set for the fall and for the resurrection of many in Israel and for a sign which shall be spoken against.
(DRV)

Revelation 16

Jn:3:
1 ¶ And there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews.
2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to him: Rabbi, we know that thou art come a teacher from God; for no man can do these signs which thou dost, unless God be with him.
3 Jesus answered and said to him: Amen, amen, I say to thee, unless a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
4 Nicodemus saith to him: How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born again?
5 Jesus answered: Amen, amen, I say to thee, unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh: and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
7 Wonder not that I said to thee: You must be born again.
8 The Spirit breatheth where he will and thou hearest his voice: but thou knowest not whence he cometh and whither he goeth. So is every one that is born of the Spirit.
9 Nicodemus answered and said to him: How can these things be done?
10 Jesus answered and said to him: Art thou a master in Israel, and knowest not these things?
11 Amen, amen, I say to thee that we speak what we know and we testify what we have seen: and you receive not our testimony.
12 If I have spoken to you earthly things, and you believe not: how will you believe, if I shall speak to you heavenly things?
13 And no man hath ascended into heaven, but he that descended from heaven, the Son of man who is in heaven.
14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so must the Son of man be lifted up:
15 That whosoever believeth in him may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son: that whosoever believeth in him may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
17 For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world: but that the world may be saved by him.
18 He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
19 And this is the judgment: Because the light is come into the world and men loved darkness rather than the light: for their works were evil.
20 For every one that doth evil hateth the light and cometh not to the light, that his works may not be reproved.
21 But he that doth truth cometh to the light, that his works may be made manifest: because they are done in God.
22 ¶ After these things, Jesus and his disciples came into the land of Judea: and there he abode with them and baptized.
23 And John also was baptizing in Ennon near Salim: because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized.
24 For John was not yet cast into prison.
25 And there arose a question between some of John’s disciples and the Jews, concerning purification.
26 And they came to John and said to him: Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond the Jordan, to whom thou gavest testimony: behold, he baptizeth and all men come to him.
27 John answered and said: A man cannot receive any thing, unless it be given him from heaven.
28 You yourselves do bear me witness that I said that I am not Christ, but that I am sent before him.
29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, who standeth and heareth Him, rejoiceth with joy because of the bridegroom’s voice. This my joy therefore is fulfilled.
30 He must increase: but I must decrease.
31 He that cometh from above is above all. He that is of the earth, of the earth he is, and of the earth he speaketh. He that cometh from heaven is above all.
32 And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth: and no man receiveth his testimony.
33 He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal that God is true.
34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God doth not give the Spirit by measure.
35 The Father loveth the Son: and he hath given all things into his hand.
36 He that believeth in the Son hath life everlasting: but he that believeth not the Son shall not see life: but the wrath of God abideth on him.
(DRV)

Revelation 17

1Tm:6:
1 ¶ Whosoever are servants under the yoke, let them count their masters worthy of all honour; lest the name of the Lord and his doctrine be blasphemed.
2 But they that have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren; but serve them the rather, because they are faithful and beloved, who are partakers of the benefit. These things teach and exhort.
3 If any man teach otherwise and consent not to the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ and to that doctrine which is according to godliness,
4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and strifes of words; from which arise envies, contentions, blasphemies, evil suspicions,
5 Conflicts of men corrupted in mind and who are destitute of the truth, supposing gain to be godliness.
6 ¶ But godliness with contentment is great gain.
7 For we brought nothing into this world: and certainly we can carry nothing out.
8 But having food and wherewith to be covered, with these we are content.
9 For they that will become rich fall into temptation and into the snare of the devil and into many unprofitable and hurtful desires, which drown men into destruction and perdition.
10 For the desire of money is the root of all evils; which some coveting have erred from the faith and have entangled themselves in many sorrows.
11 But thou, O man of God, fly these things: and pursue justice, godliness, faith, charity, patience, mildness.
12 Fight the good fight of faith. Lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art called and be it confessed a good confession before many witnesses.
13 ¶ I charge thee before God who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus who gave testimony under Pontius Pilate, a good confession:
14 That thou keep the commandment without spot, blameless, unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ,
15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the Blessed and only Mighty, the King of kings and Lord of lords:
16 Who only hath immortality and inhabiteth light inaccessible: whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and empire everlasting. Amen.
17 Charge the rich of this world not to be highminded nor to trust in the uncertainty of riches, but in the living God (who giveth us abundantly all things to enjoy)
18 To do good, to be rich in good work, to give easily, to communicate to others,
19 To lay up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on the true life.
20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding the profane novelties of words and oppositions of knowledge falsely so called.
21 Which some promising, have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen.
(DRV)

Revelation 18

2Cor:6:
1 ¶ And we helping do exhort you that you receive not the grace of God in vain.
2 For he saith: In an accepted time have I heard thee and in the day of salvation have I helped thee. Behold, now is the acceptable time: behold, now is the day of salvation.
3 Giving no offence to any man, that our ministry be not blamed.
4 But in all things let us exhibit ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in tribulation, in necessities, in distresses,
5 In stripes, in prisons, in seditions, in labours, in watchings, in fastings,
6 In chastity, in knowledge, in longsuffering, in sweetness, in the Holy Ghost, in charity unfeigned,
7 In the word of truth, in the power of God: by the armour of justice on the right hand and on the left:
8 By honour and dishonour: by evil report and good report: as deceivers and yet true: as unknown and yet known:
9 As dying and behold we live: as chastised and not killed:
10 As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing: as needy, yet enriching many: as having nothing and possessing all things.
11 ¶ Our mouth is open to you, O ye Corinthians: our heart is enlarged.
12 You are not straitened in us: but in your own bowels you are straitened.
13 But having the same recompense (I speak as to my children): be you also enlarged.
14 Bear not the yoke with unbelievers. For what participation hath justice with injustice? Or what fellowship hath light with darkness?
15 And what concord hath Christ with Belial? Or what part hath the faithful with the unbeliever?
16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? For you are the temple of the living God: as God saith: I will dwell in them and walk among them. And I will be their God: and they shall be my people.
17 Wherefore: Go out from among them and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing:
18 And I will receive you. And will be a Father to you: and you shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
(DRV)

Revelation 19

Mt:26:26:
26 ¶ And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread and blessed and broke and gave to his disciples and said: Take ye and eat. This is my body.
27 And taking the chalice, he gave thanks and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins. (DRV)

Lk:14:
1 ¶ And it came to pass, when Jesus went into the house of one of the Pharisees, on the sabbath day, that they watched him.
2 And behold, there was a certain man before him that had the dropsy.
3 And Jesus answering, spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying: Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
4 But they held their peace. But he taking him, healed him and sent him away.
5 And answering them, he said: Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fall into a pit and will not immediately draw him out, on the sabbath day?
6 And they could not answer him to these things.
7 ¶ And he spoke a parable also to them that were invited, marking how they chose the first seats at the table, saying to them:
8 When thou art invited to a wedding, sit not down in the first place, lest perhaps one more honourable than thou be invited by him:
9 And he that invited thee and him, come and say to thee: Give this man place. And then thou begin with shame to take the lowest place.
10 But when thou art invited, go, sit down in the lowest place; that when he who invited thee cometh, he may say to thee: Friend, go up higher. Then shalt thou have glory before them that sit at table with thee.
11 Because every one that exalteth himself shall be humbled: and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
12 And he said to him also that had invited him: When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends nor thy brethren nor thy kinsmen nor thy neighbours who are rich; lest perhaps they also invite thee again, and a recompense be made to thee.
13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame and the blind.
14 And thou shalt be blessed, because they have not wherewith to make thee recompense: for recompense shall be made thee at the resurrection of the just.
15 ¶ When one of them that sat at table with him had heard these things, he said to him: Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
16 But he said to him: A certain man made a great supper and invited many.
17 And he sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to them that were invited, that they should come: for now all things are ready.
18 And they began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him: I have bought a farm and I must needs go out and see it. I pray thee, hold me excused.
19 And another said: I have bought five yoke of oxen and I go to try them. I pray thee, hold me excused.
20 And another said: I have married a wife; and therefore I cannot come.
21 And the servant returning, told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant: Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city; and bring in hither the poor and the feeble and the blind and the lame.
22 And the servant said: Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded; and yet there is room.
23 And the Lord said to the servant: Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
24 But I say unto you that none of those men that were invited shall taste of my supper.
25 ¶ And there went great multitudes with him. And turning, he said to them:
26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father and mother and wife and children and brethren and sisters, yea and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
27 And whosoever doth not carry his cross and come after me cannot be my disciple.
28 For which of you, having a mind to build a tower, doth not first sit down and reckon the charges that are necessary, whether he have wherewithal to finish it:
29 Lest, after he hath laid the foundation and is not able to finish it, all that see it begin to mock him,
30 Saying: This man began to build and was not able to finish.
31 Or, what king, about to go to make war against another king, doth not first sit down and think whether he be able, with ten thousand, to meet him that, with twenty thousand, cometh against him?
32 Or else, while the other is yet afar off, sending an embassy, he desireth conditions of peace.
33 So likewise every one of you that doth not renounce all that he possesseth cannot be my disciple.
34 Salt is good. But if the salt shall lose its savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned?
35 It is neither profitable for the land nor for the dunghill: but shall be cast out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
(DRV)

Revelation 20

Mt:10:
1 ¶ And having called his twelve disciples together, he gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of diseases, and all manner of infirmities.
2 And the names of the twelve Apostles are these: The first, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother,
3 James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas and Matthew the publican, and James the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus,
4 Simon the Cananean, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
5 ¶ These twelve Jesus sent: commanding them, saying: Go ye not into the way of the Gentiles, and into the city of the Samaritans enter ye not.
6 But go ye rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
7 And going, preach, saying: The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out devils: freely have you received, freely give.
9 Do not possess gold, nor silver, nor money in your purses:
10 Nor scrip for your journey, nor two coats, nor shoes, nor a staff; for the workman is worthy of his meat.
11 And into whatsoever city or town you shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy, and there abide till you go thence.
12 And when you come into the house, salute it, saying: Peace be to this house.
13 And if that house be worthy, your peace shall come upon it; but if it be not worthy, your peace shall return to you.
14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words: going forth out of that house or city shake off the dust from your feet.
15 Amen I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.
16 ¶ Behold I send you as sheep in the midst of wolves. Be ye therefore wise as serpents and simple as doves.
17 But beware of men. For they will deliver you up in councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues.
18 And you shall be brought before governors, and before kings for my sake, for a testimony to them and to the Gentiles:
19 But when they shall deliver you up, take no thought how or what to speak: for it shall be given you in that hour what to speak:
20 For it is not you that speak, but the spirit of your Father that speaketh in you.
21 The brother also shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the son; and the children shall rise up against their parents, and shall put them to death.
22 And you shall be hated by all men for my name’s sake: but he that shall persevere unto the end, he shall be saved.
23 And when they shall persecute you in this city, flee into another. Amen I say to you, you shall not finish all the cities of Israel, till the Son of man come.
24 The disciple is not above the master, nor the servant above his lord.
25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the good man of the house Beelzebub, how much more them of his household?
26 Therefore fear them not. For nothing is covered that shall not be revealed: nor hid, that shall not be known.
27 That which I tell you in the dark, speak ye in the light: and that which you hear in the ear, preach ye upon the housetops.
28 And fear ye not them that kill the body, and are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him that can destroy both soul and body in hell.
29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and not one of them shall fall on the ground without your Father.
30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
31 Fear not therefore: better are you than many sparrows.
32 Every one therefore that shall confess me before men, I will also confess him before my Father who is in heaven.
33 But he that shall deny me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.
34 Do not think that I came to send peace upon earth: I came not to send peace, but the sword.
35 For I came to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
36 And a man’s enemies shall be they of his own household.
37 He that loveth father or mother more than me, is not worthy of me; and he that loveth son or daughter more than me, is not worthy of me.
38 And he that taketh not up his cross, and followeth me, is not worthy of me.
39 He that findeth his life, shall lose it: and he that shall lose his life for me, shall find it.
40 He that receiveth you, receiveth me: and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me.
41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet, shall receive the reward of a prophet: and he that receiveth a just man in the name of a just man, shall receive the reward of a just man.
42 And whosoever shall give to drink to one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, amen I say to you he shall not lose his reward.
(DRV)

Revelation 21

Jn:2:
1 ¶ And the third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: and the mother of Jesus was there.
2 And Jesus also was invited, and his disciples, to the marriage.
3 And the wine failing, the mother of Jesus saith to him: They have no wine.
4 And Jesus saith to her: Woman, what is that to me and to thee? My hour is not yet come.
5 His mother saith to the waiters: Whatsoever he shall say to you, do ye.
6 Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three measures apiece.
7 Jesus saith to them: Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.
8 And Jesus saith to them: Draw out now and carry to the chief steward of the feast. And they carried it.
9 And when the chief steward had tasted the water made wine and knew not whence it was, but the waiters knew who had drawn the water: the chief steward calleth the bridegroom,
10 And saith to him: Every man at first setteth forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse. But thou hast kept the good wine until now.
11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.
12 ¶ After this, he went down to Capharnaum, he and his mother and his brethren and his disciples: and they remained there not many days.
13 And the pasch of the Jews was at hand: and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
14 And he found in the temple them that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting.
15 And when he had made, as it were, a scourge of little cords, he drove them all out of the temple, the sheep also and the oxen: and the money of the changers he poured out, and the tables he overthrew.
16 And to them that sold doves he said: Take these things hence, and make not the house of my Father a house of traffic.
17 And his disciples remembered, that it was written: The zeal of thy house hath eaten me up.
18 The Jews, therefore, answered, and said to him: What sign dost thou shew unto us, seeing thou dost these things?
19 Jesus answered and said to them: Destroy this temple; and in three days I will raise it up.
20 The Jews then said: Six and forty years was this temple in building; and wilt thou raise it up in three days?
21 But he spoke of the temple of his body.
22 When therefore he was risen again from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this: and they believed the scripture and the word that Jesus had said.
23 ¶ Now when he was at Jerusalem, at the pasch, upon the festival day, many believed in his name, seeing his signs which he did.
24 But Jesus did not trust himself unto them: for that he knew all men,
25 And because he needed not that any should give testimony of man: for he knew what was in man.
(DRV)

Revelation 22

1Pt:1:
1 ¶ Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers dispersed through Pontus, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, elect,
2 According to the foreknowledge of God the Father, unto the sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. Grace unto you and peace be multiplied.
3 ¶ Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy hath regenerated us unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead:
4 Unto an inheritance, incorruptible, and undefiled and that cannot fade, reserved in heaven for you,
5 Who, by the power of God, are kept by faith unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time.
6 ¶ Wherein you shalt greatly rejoice, if now you must be for a little time made sorrowful in divers temptations:
7 That the trial of your faith (much more precious than gold which is tried by the fire) may be found unto praise and glory and honour at the appearing of Jesus Christ.
8 Whom having not seen, you love: in whom also now though you see him not, you believe and, believing, shall rejoice with joy unspeakable and glorified;
9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.
10 ¶ Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and diligently searched, who prophesied of the grace to come in you.
11 Searching what or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ in them did signify, when it foretold those sufferings that are in Christ and the glories that should follow.
12 To whom it was revealed that, not to themselves but to you, they ministered those things which are now declared to you by them that have preached the gospel to you: the Holy Ghost being sent down from heaven, on whom the angels desire to look.
13 ¶ Wherefore, having the loins of your mind girt up, being sober, trust perfectly in the grace which is offered you in the revelation of Jesus Christ.
14 As children of obedience, not fashioned according to the former desires of your ignorance,
15 But according to him that hath called you, who is holy, be you also in all manner of conversation holy:
16 Because it is written: You shall be holy, for I am holy.
17 And if you invoke as Father him who, without respect of persons, judgeth according to every one’s work: converse in fear during the time of your sojourning here.
18 Knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as gold or silver, from your vain conversation of the tradition of your fathers:
19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb unspotted and undefiled
20 Foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but manifested in the last times for you:
21 Who through him are faithful in God who raised him up from the dead and hath given him glory, that your faith and hope might be in God.
22 Purifying your souls in the obedience of charity, with a brotherly love, from a sincere heart love one another earnestly:
23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but incorruptible, by the word of God who liveth and remaineth for ever.
24 ¶ For all flesh is as grass and all the glory thereof as the flower of grass. The grass is withered and the flower thereof is fallen away.
25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel hath been preached unto you.
(DRV)

Church Fathers

Revelation 1

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE FIRST CHAPTER.

1. “THE Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to Him, and showed unto His servants things which must shortly come to pass, and signified it. Blessed are they who read and hear the words of this prophecy, and keep the things which are written.”] The beginning of the book promises blessing to him that reads and hears and keeps, that he who takes pains about the reading may thence learn to do works, and may keep the precepts.
4. “Grace unto you, and peace, from Him which is, and which was, and which is to come.”] He is, because He endures continually; He was, because with the Father He made all things, and has at this time taken a beginning from the Virgin; He is to come, because assuredly He will come to judgment. “And from the seven spirits which are before His throne.”] We read of a sevenfold spirit in Isaiah,(1)–namely, the spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, of knowledge and of piety, and the spirit of the fear of the Lord.
5. “And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the first-begotten of the dead.”] In taking upon Him manhood, He gave a testimony in the world, wherein also having suffered, He freed us by His blood from sin; and having vanquished hell, He was the first who rose from the dead and “death shall have no more dominion over Him,”(2) but by His own reign the kingdom of the world is destroyed.
6. “And He made us a kingdom and priests unto God and His Father.”] That is to say, a Church of all believers; as also the Apostle Peter says: “A holy nation, a royal priesthood.”(3)
7. “Behold, He shall come with clouds, and every eye shall see Him.”] For He who at first came hidden in the manhood that He had undertaken, shall after a little while come to judgment manifest in majesty and glory. And what saith He?
12. “And I turned, and saw seven golden candlesticks; and in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks one like unto the Son of man.”] He says that He was like Him after His victory over death, when He had ascended into the heavens, after the union in His body of the power which He received from the Father with the spirit of His glory.
13. “As it were the Son of man walking in the midst of the golden candlesticks.”] He says, in the midst of the churches, as it is said in Solomon, “I will walk in the midst of the paths of the just,”(4) whose antiquity is immortality, and the fountain of majesty.
“Clothed with a garment down to the ankles.”] In the long, that is, the priestly garment, these words very plainly deliver the flesh which was not corrupted in death, and has the priesthood through suffering.
“And He was girt about the paps with a golden girdle.”] His paps are the two testaments, and the golden girdle is the choir of saints, as gold tried in the fire. Otherwise the golden girdle bound around His breast indicates the enlightened conscience, and the pure and spiritual apprehension that is given to the churches.
14. “And His head and His hairs were white as it were white wool, and as it were snow.”] On the head the whiteness is shown; “but the head of Christ is God.”(5) in the white hairs is the multitude of abbots(6) like to wool, in respect of simple sheep; to snow, in respect of the innumerable crowd of candidates taught from heaven.
“His eyes were as a flame of fire.”] God’s preceipts are those which minister light to believers, but to unbelievers burning.
16. “And in His face was brightness as the sun.”] That which He called brightness was the appearance of that in which He spoke to men face to face. But the glory of the sun is less than the glory of the Lord. Doubtless on account of its rising and setting, and rising again, that He was born and suffered and rose again, therefore the Scripture gave this similitude, likening His face to the glory of the sun.
15. “His feet were like unto yellow brass, as if burned in a furnace.”] He calls the apostles His feet, who, being wrought by suffering, preached His word in the whole world; for He rightly named those by whose means the preaching went forth, feet. Whence also the prophet anticipated this, and said: “We will worship in the place where His feet have stood.”(1) Because where they first of all stood and confirmed the Church, that is, in Judea, all the saints shall assemble together, and will worship their Lord.
16. “And out of His mouth was issuing a sharp two-edged sword.”] By the twice-sharpened sword going forth out of His mouth is shown, that it is He Himself who has both now declared the word of the Gospel, and previously by Moses declared the knowledge of the law to the whole world. But because from the same word, as well of the New as of the Old Testament, He will assert Himself upon the whole human race, therefore He is spoken of as two-edged. For the sword arms the soldier, the sword slays the enemy, the sword punishes the deserter. And that He might show to the apostles that He was announcing judgment, He says: “I came not to send peace, but a sword.”(2) And after He had completed His parables, He says to them: “Have ye understood all these things? And they said, We have. And He added, Therefore is every scribe instructed in the kingdom of God like unto a man that is a father of a family, bringing forth from his treasure things new and old,”(3)–the new, the evangelical words of the apostles; the old, the precepts of the law and the prophets: and He testified that these proceeded out of His mouth. Moreover, He also says to Peter: “Go thou to the sea, and cast a hook, and take up the fish that shall first come up; and having opened its mouth, thou shalt find a stater (that is, two denarii), and thou shalt give it for me and for thee.”(4) And similarly David says by the Spirit: “God spake once, twice I have heard the same.”(5) Because God once decreed from the beginning what shall be even to the end. Finally, as He Himself is the Judge appointed by the Father. on account of His assumption of humanity, wishing to show that men shall be judged by the word that He had declared, He says: “Think ye that I will judge you at the last day? Nay, but the word,” says He, “which I have spoken unto you, that shall judge you in the last day.”(6) And Paul, speaking of Antichrist to the Thessalonians, says: “Whom the Lord Jesus will slay by the breath of His mouth.”(7) And Isaiah says: “By the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.”(8) This, therefore, is the two-edged sword issuing out of His mouth.
15. “And His voice as it were the voice of many waters.”] The many waters are understood to be many peoples, or the gift of baptism that He sent forth by the apostles, saying: “Go ye, teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”(9)
16. “And He had in His right hand seven stars.”] He said that in His right hand He had seven stars, because the Holy Spirit of sevenfold agency was given into His power by the Father. As Peter exclaimed to the Jews: “Being at the right hand of God exalted, He hath shed forth this Spirit received from the Father, which ye both see and hear.”(10) Moreover, John the Baptist had also anticipated this, by saying to his disciples: “For God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto Him. The Father,” says he, “loveth the Son, and hath given all things into His hands.”(11) Those seven stars are the seven churches, which he names in his addresses by name, old calls them to whom he wrote epistles. Not that they are themselves the only, or even the principal churches; but what he says to one, he says to all. For they are in no respect difent, that on that ground any one should prefer them to the larger number of similar small ones. In the whole world Paul taught that all the churches are arranged by sevens, that they are called seven, and that the Catholic Church is one. And first of all, indeed, that he himself also might maintain the type of seven churches, he did not exceed that number. But he wrote to the Romans, to the Corinthians, to the Galatians, to the Ephesians, to the Thessalonians, to the Philippians, to the Colossians; afterwards he wrote to individual persons, so as not to exceed the number of seven churches. And abridging in a short space his announcement, he thus says to Timothy: “That thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the Church of the living God.”(12) We read also that this typical number is announced by the Holy Spirit by the month of Isaiah: “Of seven women which took hold of one man.”(13) The one man is Christ, not born of seed; but the seven women are seven churches, receiving His bread, and clothed with his apparel, who ask that their reproach should be taken away, only that His name should be called upon them. The bread is the Holy Spirit, which nourishes to eternal life, promised to them, that is, by faith. And His garments wherewith they desire to be clothed are the glory of immortality, of which Paul the apostle says: “For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on mortality.”(1) Moreover, they ask that their reproach may be taken away–that is, that they may be cleansed from their sins: for the reproach is the original sin which is taken away in baptism, and they begin to be called Christian men, which is, “Let thy name be called upon us.” Therefore in these seven churches, of one Catholic Church are believers, because it is one in seven by the quality of faith and election. Whether writing to them who labour in the world, and live(2) of the frugality of their labours, and are patient, and when they see certain men in the Church wasters, and pernicious, they hear them, lest there should become dissension, he yet admonishes them by love, that in what respects their faith is deficient they should repent; or to those who dwell in cruel places among persecutors, that they should continue faithful; or to those who, under the pretext of mercy, do unlawful sins in the Church, and make them manifest to be done by others; or to those that are at ease in the Church; or to those who are negligent, and Christians only in name; or to those who are meekly instructed, that they may bravely persevere in faith; or to those who study the Scriptures, and labour to know the mysteries of their announcement, and are unwilling to do God’s work that is mercy and love: to all he urges penitence, to all he declares judgment.

Revelation 1:5Irenaeus Against Heresies Book III

Chapter XXI.-A Vindication of the Prophecy in Isaiah (VII. 14) Against the Misinterpretations of Theodotion, Aquila, the Ebionites, and the Jews. Authority of the Septuagint Version.arguments in Proof that Christ Was Born of a Virgin.

10. For as by one man’s disobedience sin entered, and death obtained [a place] through sin; so also by the obedience of one man, righteousness having been introduced, shall cause life to fructify in those persons who in times past were dead.428 And as the protoplast himself Adam, had his substance from untilled and as yet virgin soil (“for God had not yet sent rain, and man had not tilled the ground”429 ), and was formed by the hand of God, that is, by the Word of God, for “all things were made by Him,”430 and the Lord took dust from the earth and formed man; so did He who is the Word, recapitulating Adam in Himself, rightly receive a birth, enabling Him to gather up Adam [into Himself], from Mary, who was as yet a virgin. If, then, the first Adam had a man for his father, and was born of human seed, it were reasonable to say that the second Adam was begotten of Joseph. But if the former was taken from the dust, and God was his Maker, it was incumbent that the latter also, making a recapitulation in Himself, should be formed as man by God, to have an analogy with the former as respects His origin. Why, then, did not God again take dust, but wrought so that the formation should be made of Mary? It was that there might not be another formation called into being, nor any other which should [require to] be saved, but that the very same formation should be summed up [in Christ as had existed in Adam], the analogy having been preserved.

Chapter XXII.-Christ Assumed Actual Flesh, Conceived and Born of the Virgin.

4. In accordance with this design, Mary the Virgin is found obedient, saying, “Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word.”439 But Eve was disobedient; for she did not obey when as yet she was a virgin. And even as she, having indeed a husband, Adam, but being nevertheless as yet a virgin (for in Paradise “they were both naked, and were not ashamed,”440 inasmuch as they, having been created a short time previously, had no understanding of the procreation of children: for it was necessary that they should first come to adult age,441 and then multiply from that time onward), having become disobedient, was made the cause of death, both to herself and to the entire human race; so also did Mary, having a man betrothed [to her], and being nevertheless a virgin, by yielding obedience, become the cause of salvation, both to herself and the whole human race. And on this account does the law term a woman betrothed to a man, the wife of him who had betrothed her, although she was as yet a virgin; thus indicating the back-reference from Mary to Eve, because what is joined together could not otherwise be put asunder than by inversion of the process by which these bonds of union had arisen;442 so that the former ties be cancelled by the latter, that the latter may set the former again at liberty. And it has, in fact, happened that the first compact looses from the second tie, but that the second tie takes the position of the first which has been cancelled.443 For this reason did the Lord declare that the first should in truth be last, and the last first.444 And the prophet, too, indicates the same, saying, “instead of fathers, children have been born unto thee.”445 For the Lord, having been born “the First-begotten of the dead,”446 and receiving into His bosom the ancient fathers, has regenerated them into the life of God, He having been made Himself the beginning of those that live, as Adam became the beginning of those who die.447 Wherefore also Luke, commencing the genealogy with the Lord, carried it back to Adam, indicating that it was He who regenerated them into the Gospel of life, and not they Him. And thus also it was that the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. For what the virgin Eve had bound fast through unbelief, this did the virgin Mary set free through faith.

Revelation 1:12

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book IV

And His voice [was] as the voice of waters; and He had in His right hand seven stars; and out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword; and His countenance was as the sun shining in his strength.”[304]

Revelation 1:17

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book IV

Something also alludes to the end [of all things], as [where He speaks of] the fine brass burning in the fire, which denotes the power of faith, and the continuing instant in prayer, because of the consuming fire which is to come at the end of time. But when John could not endure the sight (for he says, “I fell at his feet as dead; “[305]

Chapter XX.-That One God Formed All Things in the World, by Means of the Word and the Holy Spirit: and that Although He is to Us in This Life Invisible and Incomprehensible, Nevertheless He is Not Unknown; Inasmuch as His Works Do Declare Him, and His Word Has Shown that in Many Modes He May Be Seen and Known.

10. The prophets, therefore, did not openly behold the actual face of God, but [they saw] the dispensations and the mysteries through which man should afterwards see God. As was also said to Elias: “Thou shalt go forth tomorrow, and stand in the presence of the Lord; and, behold, a wind great and strong, which shall rend the mountains, and break the rocks in pieces before the Lord. And the Lord [was] not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the Lord [was] not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire, but the Lord [was] not in the fire; and after the fire a scarcely audible voice” (vox aurae tenuis).295 For by such means was the prophet-very indignant, because of the transgression of the people and the slaughter of the prophets-both taught to act in a more gentle manner; and the Lord’s advent as a man was pointed out, that it should be subsequent to that law which was given by Moses, mild and tranquil, in which He would neither break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax.296 The mild and peaceful repose of His kingdom was indicated likewise. For, after the wind which rends the mountains, and after the earthquake, and after the fire, come the tranquil and peaceful times of His kingdom, in which the spirit of God does, in the most gentle manner, vivify and increase mankind. This, too, was made still clearer by Ezekiel, that the prophets saw the dispensations of God in part, but not actually God Himself. For when this man had seen the vision297 of God, and the cherubim, and their wheels, and when he had recounted the mystery of the whole of that progression, and had beheld the likeness of a throne above them, and upon the throne a likeness as of the figure of a man, and the things which were upon his loins as the figure of amber, and what was below like the sight of fire, and when he set forth all the rest of the vision of the thrones, lest any one might happen to think that in those [visions] he had actually seen God, he added: “This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of God.”298
11. If, then, neither Moses, nor Elias, nor Ezekiel, who had all many celestial visions, did see God; but if what they did see were similitudes of the splendour of the Lord, And prophecies of things to come; it is manifest that the Father is indeed invisible, of whom also the Lord said, “No man hath seen God at any time.”299 But His Word, as He Himself willed it, and for the benefit of those who beheld, did show the Father’s brightness, and explained His purposes (as also the Lord said: “The only-begotten God,300 which is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared [Him]; “and He does Himself also interpret the Word of the Father as being rich and great); not in one figure, nor in one character, did He appear to those seeing Him, but according to the reasons and effects aimed at in His dispensations, as it is written in Daniel. For at one time He was seen with those who were around Ananias, Azarias, Misael, as present with them in the furnace of fire, in the burning, and preserving them from [the effects of] fire: “And the appearance of the fourth,” it is said, “was like to the Son of God.”301 At another time [He is represented as] “a stone cut out of the mountain without hands,”302 and as smiting all temporal kingdoms, and as blowing them away (ventilans ea), and as Himself filling all the earth. Then, too, is this same individual beheld as the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven, and drawing near to the Ancient of Days, and receiving from Him all power and glory, and a kingdom. “His dominion,” it is said, “is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdom shall not perish.”303 John also, the Lord’s disciple, when beholding the sacerdotal and glorious advent of His kingdom, says in the Apocalypse: “I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And, being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; and in the midst of the candlesticks One like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment reaching to the feet, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle; and His head and His hairs were white, as white as wool, and as snow; and His eyes were as a flame of fire; and His feet like unto fine brass, as if He burned in a furnace. And His voice [was] as the voice of waters; and He had in His right hand seven stars; and out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword; and His countenance was as the sun shining in his strength.”304 For in these words He sets forth something of the glory [which He has received] from His Father, as [where He makes mention of] the head; something in reference to the priestly office also, as in the case of the long garment reaching to the feet. And this was the reason why Moses vested the high priest after this fashion. Something also alludes to the end [of all things], as [where He speaks of] the fine brass burning in the fire, which denotes the power of faith, and the continuing instant in prayer, because of the consuming fire which is to come at the end of time. But when John could not endure the sight (for he says, “I fell at his feet as dead; “305 that what was written might come to pass: “No man sees God, and shall live”306 ), and the Word reviving him, and reminding him that it was He upon whose bosom he had leaned at supper, when he put the question as to who should betray Him, declared: “I am the first and the last, and He who liveth, and was dead, and behold I am alive for evermore, and have the keys of death and of hell.” And after these things, seeing the same Lord in a second vision, he says: “For I saw in the midst of the throne, and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, a Lamb standing as it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God, sent forth into all the earth.”307 And again, he says, speaking of this very same Lamb: “And behold a white horse; and He that sat upon him was called Faithful and True; and in righteousness doth He judge and make war. And His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns; having a name written, that no man knoweth but Himself: and He was girded around with a vesture sprinkled with blood: and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies of heaven followed Him upon white horses, clothed in pure white linen. And out of His mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it He may smite the nations; and He shall rule (pascet) them with a rod of iron: and He treadeth the wine-press of the fierceness of the wrath of God Almighty. And He hath upon His vesture and upon His thigh a name written, King of Kings and Lord of Lords.”308 Thus does the Word of God always preserve the outlines, as it were, of things to come, and points out to men the various forms (species), as it were, of the dispensations of the Father, teaching us the things pertaining to God.

Revelation 2

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE SECOND CHAPTER.

2. “I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience.”] In the first epistle He speaks thus: I know that thou sufferest and workest, I see that thou art patient; think not that I am staying long from thee.
“And that thou canst not bear them that are evil, and who say that they are Jews and are not, and thou has found them liars, and thou hast patience for My name’s sake.”] All these things tend to praise, and that no small praise; and it behoves such men, and such a class, and such elected persons, by all means to be admonished, that they may not be defrauded of such privileges granted to them of God. These few things He said that He had against them.
4, 5. “And thou hast left thy first love: remember whence thou hast fallen.”] He who falls, falls from a height: therefore He said whence: because, even to the very last, works of love must be practised; and this is the principal commandment. Finally, unless this is done, He threatened to remove their candlestick out of its place, that is, to disperse the congregation.
6. “This thou hast also, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes.”] But because thou thyself hatedst those who hold the doctrines of the Nicolaitanes, thou expectest praise. Moreover, to hate the works of the Nicolaitanes, which He Himself also hated, this tends to praise. But the works of the Nicolaitanes were in that time false and troublesome men, who, as ministers under the name of Nicolaus, had made for themselves a heresy, to the effect that what had been offered to idols might be exorcised and eaten, and that whoever should have committed fornication might receive peace on the eighth day. Therefore He extols those to whom He is writing; and to these men, being such and so great, He promised the tree of life, which is in the paradise of His God.
The following epistle unfolds the mode of life and habit of another order which follows. He proceeds to say:–
9. “I know thy tribulation and thy poverty, but thou art rich.”] For He knows that with such men there are riches hidden with Him, and that they deny the blasphemy of the Jews, who say that they are Jews and are not; but they are the synagogue of Satan, since they are gathered together by Antichrist; and to them He says:–
10. “Be thou faithful unto death.”] That they should continue to be faithful even unto death.
11. “He that shall overcome, shall not be hurt by the second death.”] That is, he shalt not be chastised in hell.
The third order of the saints shows that they are men who are strong in faith, and who are not afraid of persecution; but because even among them there are some who are inclined to unlawful associations, He says:–
14-16. “Thou hast there some who hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught in the case of Balak that he should put a stumbling-block before the children of Israel, to eat and to commit fornication. So also hast thou them who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes; but I will fight with them with the sword of my mouth.”] That is, I will say what I shall command, and I will tell you what you shall do. For Balaam,(3) with his doctrine, taught Balak to cast a stumbling-block before the eyes of the children of Israel, to eat what was sacrificed to idols, and to commit fornication,–a thing which is known to have happened of old. For he gave this advice to the king of the Moabites, and they caused stumbling to the people. Thus, says He, ye have among you those who hold such doctrine; and under the pretext of mercy, you would corrupt others.
17. “To him that overcometh I will give the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone.”] The hidden manna is immortality; the white gem is adoption to be the son of God; the new name written on the stone is “Christian.”
The fourth class intimates the nobility of the faithful, who labour daily, and do greater works. But even among them also He shows that there are men of an easy disposition to grant unlawful peace, and to listen to new forms of prophesying; and He reproves and warns the others to whom this is not pleasing, who know the wickedness opposed to them: for which evils He purposes to bring upon the head of the faithful both sorrows and dangers; and therefore He says:–
24. “I will not put upon you any other burden.”] That is, I have not given you laws, observances, and duties, which is another burden.
25, 26. “But that which ye have, hold fast until I come; and he that overcometh, to him will I give power over all peoples.”] That is, him I will appoint as judge among the rest of the saints.
28. “And I will give him the morning star.”] To wit, the first resurrection. He promised the morning star, which drives away the night, and announces the light, that is, the beginning of day.

Revelation 2:6

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book I

Chapter XXIII.-Doctrines and Practices of Simon Magus and Menander.

1. Simon the Samaritan was that magician of whom Luke, the disciple and follower of the apostles, says, “But there was a certain man, Simon by name, who beforetime used magical arts in that city, and led astray the people of Samaria, declaring that he himself was some great one, to whom they all gave heed, from the least to the greatest, saying, This is the power of God, which is called great. And to him they had regard, because that of long time he had driven them mad by his sorceries.”280 This Simon, then-who feigned faith, supposing that the apostles themselves performed their cures by the art of magic, and not by the power of God; and with respect to their filling with the Holy Ghost, through the imposition of hands, those that believed in God through Him who was preached by them, namely, Christ Jesus-suspecting that even this was done through a kind of greater knowledge of magic, and offering money to the apostles, thought he, too, might receive this power of bestowing the Holy Spirit on whomsoever he would,-was addressed in these words by Peter: “Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God can be purchased with money: thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter, for thy heart is not fight in the sight of God; for I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.”281 He, then, not putting faith in God a whit the more, set himself eagerly to contend against the apostles, in order that he himself might seem to be a wonderful being, and applied himself with still greater zeal to the study of the whole magic art, that he might the better bewilder and overpower multitudes of men. Such was his procedure in the reign of Claudius Caesar, by whom also he is said to have been honoured with a statue, on account of his magical power.282 This man, then, was glorified by many as if he were a god; and he taught that it was himself who appeared among the Jews as the Son, but descended in Samaria as the Father while he came to other nations in the character of the Holy Spirit. He represented himself, in a word, as being the loftiest of all powers, that is, the Being who is the Father over all, and he allowed himself to be called by whatsoever title men were pleased to address him.

2. Now this Simon of Samaria, from whom all sorts of heresies derive their origin, formed his sect out of the following materials:-Having redeemed from slavery at Tyre, a city of Phoenicia, a certain woman named Helena, he was in the habit of carrying her about with him, declaring that this woman was the first conception of his mind, the mother of all, by whom, in the beginning, he conceived in his mind [the thought] of forming angels and archangels. For this Ennoea leaping forth from him, and comprehending the will of her father, descended to the lower regions [of space], and generated angels and powers, by whom also he declared this word was formed. But after she had produced them, she was detained by them through motives of jealousy, because they were unwilling to be looked upon as the progeny of any other being. As to himself, they had no knowledge of him whatever; but his Ennoea was detained by those powers and angels who had been produced by her. She suffered all kinds of contumely from them, so that she could not return upwards to her father, but was even shut up in a human body, and for ages passed in succession from one female body to another, as from vessel to vessel. She was, for example, in that Helen on whose account the Trojan war was undertaken; for whose sake also Stesichorus283 was struck blind, because he had cursed her in his verses, but afterwards, repenting and writing what are called palinodes, in which he sang her praise, he was restored to sight. Thus she, passing from body to body, and suffering insults in every one of them, at last became a common prostitute; and she it was that was meant by the lost sheep.284

3. For this purpose, then, he had come that he might win her first, and free her from slavery, while he conferred salvation upon men, by making himself known to them. For since the angels ruled the world ill because each one of them coveted the principal power for himself, he had come to amend matters, and had descended, transfigured and assimilated to powers and principalities and angels, so that he might appear among men to be a man, while yet he was not a man; and that thus he was thought to have suffered in Judaea, when he had not suffered. Moreover, the prophets uttered their predictions under the inspiration of those angels who formed the world; for which reason those who place their trust in him and Helena no longer regarded them, but, as being free, live as they please; for men are saved through his grace, and not on account of their own righteous actions. For such deeds are not righteous in the nature of things, but by mere accident, just as those angels who made the world, have thought fit to constitute them, seeking, by means of such precepts, to bring men into bondage. On this account, he pledged himself that the world should be dissolved, and that those who are his should be freed from the rule of them who made the world.

4. Thus, then, the mystic priests belonging to this sect both lead profligate lives and practise magical arts, each one to the extent of his ability. They use exorcisms and incantations. Love-potions, too, and charms, as well as those beings who are called “Paredri” (familiars) and “Oniropompi” (dream-senders), and whatever other curious arts can be had recourse to, are eagerly pressed into their service. They also have an image of Simon fashioned after the likeness of Jupiter, and another of Helena in the shape of Minerva; and these they worship. In fine, they have a name derived from Simon, the author of these most impious doctrines, being called Simonians; and from them “knowledge, falsely so called,”285 received its beginning, as one may learn even from their own assertions.

5. The successor of this man was Menander, also a Samaritan by birth, and he, too, was a perfect adept in the practice of magic. He affirms that the primary Power continues unknown to all, but that he himself is the person who has been sent forth from the presence of the invisible beings as a saviour, for the deliverance of men. The world was made by angels, whom, like Simon, he maintains to have been produced by Ennoea. He gives, too, as he affirms, by means of that magic which he teaches, knowledge to this effect, that one may overcome those very angels that made the world; for his disciples obtain the resurrection by being baptized into him, and can die no more, but remain in the possession of immortal youth.

Chapter XXV.

3. They practise also magical arts and incantations; philters, also, and love-potions; and have recourse to familiar spirits, dream-sending demons, and other abominations, declaring that they possess power to rule over, even now, the princes and formers of this world; and not only them, but also all things that are in it. These men, even as the Gentiles, have been sent forth by Satan293 to bring dishonour upon the Church, so that, in one way or another, men hearing the things which they speak, and imagining that we all are such as they, may turn away their ears from the preaching of the truth; or, again, seeing the things they practise, may speak evil of us all, who have in fact no fellowship with them, either in doctrine or in morals, or in our daily conduct. But they lead a licentious life,294 and, to conceal their impious doctrines, they abuse the name [of Christ], as a means of hiding their wickedness; so that “their condemnation is just,”295 when they receive from God a recompense suited to their works.

5. And thus, if ungodly, unlawful, and forbidden actions are committed among them, I can no longer find ground for believing them to be such.299 And in their writings we read as follows, the interpretation which they give [of their views], declaring that Jesus spoke in a mystery to His disciples and apostles privately, and that they requested and obtained permission to hand down the things thus taught them, to others who should be worthy and believing. We are saved, indeed, by means of faith and love; but all other things, while in their nature indifferent, are reckoned by the opinion of men-some good and some evil, there being nothing really evil by nature.

6. Others of them employ outward marks, branding their disciples inside the lobe of the right ear. From among these also arose Marcellina, who came to Rome under [the episcopate of] Anicetus, and, holding these doctrines, she led multitudes astray. They style themselves Gnostics. They also possess images, some of them painted, and others formed from different kinds of material; while they maintain that a likeness of Christ was made by Pilate at that time when Jesus lived among them.300 They crown these images, and set them up along with the images of the philosophers of the world that is to say, with the images of Pythagoras, and Plato, and Aristotle, and the rest. They have also other modes of honouring these images, after the same manner of the Gentiles.

Chapter XXVI.-Doctrines of … Nicolaitanes.

3. The Nicolaitanes are the followers of that Nicolas who was one of the seven first ordained to the diaconate by the apostles.302 They lead lives of unrestrained indulgence. The character of these men is very plainly pointed out in the Apocalypse of John, [when they are represented] as teaching that it is a matter of indifference to practise adultery, and to eat things sacrificed to idols. Wherefore the Word has also spoken of them thus: “But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate.”303

Chapter XXVIII.

1. Many offshoots of numerous heresies have already been formed from those heretics we have described. This arises from the fact that numbers of them-indeed, we may say all-desire themselves to be teachers, and to break off from the particular heresy in which they have been involved. Forming one set of doctrines out of a totally different system of opinions, and then again others from others, they insist upon teaching something new, declaring themselves the inventors of any sort of opinion which they may have been able to call into existence.

Chapter XXXI.

4. Wherefore I have laboured to bring forward, and make clearly manifest, the utterly ill-conditioned carcase of this miserable little fox.330 For there will not now be need of many words to overturn their system of doctrine, when it has been made manifest to all. It is as when, on a beast hiding itself in a wood, and by rushing forth from it is in the habit of destroying multitudes, one who beats round the wood and thoroughly explores it, so as to compel the animal to break cover, does not strive to capture it, seeing that it is truly a ferocious beast; but those present can then watch and avoid its assaults, and can cast darts at it from all sides, and wound it, and finally slay that destructive brute. So, in our case, since we have brought their hidden mysteries, which they keep in silence among themselves, to the light, it will not now be necessary to use many words in destroying their system of opinions. For it is now in thy power, and in the power of all thy associates, to familiarize yourselves with what has been said, to overthrow their wicked and undigested doctrines, and to set forth doctrines agreeable to the truth. Since then the case is so, I shall, according to promise, and as my ability serves, labour to overthrow them, by refuting them all in the following book. Even to give an account of them is a tedious affair, as thou seest.331 But I shall furnish means for overthrowing them, by meeting all their opinions in the order in which they have been described, that I may not only expose the wild beast to view, but may inflict wounds upon it from every side.

Revelation 3

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE THIRD CHAPTER.

The fifth class, company, or association of saints, sets forth men who are careless, and who are carrying on in the world other transactions than those which they ought–Christians only in name. And therefore He exhorts them that by any means they should be turned away from negligence, and be saved; and to this effect He says:–
2. “Be watchful, and strengthen the other things which were ready to die; for I have not found thy works perfect before God.”] For it is not enough for a tree to live and to have no fruit, even as it is not enough to be called a Christian and to confess Christ, but not to have Himself in our work, that is, not to do His precepts.
The sixth class is the mode of life of the best election. The habit of saints is set forth; of those, to wit, who are lowly in the world, and unskilled in the Scriptures, and who hold the faith immoveably, and are not at all broken down by any chance, or withdrawn from the faith by any fear. Therefore He says to them:–
8. “I have set before thee an open door, because thou hast kept the word of my patience.”] In such little strength.
10. “And I will keep thee from the hour of temptation.”] That they may know His glory to be of this kind, that they are not indeed permitted to be given over to temptation.
12. “He that overcometh shall be made a pillar in the temple of God.”] For even as a pillar is an ornament of the building, so he who perseveres shall obtain a nobility in the Church.
Moreover, the seventh association of the Church declares that they are rich men placed in positions of dignity, but believing that they are rich, among whom indeed the Scriptures are discussed in their bedchamber, while the faithful are outside; and they are understood by none, although they boast themselves, and say that they know all things,–endowed with the confidence of learning, but ceasing from its labour. And thus He says:–
15. “That they are neither cold nor hot.”] That is, neither unbelieving nor believing, for they are all things to all men. And because he who is neither cold nor hot, but lukewarm, gives nausea, He says:–
16. “I will vomit thee out of My mouth.”] Although nausea is hateful, still it hurts no one; so also is it with men of this kind when they have been cast forth. But because there is time of repentance, He says:–
18. “I persuade thee to buy of Me gold tried in the fire.”] That is, that in whatever manner you can, you should suffer for the Lord’s name tribulations and passions.
“And anoint thine eyes with eye-salve.”] That what you gladly know by the Scripture, you should strive also to do the work of the same. And because, if in these ways men return out of great destruction to great repentance, they are not only useful to themselves, but they are able also to be of advantage to many, He promised them no small reward,–to sit, namely, on the throne of judgment.

Revelation 3:7

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book IV

Chapter XX.-That One God Formed All Things in the World, by Means of the Word and the Holy Spirit: and that Although He is to Us in This Life Invisible and Incomprehensible, Nevertheless He is Not Unknown; Inasmuch as His Works Do Declare Him, and His Word Has Shown that in Many Modes He May Be Seen and Known.
1. As regards His greatness, therefore, it is not possible to know God, for it is impossible that the Father can be measured; but as regards His love (for this it is which leads us to God by His Word), when we obey Him, we do always learn that there is so great a God, and that it is He who by Himself has established, and selected, and adorned, and contains all things; and among the all things, both ourselves and this our world. We also then were made, along with those things which are contained by Him. And this is He of whom the Scripture says, “And God formed man, taking clay of the earth, and breathed into his face the breath of life.”266 It was not angels, therefore, who made us, nor who formed us, neither had angels power to make an image of God, nor any one else, except the Word of the Lord, nor any Power remotely distant from the Father of all things. For God did not stand in need of these [beings], in order to the accomplishing of what He had Himself determined with Himself beforehand should be done, as if He did not possess His own hands. For with Him were always present the Word and Wisdom, the Son and the Spirit, by whom and in whom, freely and spontaneously, He made all things, to whom also He speaks, saying, “Let Us make man after Our image and likeness; “267 He taking from Himself the substance of the creatures [formed], and the pattern of things made, and the type of all the adornments in the world.
2. Truly, then, the Scripture declared, which says, “First268 of all believe that there is one God, who has established all things, and completed them, and having caused that from what had no being, all things should come into existence: “He who contains all things, and is Himself contained by no one. Rightly also has Malachi said among the prophets: “Is it not one God who hath established us? Have we not all one Father? “269 In accordance with this, too, does the apostle say, “There is one God, the Father, who is above all, and in us all.”270 Likewise does the Lord also say: “All things are delivered to Me by My Father; “271 manifestly by Him who made all things; for He did not deliver to Him the things of another, but His own. But in all things [it is implied that] nothing has been kept back [from Him], and for this reason the same person is the Judge of the living and the dead; “having the key of David: He shall Open, and no man shall shut: He shall shut, and no man shall open.”272 For no one was able, either in heaven or in earth, or under the earth, to open the book of the Father, or to behold Him, with the exception of the Lamb who was slain, and who redeemed us with His own blood, receiving power over all things from the same God who made all things by the Word, and adorned them by [His] Wisdom, when “the Word was made flesh; “that even as the Word of God had the sovereignty in the heavens, so also might He have the sovereignty in earth, inasmuch as [He was] a righteous man, “who did no sin, neither was there found guile in His mouth; “273 and that He might have the pre-eminence over those things which are under the earth, He Himself being made “the first-begotten of the dead; “274 and that all things, as I have already said, might behold their King; and that the paternal light might meet with and rest upon the flesh of our Lord, and come to us from His resplendent flesh, and that thus man might attain to immortality, having been invested with the paternal light.
3. I have also largely demonstrated, that the Word, namely the Son, was always with the Father; and that Wisdom also, which is the Spirit, was present with Him, anterior to all creation, He declares by Solomon: “God by Wisdom founded the earth, and by understanding hath He established the heaven. By His knowledge the depths burst forth, and the clouds dropped down the dew.”275 And again: “The Lord created me the beginning of His ways in His work: He set me up from everlasting, in the beginning, before He made the earth, before He established the depths, and before the fountains of waters gushed forth; before the mountains were made strong, and before all the hills, He brought me forth.”276 And again: “When He prepared the heaven, I was with Him, and when He established the fountains of the deep; when He made the foundations of the earth strong, I was with Him preparing [them]. I was He in whom He rejoiced, and throughout all time I was daily glad before His face, when He rejoiced at the completion of the world, and was delighted in the sons of men.”277
4. There is therefore one God, who by the Word and Wisdom created and arranged all things; but this is the Creator (Demiurge) who has granted this world to the human race, and who, as regards His greatness, is indeed unknown to all who have been made by Him (for no man has searched out His height, either among the ancients who have gone to their rest, or any of those who are now alive); but as regards His love, He is always known through Him by whose means He ordained all things. Now this is His Word, our Lord Jesus Christ, who in the last times was made a man among men, that He might join the end to the beginning, that is, man to God. Wherefore the prophets, receiving the prophetic gift from the same Word, announced His advent according to the flesh, by which the blending and communion of God and man took place according to the good pleasure of the Father, the Word of God foretelling from the beginning that God should be seen by men, and hold converse with them upon earth, should confer with them, and should be present with His own creation, saving it, and becoming capable of being perceived by it, and freeing us from the hands of all that hate us, that is, from every spirit of wickedness; and causing us to serve Him in holiness and righteousness all our days,278 in order that man, having embraced the Spirit of God, might pass into the glory of the Father.

Revelation 4

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE FOURTH CHAPTER.

“After this, I beheld, and, lo, a door was opened in heaven.”] The new testament is announced as an open door in heaven.
“And the first voice which I heard was, as it were, of a trumpet talking with me, saying, Come up hither.”] Since the door is shown to be opened, it is manifest that previously it had been closed to men. And it was sufficiently and fully laid open when Christ ascended with His body to the Father into heaven. Moreover, the first voice which he had heard when he says that it spoke with him, without contradiction condemns those who say that one spoke in the prophets, another in the Gospel; since it is rather He Himself who comes, that is the same who spoke in the prophets. For John was of the circumcision, and all that people which had heard the announcement of the Old Testament was edified with his word.
“That very same voice,” said he, “that I had heard, that said unto me, Come up hither.”] That is the Spirit, whom a little before he confesses that he had seen walking as the Son of man in the midst of the golden candlesticks. And he now gathers from Him what had been foretold in similitudes by the law, and associates with this scripture all the former prophets, and opens up the Scriptures. And because our Lord invited in His own name all believers into heaven, He forthwith poured out the Holy Spirit, who should bring them to heaven. He says:–
2. “Immediately I was in the Spirit.”] And since the mind of the faithful is opened by the Holy Spirit, and that is manifested to them which was also foretold to the fathers, he distinctly says:–
“And, behold, a throne was set in heaven.”] The throne set: what is it but the throne of judgment and of the King?
3. “And He that sate upon the throne was, to look upon, like a jasper and a sardine stone.”] Upon the throne he says that he saw the likeness of a jasper and a sardine stone. The jasper is of the colour of water, the sardine of fire. These two are thence manifested to be placed as judgments upon God’s tribunal until the consummation of the world, of which judgments one is already completed in the deluge of water, and the other shall be completed by fire.
“And there was a rainbow about the throne.”] Moreover, the rainbow round about the throne has the same colours. The rainbow is called a bow from what the Lord spake to Noah and to his sons,(1) that they should not fear any further deluge in the generation of God, but fire. For thus He says: I will place my bow in the clouds, that ye may now no longer fear water, but fire.
6. “And before the throne there was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal.”] That is the gift of baptism which He sheds forth through His Son in time of repentance, before He executes judgment. It is therefore before the throne, that is, the judgment. And when he says a sea of glass like to crystal, he shows that it is pure water, smooth, not agitated by the wind, not flowing down as on a slope, but given to be immoveable as the house of God.
“And round about the throne were four living creatures.”] The four living creatures are the four Gospels.
7-10. “The first living creature was like to a lion, and the second was like to a calf, and the third had a face like to a man, and the fourth was like to a flying eagle; and they had six wings, and round about and within they were full of eyes; and they had no rest, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord Omnipotent. And the four and twenty elders, failing down before the throne, adored God.”] The four and twenty elders are the twenty-four books of the prophets and of the law, which give testimonies of the judgment. Moreover, also, they are the twenty-four fathers–twelve apostles and twelve patriarchs. And in that the living creatures are different in appearance, this is the reason: the living creature like to a lion designates Mark, in whom is heard the voice of the lion roaring in the desert. And in the figure of a man, Matthew strives to declare to us the genealogy of Mary, from whom Christ took flesh. Therefore, in enumerating from Abraham to David, and thence to Joseph, he spoke of Him as if of a man: therefore his announcement sets forth the image of a man. Luke, in narrating the priesthood of Zacharias as he offers a sacrifice for the people, and the angel that appears to him with respect of the priesthood, and the victim in the same description bore the likeness of a calf. John the evangelist, like to an eagle hastening on uplifted wings to greater heights, argues about the Word of God. Mark, therefore, as an evangelist thus beginning, “The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, as it is written in Isaiah the prophet;”(2) The voice of one crying in the wilderness,”(3)–has the effigy of a lion. And Matthew, “The hook of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:”(4) this is the form of a man. But Luke said, “There was a priest, by name Zachariah, of the course of Abia, and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron:”(5) this is the likeness of a calf. But John, when he begins, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God,”(6) sets forth the likeness of a flying eagle. Moreover, not only do the evangelists express their four similitudes in their respective openings of the Gospels, but also the Word itself of God the Father Omnipotent, which is His Son our Lord Jesus Christ, bears the same likeness in the time of His advent. When He preaches to us, He is, as it were, a lion and a lion’s whelp. And when for man’s salvation He was made man to overcome death, and to set all men free, and that He offered Himself a victim to the Father on our behalf, He was called a calf. And that He overcame death and ascended into the heavens, extending His wings and protecting His people, He was named a flying eagle. Therefore these announcements, although they are four, yet are one, because it proceeded from one mouth. Even as the river in paradise, although it is one, was divided into four heads. Moreover, that for the announcement of the New Testament those bring creatures had eyes within and without, shows the spiritual providence which both looks into the secrets of the heart, and beholds the things which are coming after that are within and without.
8. “Six wings.”] These are the testimonies of the books of the Old Testament. Thus, twenty and four make as many as there are elders sitting upon the thrones. But as an animal cannot fly unless it have wings, so, too, the announcement of the New Testament gains no faith unless it have the fore-announced testimonies of the Old Testament, by which it is lifted from the earth, and flies. For in every case, what has been told before, and is afterwards found to have happened, that begets an undoubting faith. Again, also, if wings be not attached to the living creatures, they have nothing whence they may draw their life. For unless what the prophets foretold had been consummated in Christ, their preaching was vain. For the Catholic Church holds those things which were both before predicted and afterwards accomplished. And it flies, because the living animal is reasonably lifted up from the earth. But to heretics who do not avail themselves of the prophetic testimony, to them also there are present living creatures; but they do not fly, because they are of the earth. And to the Jews who do not receive the announcement of the New Testament there are present wings; but they do not fly, that is, they bring a vain prophesying to men, not adjusting facts to their words. And the books of the Old Testament that are received are twenty-four, which you will find in the epitomes of Theodore. But, moreover (as we have said), four and twenty elders, patriarchs and apostles, are to judge His people. For to the apostles, when they asked, saying, “We have forsaken all that we had, and followed Thee: what shall we have?” our Lord replied, “When the Son of man shall sit upon the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”(1) But of the fathers also who should judge, says the patriarch Jacob, “Dan also himself shall judge his people among his brethren, even as one of the tribes in lsrael.”(2)
5. “And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders, and seven torches of fire burning.”] And the lightnings, and voices, and thunders proceeding from the throne of God, and the seven torches of fire burning, signify announcements, and promises of adoption, and threatenings. For lightnings signify the Lord’s advent, and the voices the announcements of the New Testament, and the thunders, that the words are from heaven. The burning torches of fire signify the gift of the Holy Spirit, that it is given by the wood of the passion. And when these things were doing, he says that all the elders fell down and adored the Lord; while the living creatures–that is, of course, the actions recorded in the Gospels and the teaching of the Lord–gave Him glory and honour.(3) In that they had fulfilled the word that had been previously foretold by them, they worthily and with reason exult, feeling that they have ministered the mysteries and the word of the Lord. Finally, also, because He had come who should remove death, and who alone was worthy to take the crown of immortality, all for the glory of His most excellent doing had crowns.
10. “And they cast their crowns under His feet.”] That is, on account of the eminent glory of Christ’s victory, they cast all their victories under His feet. This is what in the Gospel the Holy Spirit consummated by showing, For when about finally to suffer, our Lord had come to Jerusalem, and the people had gone forth to meet Him, some strewed the road with palm branches cut down, others threw down their garments, doubtless these were setting forth two peoples–the one of the patriarchs, the other of the prophets; that is to say, of the great men who had any kind of palms of their victories against sin, and cast them under the feet of Christ, the victor of all. And the palm and the crown signify the same things, and these are not given save to the victor.

Rev. 4:7

Chapter XI-Proofs in Continuation, Extracted from St. John’s Gospel. The Gospels are Four in Number, Neither More Nor Less.

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book III

8. It is not possible that the Gospels can be either more or fewer in number than they are. For, since there are four zones of the world in which we live, and four principal winds,142 while the Church is scattered throughout all the world, and the “pillar and ground”143 of the Church is the Gospel and the spirit of life; it is fitting that she should have four pillars, breathing out immortality on every side, and vivifying men afresh. From which fact, it is evident that the Word, the Artificer of all, He that sitteth upon the cherubim, and contains all things, He who was manifested to men, has given us the Gospel under four aspects, but bound together by one Spirit. As also David says, when entreating His manifestation, “Thou that sittest between the cherubim, shine forth.”144 For the cherubim, too, were four-faced, and their faces were images of the dispensation of the Son of God. For, [as the Scripture] says, “The first living creature was like a lion,”145 symbolizing His effectual working, His leadership, and royal power; the second [living creature] was like a calf, signifying [His] sacrificial and sacerdotal order; but “the third had, as it were, the face as of a man,”-an evident description of His advent as a human being; “the fourth was like a flying eagle,” pointing out the gift of the Spirit hovering with His wings over the Church. And therefore the Gospels are in accord with these things, among which Christ Jesus is seated. For that according to John relates His original, effectual, and glorious generation from the Father, thus declaring, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”146 Also, “all things were made by Him, and without Him was nothing made.” For this reason, too, is that Gospel full of all confidence, for such is His person.147 But that according to Luke, taking up [His] priestly character, commenced with Zacharias the priest offering sacrifice to God. For now was made ready the fatted calf, about to be immolated for148 the finding again of the younger son. Matthew, again, relates His generation as a man, saying, “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham; “149 and also, “The birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise.” This, then, is the Gospel of His humanity;150 for which reason it is, too, that [the character of] a humble and meek man is kept up through the whole Gospel. Mark, on the other hand, commences with [a reference to] the prophetical spirit coming down from on high to men, saying, “The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, as it is written in Esaias the prophet,”-pointing to the winged aspect of the Gospel; and on this account he made a compendious and cursory narrative, for such is the prophetical character. And the Word of God Himself used to converse with the ante-Mosaic patriarchs, in accordance with His divinity and glory; but for those under the law he instituted a sacerdotal and liturgical service.151 Afterwards, being made man for us, He sent the gift of the celestial Spirit over all the earth, protecting us with His wings. Such, then, as was the course followed by the Son of God, so was also the form of the living creatures; and such as was the form of the living creatures, so was also the character of the Gospel.152 For the living creatures are quadriform, and the Gospel is quadriform, as is also the course followed by the Lord. For this reason were four principal (katholikai) covenants given to the human race:153 one, prior to the deluge, under Adam; the second, that after the deluge, under Noah; the third, the giving of the law, under Moses; the fourth, that which renovates man, and sums up all things in itself by means of the Gospel, raising and bearing men upon its wings into the heavenly kingdom.

Revelation 5

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE FIFTH CHAPTER.

1. “And I saw in the right hand of Him that sate upon the throne, a book written within and without, sealed with seven seals.”] This book signifies the Old Testament, which has been given into the hands of our Lord Jesus Christ, who received from the Father judgment.
2, 3. “And I saw an angel full of strength proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? And no one was found worthy, neither in the earth nor under the earth, to open the book.”] Now to open the book is to overcome death for man.
4. “There was none found worthy to do this.”] Neither among the angels of heaven, nor among men in earth, nor among the souls of the saints in rest, save Christ the Son of God alone, whom he says that he saw as a Lamb standing as it were slain, having seven horns. What had not been then announced, and what the law had contemplated for Him by its various oblations and sacrifices, it behoved Himself to fulfil. And because He Himself was the testator, who had overcome death, it was just that Himself should be appointed the Lord’s heir, that He should possess the substance of the dying man, that is, the human members.
5. “Lo, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, hath prevailed.”] We read in Genesis that this lion of the tribe of Judah hath conquered, when the patriarch Jacob says, “Judah, thy brethren shall praise thee; thou hast lain down and slept, and hast risen up again as a lion, and as a lion’s whelp.”(1) For He is called a lion for the overcoming of death; but for the suffering for men He was led as a lamb to the slaughter. But because He overcame death, and anticipated the duty of the executioner, He was called as it were slain. He therefore opens and seals again the testament, which He Himself had sealed. The legislator Moses intimating this, that it behoved Him to be sealed and concealed, even to the advent of His passion, veiled his face, and so spoke to the people; showing that the words of his announcement were veiled even to the advent of His time. For he himself, when he had read to the people, having taken the wool purpled with the blood of the calf, with water sprinkled the whole people, saying, “This is the blood of His testament who hath purified you.”(2) It should therefore be observed that the Man is accurately announced, and that all things combine into one. For it is not sufficient that that law is spoken of, but it is named as a testament. For no law is called a testament, nor is any thing else called a testament, save what persons make who are about to die. And whatever is within the testament is sealed, even to the day of the testator’s death. Therefore it is with reason that it is only sealed by the Lamb slain, who, as it were a lion, has broken death in pieces, and has fulfilled what had been foretold; and has delivered man, that is, the flesh, from death, and has received as a possession the substance of the dying person, that is, of the human members; that as by one body all men had fallen under the obligation of its death, also by one body all believers should be born again unto life, and rise again. Reasonably, therefore, His face is opened and unveiled to Moses; and therefore He is called Apocalypse, Revelation. For now His book is unsealed–now the offered victims are perceived–now the fabrication of the priestly chrism; moreover the testimonies are openly understood.
8, 9. “Twenty-four elders and four living creatures, having harps and phials, and singing a new song.”] The proclamation of the Old Testament associated with the New, points out the Christian people singing a new song, that is, bearing their confession publicly. It is a new thing that the Son of God should become man. It is a new thing to ascend into the heavens with a body. It is a new thing to give remission of sins to men. It is a new thing for men to be sealed with the Holy Spirit. It is a new thing to receive the priesthood of sacred observance, and to look for a kingdom of unbounded promise. The harp, and the chord stretched on its wooden frame, signifies the flesh of Christ linked with the wood of the passion. The phial signifies the Confession,(3) and the race of the new Priesthood. But it is the praise of many angels, yea, of all, the salvation of all, and the testimony of the universal creation, bringing to our Lord thanksgiving for the deliverance of men from the destruction of death. The unsealing of the seals, as we have said, is the opening of the Old Testament, and the foretelling of the preachers of things to come in the last times, which, although the prophetic Scripture speaks by single seals, yet by all the seals opened at once, prophecy takes its rank.

Rev. 5:8

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book IV

4. From all these it is evident that God did not seek sacrifices and holocausts from them, but faith, and obedience, and righteousness, because of their salvation. As God, when teaching them His will in Hosea the prophet, said, “I desire mercy rather than sacrifice, and the knowledge of God more than burnt-offerings.”230 Besides, our Lord also exhorted them to the same effect, when He said, “But if ye had known what [this] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.”231 Thus does He bear witness to the prophets, that they preached the truth; but accuses these men (His hearers) of being foolish through their own fault.
5. Again, giving directions to His disciples to offer to God the first-fruits232 of His own, created things-not as if He stood in need of them, but that they might be themselves neither unfruitful nor ungrateful-He took that created thing, bread, and gave thanks, and said, “This is My body.”233 And the cup likewise, which is part of that creation to which we belong, He confessed to be His blood, and taught the new oblation of the new covenant; which the Church receiving from the apostles, offers to God throughout all the world, to Him who gives us as the means of subsistence the first-fruits of His own gifts in the New Testament, concerning which Malachi, among the twelve prophets, thus spoke beforehand: “I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord Omnipotent, and I will not accept sacrifice at your hands. For from the rising of the sun, unto the going down [of the same], My name is glorified among the Gentiles, and in every place incense is offered to My name, and a pure sacrifice; for great is My name among the Gentiles, saith the Lord Omnipotent; “234 -indicating in the plainest manner, by these words, that the former people [the Jews] shall indeed cease to make offerings to God, but that in every place sacrifice shall be offered to Him, and that a pure one; and His name is glorified among the Gentiles.235
6. But what other name is there which is glorified among the Gentiles than that of our Lord, by whom the Father is glorified, and man also? And because it is [the name] of His own Son, who was made man by Him, He calls it His own. Just as a king, if he himself paints a likeness of his son, is right in calling this likeness his own, for both these reasons, because it is [the likeness] of his son, and because it is his own production; so also does the Father confess the name of Jesus Christ, which is throughout all the world glorified in the Church, to be His own, both because it is that of His Son, and because He who thus describes it gave Him for the salvation of men. Since, therefore, the name of the Son belongs to the Father, and since in the omnipotent God the Church makes offerings through Jesus Christ, He says well on both these grounds, “And in every place incense is offered to My name, and a pure sacrifice.” Now John, in the Apocalypse, declares that the “incense” is “the prayers of the saints.”236

Chapter XVIII.-Concerning Sacrifices and Oblations, and Those Who Truly Offer Them.

1. The oblation of the Church, therefore, which the Lord gave instructions to be offered throughout all the world, is accounted with God a pure sacrifice, and is acceptable to Him; not that He stands in need of a sacrifice from us, but that he who offers is himself glorified in what he does offer, if his gift be accepted. For by the gift both honour and affection are shown forth towards the King; and the Lord, wishing us to offer it in all simplicity and innocence, did express Himself thus: “Therefore, when thou offerest thy gift upon the altar, and shalt remember that thy brother hath ought against thee, leave thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then return and offer thy gift.”237 We are bound, therefore, to offer to God the first-fruits of His creation, as Moses also says, “Thou shalt not appear in the presence of the Lord thy God empty; “238 so that man, being accounted as grateful, by those things in which he has shown his gratitude, may receive that honour which flows from Him.239
2. And the class of oblations in general has not been set aside; for there were both oblations there [among the Jews], and there are oblations here [among the Christians]. Sacrifices there were among the people; sacrifices there are, too, in the Church: but the species alone has been changed, inasmuch as the offering is now made, not by slaves, but by freemen. For the Lord is [ever] one and the same; but the character of a servile oblation is peculiar [to itself], as is also that of freemen, in order that, by the very oblations, the indication of liberty may be set forth. For with Him there is nothing purposeless, nor without signification, nor without design. And for this reason they (the Jews) had indeed the tithes of their goods consecrated to Him, but those who have received liberty set aside all their possessions for the Lord’s purposes, bestowing joyfully and freely not the less valuable portions of their property, since they have the hope of better things [hereafter]; as that poor widow acted who cast all her living into the treasury of God.240
3. For at the beginning God had respect to the gifts of Abel, because he offered with single-mindedness and righteousness; but He had no respect unto the offering of Cain, because his heart was divided with envy and malice, which he cherished against his brother, as God says when reproving his hidden [thoughts], “Though thou offerest rightly, yet, if thou dost not divide rightly, hast thou not sinned? Be at rest; “241 since God is not appeased by sacrifice. For if any one shall endeavour to offer a sacrifice merely to outward appearance, unexceptionably, in due order, and according to appointment, while in his soul he does not assign to his neighbour that fellowship with him which is right and proper, nor is under the fear of God;-he who thus cherishes secret sin does not deceive God by that sacrifice which is offered correctly as to outward appearance; nor will such an oblation profit him anything, but [only] the giving up of that evil which has been conceived within him, so that sin may not the more, by means of the hypocritical action, render him the destroyer of himself.242 Wherefore did the Lord also declare: “Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for ye are like whited sepulchres. For the sepulchre appears beautiful outside, but within it is full of dead men’s bones, and all uncleanness; even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of wickedness and hypocrisy.”243 For while they were thought to offer correctly so far as outward appearance went, they had in themselves jealousy like to Cain; therefore they slew the Just One, slighting the counsel of the Word, as did also Cain. For [God] said to him, “Be at rest; “but he did not assent. Now what else is it to “be at rest” than to forego purposed violence? And saying similar things to these men, He declares: “Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse that which is within the cup, that the outside may be clean also.”244 And they did not listen to Him. For Jeremiah says, “Behold, neither thine eyes nor thy heart are good; but [they are turned] to thy covetousness, and to shed innocent blood, and for injustice, and for man-slaying, that thou mayest do it.”245 And again Isaiah saith, “Ye have taken counsel, but not of Me; and made covenants, [but] not by My Spirit.”246 In order, therefore, that their inner wish and thought, being brought to light, may show that God is without blame, and worketh no evil-that God who reveals what is hidden [in the heart], but who worketh not evil-when Cain was by no means at rest, He saith to him: “To thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.”247 Thus did He in like manner speak to Pilate: “Thou shouldest have no power at all against Me, unless it were given thee from above; “248 God always giving up the righteous one [in this life to suffering], that he, having been tested by what he suffered and endured, may [at last] be accepted; but that the evildoer, being judged by the actions he has performed, may be rejected. Sacrifices, therefore, do not sanctify a man, for God stands in no need of sacrifice; but it is the conscience of the offerer that sanctifies the sacrifice when it is pure, and thus moves God to accept [the offering] as from a friend. “But the sinner,” says He, “who kills a calf [in sacrifice] to Me, is as if he slew a dog.”249
4. Inasmuch, then, as the Church offers with single-mindedness, her gift is justly reckoned a pure sacrifice with God. As Paul also says to the Philippians, “I am full, having received from Epaphroditus the things that were sent from you, the odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, pleasing to God.”250 For it behoves us to make an oblation to God, and in all things to be found grateful to God our Maker, in a pure mind, and in faith without hypocrisy, in well-grounded hope, in fervent love, offering the first-fruits of His own created things. And the Church alone offers this pure oblation to the Creator, offering to Him, with giving of thanks, [the things taken] from His creation. But the Jews do not offer thus: for their hands are full of blood; for they have not received the Word, through whom it is offered to God.251 Nor, again, do any of the conventicles (synagogae) of the heretics [offer this]. For some, by maintaining that the Father is different from the Creator, do, when they offer to Him what belongs to this creation of ours, set Him forth as being covetous of another’s property, and desirous of what is not His own. Those, again, who maintain that the things around us originated from apostasy, ignorance, and passion, do, while offering unto Him the fruits of ignorance, passion, and apostasy, sin against their Father, rather subjecting Him to insult than giving Him thanks. But how can they be consistent with themselves, [when they say] that the bread over which thanks have been given is the body of their Lord,252 and the cup His blood, if they do not call Himself the Son of the Creator of the world, that is, His Word, through whom the wood fructifies, and the fountains gush forth, and the earth gives “first the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the ear.”253
5. Then, again, how can they say that the flesh, which is nourished with the body of the Lord and with His blood, goes to corruption, and does not partake of life? Let them, therefore, either alter their opinion, or cease from offering the things just mentioned.254 But our opinion is in accordance with the Eucharist, and the Eucharist in turn establishes our opinion. For we offer to Him His own, announcing consistently the fellowship and union of the flesh and Spirit.255 For as the bread, which is produced from the earth, when it receives the invocation of God, is no longer common bread,256 but the Eucharist, consisting of two realities, earthly and heavenly; so also our bodies, when they receive the Eucharist, are no longer corruptible, having the hope of the resurrection to eternity.
6. Now we make offering to Him, not as though He stood in need of it, but rendering thanks for His gift,257 and thus sanctifying what has been created. For even as God does not need our possessions, so do we need to offer something to God; as Solomon says: “He that hath pity upon the poor, lendeth unto the Lord.”258 For God, who stands in need of nothing, takes our good works to Himself for this purpose, that He may grant us a recompense of His own good things, as our Lord says: “Come, ye blessed of My Father, receive the kingdom prepared for you. For I was an hungered, and ye gave Me to eat: I was thirsty, and ye gave Me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took Me in: naked, and ye clothed Me; sick, and ye visited Me; in prison, and ye came to Me.”259 As, therefore, He does not stand in need of these [services], yet does desire that we should render them for our own benefit, lest we be unfruitful; so did the Word give to the people that very precept as to the making of oblations, although He stood in no need of them, that they might learn to serve God: thus is it, therefore, also His will that we, too, should offer a gift at the altar, frequently and without intermission. The altar, then, is in heaven260 (for towards that place are our prayers and oblations directed); the temple likewise [is there], as John says in the Apocalypse, “And the temple of God was opened: “261 the tabernacle also: “For, behold,” He says, “the tabernacle of God, in which He will dwell with men.”

Revelation 6

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE SIXTH CHAPTER.

1, 2. “And when the Lamb had opened one of the seven seals, I saw, and heard one of the four living creatures saying, Come and see. And, lo, a white horse, and He who sate upon him had a bow.” ] The first seal being opened, he says that he saw a white horse, and a crowned horseman having a bow. For this was at first done by Himself. For after the Lord ascended into heaven and opened all things, He sent the Holy Spirit, whose words the preachers sent forth as arrows reaching to the human heart, that they might overcome unbelief. And the crown on the head is promised to the preachers by the Holy Spirit. The other three horses very plainly signify the wars, famines, and pestilences announced by our Lord in the Gospel. And thus he says that one of the four living creatures said (because all four are one), “Come and see.” “Come” is said to him that is invited to faith; “see” is said to him who saw not. Therefore the white horse is the word of preaching with the Holy Spirit sent into the world. For the Lord says, “This Gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world for a testimony to all nations, and then shall come the end.”(1)
3, 4. “And when He had opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, Come and see. And there went out another horse that was red, and to him that sate upon him was given a great sword.”] The red horse, and he that sate upon him, having a sword, signify the coming wars, as we read in the Gospel: “For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there shall be great earthquakes in divers places.”(2) This is the ruddy horse.
5. “And when He had opened the third seal. I heard the third living creature saying, Come and see. And, lo, a black horse; and he who sate upon it had a balance in his hand.”] The black horse signifies famine, for the Lord says, “There shall be famines in divers places;” but the word is specially extended to the times of Antichrist, when there shall be a great famine, and when all shall be injured. Moreover, the balance in the hand is the examining scales, wherein He might show forth the merits of every individual. He then says:–
6. “Hurt not the wine and the oil.”] That is, strike not the spiritual man with thy inflictions. This is the black horse.
7, 8. “And when He had opened the fourth seal, I heard the fourth living creature saying, Come and see. And, lo, a pale horse; and he who sate upon him was named Death.”] For the pale horse and he who sate upon him bore the name of Death. These same things also the Lord had promised among the rest of the coming destructions–great pestilences and deaths; since, moreover, he says:–
“And hell followed him.”] That is, it was waiting for the devouring of many unrighteous souls. This is the pale horse.
9. “And when He had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain.”] He relates that he saw under the altar of God, that is, under the earth, the souls of them that were slain. For both heaven and earth are called God’s altar, as saith the law, commanding in the symbolical form of the truth two altars to be made,–a golden one within, and a brazen one without. But we perceive that the golden altar is thus called heaven, by the testimony that our Lord bears to it; for He says, “When thou bringest thy gift to the altar” (assuredly our gifts are the prayers which we offer), “and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar.”(3) Assuredly prayers ascend to heaven. Therefore heaven is understood to be the golden altar which was within; for the priests also were accustomed to enter once in the year–as they who had the anointing–to the golden altar, the Holy Spirit signifying that Christ should do this once for all. As the golden altar is acknowledged to be heaven, so also by the brazen altar is understood the earth, under which is the Hades,–a region withdrawn from punishments and fires, and a place of repose for the saints, wherein indeed the righteous are seen and heard by the wicked, but they cannot be carried across to them. He who sees all things would have us to know that these saints, therefore– that is, the souls of the slain–are asking for vengeance for their blood, that is, of their body, from those that dwell upon the earth; but because in the last time, moreover, the reward of the saints will be perpetual, and the condemnation of the wicked shall come, it was told them to wait. And for a solace to their body, there were given unto each of them white robes. They received, says he, white robes, that is, the gift of the Holy Spirit.
12. “And I saw, when he had opened the sixth seal, there was a great earthquake.”] In the sixth seal, then, was a great earthquake: this is that very last persecution.
“And the sun became black as sackcloth of hair.”] The sun becomes as sackcloth; that is, the brightness of doctrine will be obscured by unbelievers.
“And the entire moon became as blood.”] By the moon of blood is set forth the Church of the saints as pouring out her blood for Christ.
13. “And the stars fell to the earth.”] The falling of the stars are the faithful who are troubled for Christ’s sake.
“Even as a fig-tree casteth her untimely figs.”] The fig-tree, when shaken, loses its untimely figs–when men are separated from the Church by persecution.
14. “And the heaven withdrew as a scroll that is rolled up.”] For the heaven to be rolled away, that is, that the Church shall be taken away.
“And every mountain and the islands were moved from their places.”] Mountains and islands removed from their places intimate that in the last persecution all men departed from their places; that is, that the good will be removed, seeking to avoid the persecution.

Revelation 6:2

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book IV

Chapter XXI.-Abraham’s Faith Was Identical with Ours; This Faith Was Prefigured by the Words and Actions of the Old Patriarchs.
1. But that our faith was also prefigured in Abraham, and that he was the patriarch of our faith, and, as it were, the prophet of it, the apostle has very fully taught, when he says in the Epistle to the Galatians: “He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness. Know ye therefore, that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. But the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, announced beforehand unto Abraham, that in him all nations should be blessed. So then they which be of faith shall be blessed with faithful Abraham.”317 For which [reasons the apostle] declared that this man was not only the prophet of faith, but also the father of those who from among the Gentiles believe in Jesus Christ, because his faith and ours are one and the same: for he believed in things future, as if they were already accomplished, because of the promise of God; and in like manner do we also, because of the promise of God, behold through faith that inheritance [laid up for us] in the [future] kingdom.
2. The history of Isaac, too, is not without a symbolical character. For in the Epistle to the Romans, the apostle declares: “Moreover, when Rebecca had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac,” she received answer318 from the Word, “that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of Him that calleth, it was said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people are in thy body; and the one people shall overcome the other, and the eider shall serve the younger.”319 From which it is evident, that not only [were there] prophecies of the patriarchs, but also that the children brought forth by Rebecca were a prediction of the two nations; and that the one should be indeed the greater, but the other the less; that the one also should be under bondage, but the other free; but [that both should be] of one and the same father. Our God, one and the same, is also their God, who knows hidden things, who knoweth all things before they can come to pass; and for this reason has He said, “Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.”320
3. If any one, again, will look into Jacob’s actions, he shall find them not destitute of meaning, but full of import with regard to the dispensations. Thus, in the first place, at his birth, since he laid hold on his brother’s heel,321 he was called Jacob, that is, the supplanter-one who holds, but is not held; binding the feet, but not being bound; striving and conquering; grasping in his hand his adversary’s heel, that is, victory. For to this end was the Lord born, the type of whose birth he set forth beforehand, of whom also John says in the Apocalypse: “He went forth conquering, that He should conquer.”322 In the next place, [Jacob] received the rights of the first-born, when his brother looked on them with contempt; even as also the younger nation received Him, Christ, the first-begotten, when the elder nation rejected Him, saying, “We have no king but Caesar.”323 But in Christ every blessing [is summed up], and therefore the latter people has snatched away the blessings of the former from the Father, just as Jacob took away the blessing of this Esau. For which cause his brother suffered the plots and persecutions of a brother, just as the Church suffers this self-same thing from the Jews. In a foreign country were the twelve tribes born, the race of Israel, inasmuch as Christ was also, in a strange country, to generate the twelve-pillared foundation of the Church. Various coloured sheep were allotted to this Jacob as his wages; and the wages of Christ are human beings, who from various and diverse nations come together into one cohort of faith, as the Father promised Him, saying, “Ask of Me, and I will give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession.”324 And as from the multitude of his sons the prophets of the Lord [afterwards] arose, there was every necessity that Jacob should beget sons from the two sisters, even as Christ did from the two laws of one and the same Father; and in like manner also from the handmaids, indicating that Christ should raise up sons of God, both from freemen and from slaves after the flesh, bestowing upon all, in the same manner, the gift of the Spirit, who vivifies us.325 But he (Jacob) did all things for the sake of the younger, she who had the handsome eyes,326 Rachel, who prefigured the Church, for which Christ endured patiently; who at that time, indeed, by means of His patriarchs and prophets, was prefiguring and declaring beforehand future things, fulfilling His part by anticipation in the dispensations of God, and accustoming His inheritance to obey God, and to pass through the world as in a state of pilgrimage, to follow His word, and to indicate beforehand things to come. For with God there is nothing without purpose or due signification.

Chapter XXII.-Christ Did Not Come for the Sake of the Men of One Age Only, But for All Who, Living Righteously and Piously, Had Believed Upon Him; And for Those, Too, Who Shall Believe.

1 Now in the last days, when the fulness of the time of liberty had arrived, the Word Himself did by Himself “wash away the filth of the daughters of Zion,”327 when He washed the disciples’ feet with His own hands.328 For this is the end of the human race inheriting God; that as in the beginning, by means of our first [parents], we were all brought into bondage, by being made subject to death; so at last, by means of the New Man, all who from the beginning [were His] disciples, having been cleansed and washed from things pertaining to death, should come to the life of God. For He who washed the feet of the disciples sanctified the entire body, and rendered it clean. For this reason, too, He administered food to them in a recumbent posture, indicating that those who were lying in the earth were they to whom He came to impart life. As Jeremiah declares, “The holy Lord remembered His dead Israel, who slept in the land of sepulture; and He descended to them to make known to them His salvation, that they might be saved.”329 For this reason also were the eyes of the disciples weighed down when Christ’s passion was approaching; and when, in the first instance, the Lord found them sleeping, He let it pass,-thus indicating the patience of God in regard to the state of slumber in which men lay; but coming the second time, He aroused them, and made them stand up, in token that His passion is the arousing of His sleeping disciples, on whose account “He also descended into the lower parts of the earth,”330 to behold with His eyes the state of those who were resting from their labours,331 in reference to whom He did also declare to the disciples: “Many prophets and righteous men have desired to see and hear what ye do see and hear.”332
2. For it was not merely for those who believed on Him in the time of Tiberius Caesar that Christ came, nor did the Father exercise His providence for the men only who are now alive, but for all men altogether, who from the beginning, according to their capacity, in their generation have both feared and loved God, and practised justice and piety towards their neighbours, and have earnestly desired to see Christ, and to hear His voice. Wherefore He shall, at His second coming, first rouse from their sleep all persons of this description, and shall raise them up, as well as the rest who shall be judged, and give them a place in His kingdom. For it is truly “one God who” directed the patriarchs towards His dispensations, and “has justified the circumcision by faith, and the uncircumcision through faith.”333 For as in the first we were prefigured, so, on the other hand, are they represented in us, that is, in the Church, and receive the recompense for those things which they accomplished.

Chapter XXIII.-The Patriarchs and Prophets by Pointing Out the Advent of Christ, Fortified Thereby, as It Were, the Way of Posterity to the Faith of Christ; And So the Labours of the Apostles Were Lessened Inasmuch as They Gathered in the Fruits of the Labours of Others.

1. For which reason the Lord declared to the disciples: “Behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look upon the districts (regiones), for they are white [already] to harvest. For the harvest-man receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal, that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together. For in this is the saying true, that one soweth and another reapeth. For I have sent you forward to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour; other men have laboured, and ye have entered into their labours.”334 Who, then, are they that have laboured, and have helped forward the dispensations of God? It is clear that they are the patriarchs and prophets, who even prefigured our faith, and disseminated through the earth the advent of the Son of God, who and what He should be: so that posterity, possessing the fear of God, might easily accept the advent of Christ, having been instructed by the prophets.

Revelation 7

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE SEVENTH CHAPTER.

2. “And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God” He speaks of Elias the prophet,who is the precursor of the times of Antichrist, for the restoration and establishment of the churches from the great and intolerable persecution. We read that these things are predicted in the opening of the Old and New Testament; for He says by Malachi: “Lo, I will send to you Elias the Tishbite, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, according to the time of calling, to recall the Jews to the faith of the people that succeed them.”(1) And to that end He shows, as we have said, that the number of those that shall believe, of the Jews and of the nations, is a great multitude which no man was able to number. Moreover, we read in the Gospel that the prayers of the Church are sent from heaven by an angel, and that they are received against wrath, and that the kingdom of Antichrist is cast out and extinguished by holy angels; for He says: “Pray that ye enter not into temptation: for there shall be a great affliction, such as has not been from the beginning of the world; and except the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved.”(2) Therefore He shall send these seven great archangels to smite the kingdom of Antichrist; for He Himself also thus said: “Then the Son of man shall send His messengers; and they shall gather together His elect from the four corners of the wind, from the one end of heaven even to the other end thereof.”(3) For, moreover, He previously says by the prophet: “Then shall there be peace for our land, when there shall arise in it seven shepherds and eight attacks of men; and they shall encircle Assur,” that is, Antichrist, “in the trench of Nimrod,”(4) that is, in the nation of the devil, by the spirit of the Church. Similarly when the keepers of the house shall be moved. Moreover, the Lord Himself, in the parable to the apostles, when the labourers had come to Him and said, “Lord, did not we sow good seed in Thy field? whence, then, hath it tares? answered them, An enemy hath done this. And they said to Him, Lord, wilt Thou, then, that we go and root them up? And He said, Nay, but let both grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, that they gather the tares and make bundles of them, and burn them with fire everlasting, but that they gather the wheat into my barns.”(5) The Apocalypse here shows, therefore, that these reapers, and shepherds, and labourers, are the angels. And the trumpet is the word of power. And although the same thing recurs in the phials, still it is not said as if it occurred twice, but because what is decreed by the Lord to happen shall be once for all; for this cause it is said twice. What, therefore, He said too little in the trumpets, is here found in the phials. We must not regard the order of what is said, because frequently the Holy Spirit, when He has traversed even to the end of the last times, returns again to the same times, and fills up what He had before failed to say.(6) Nor must we look for order in the Apocalypse; but we must follow the meaning of those things which are prophesied. Therefore in the trumpets and phials is signified either the desolation of the plagues that are sent upon the earth, or the madness of Antichrist himself, or the cutting off of the peoples, or the diversity of the plagues, or the hope in the kingdom of the saints, or the ruin of states, or the great overthrow of Babylon, that is, the Roman state.
9. “After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man was able to number, of every nation, tribe, and people, and tongue, clothed with white robes.”] What the great multitude out of every tribe implies, is to show the number of the elect out of all believers, who, being cleansed by baptism in the blood of the Lamb, have made their robes white, keeping the grace which they have received.

blood of the lamb

Athanasius On the Incarnation of the Word

35. Prophecies of the Cross. How these prophecies are satisfied in Christ alone.

But, perhaps, having heard the prophecy of His death, you ask to learn also what is set forth concerning the Cross. For not even this is passed over: it is displayed by the holy men with great plainness.
2. For first Moses predicts it, and that with a loud voice, when he says: “Ye shall see [4] your Life hanging before your eyes, and shall not believe.”
3. And next, the prophets after him witness of this, saying: “But I as an innocent lamb brought to be slain, knew it not; they counselled an evil counsel against me, saying, Hither and let us cast a tree upon his [6] bread, and efface him from the land of the living.”
4. And again: “They pierced [7] my hands and my feet, they numbered all my bones, they parted my garments among them, and for my vesture they cast lots.”
5. Now a death raised aloft and that takes place on a tree, could be none other than the Cross: and again, in no other death are the hands and feet pierced, save on the Cross only.
6. But since by the sojourn of the Saviour among men all nations also on every side began to know God; they did not leave this point, either, without a reference but mention is made of this matter as well in the Holy Scriptures. For “there a shall be,” he saith, “the root of Jesse, and he that riseth to rule the nations, on him shall the nations hope.” This then is a little in proof of what has happened.
7. But all Scripture teems with refutations of the disbelief of the Jews. For which of the righteous men and holy prophets, and patriarchs, recorded in the divine Scriptures, ever had his corporal birth of a virgin only? Or what woman has sufficed without man for the conception of human kind? Was not Abel born of Adam, Enoch of Jared, Noe of Lamech, and Abraham of Tharra, Isaac of Abraham, Jacob of Isaac? Was not Judas born of Jacob, and Moses and Aaron of Ameram? Was not Samuel born of Elkana, was not David of Jesse, was not Solomon of David, was not Ezechias of Achaz, was not Josias of Amos, was not Esaias of Amos, was not Jeremy of Chelchias, was not Ezechiel of Buzi? Had not each a father as author of his existence? Who then is he that is born of a virgin only? For the prophet made exceeding much of this sign.
8. Or whose birth did a star in the skies forerun, to announce to the world him that was born? For when Moses was born, he was hid by his parents: David was not heard of, even by those of his neighbourhood, inasmuch as even the great Samuel knew him not, but asked, had Jesse yet another son? Abraham again became known to his neighbours as [9] a great man only subsequently to his birth. But of Christ’s birth the witness was not man, but a star in that heaven whence He was descending.

Revelation 8

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE EIGHTH CHAPTER.

1. “And when He had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour.”] Whereby is signified the beginning of everlasting rest; but it is described as partial, because the silence being interrupted, he repeats it in order. For if the silence had continued, here would be an end of his narrative.
13 “And I saw an angel flying through the midst of heaven.”] By the angel flying through the midst of heaven is signified the Holy Spirit beating witness in two of the prophets that a great wrath of plagues was imminent. If by any means, even in the last times, any one should be willing to be converted, any one might even still be saved.

The Divine Liturgy of James, the Brother of the Lord

Prayer of the standing beside the altar

II. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, the triune light of the Godhead, which is unity subsisting in trinity, divided, yet indivisible: for the Trinity is the one God Almighty, whose glory the heavens declare, and the earth His dominion, and the sea His might, and every sentient and intellectual creature at all times proclaims His majesty: for all glory becomes Him, and honour and might, greatness and magnificence, now and ever, and to all eternity. Amen.

Revelation 9

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE NINTH CHAPTER.

13, 14. “And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is in the presence of God, saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels.”] That is, the four corners of the earth which hold the four winds.
“Which are bound in the great river Euphrates.”] By the corners of the earth, or the four winds across the river Euphrates, are meant four nations, because to every nation is sent an angel; as said the law, “He determined them by the number of the angels of God,”(7) until the number of the saints should be filled up. They do not overpass their bounds, because at the last they shall come with Antichrist.

Revelation 10

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE TENTH CHAPTER.

1, 2. “I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven, clothed with a cloud; and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire: and he had in his hand an open book: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot upon the earth.”] He signifies that that mighty ngel who, he says, descended from heaven, clothed with a cloud, is our Lord, as we have above narrated.
“His face was as it were the sun.”] That is, with respect to the resurrection.
“Upon his head was a rainbow.”] He points to the judgment which is executed by Him, of shall be.
“An open book.”] A revelation of works in the future judgment, or the Apocalypse which John received.
“His feet,”] as we have said above, are the apostles. For that both things in sea and land are trodden under foot by Him, signifies that all things are placed under His feet. Moreover, he calls Him an angel, that is, a messenger, to wit, of the Father; for He is called the Messenger of great counsel. He says also that He cried with a loud voice. The great voice is to tell the words of the Omnipotent God of heaven to men, and to bear witness that after penitence is closed there will be no hope subsequently.
3. “Seven thunders uttered their voices.”] The seven thunders uttering their voices signify, the Holy Spirit of sevenfold power, who through the prophets announced all things to come, and by His voice John gave his testimony in the world; but because he says that he was about to write the things which the thunders had uttered, that is, whatever things had been obscure in the announcements of the Old Testament; he is forbidden to write them, but he was charged to leave them sealed, because he is an apostle, nor was it fitting that the grace of the subsequent stage should be given in the first. “The time,” says he, “is at hand.”(1) For the apostles, by powers, by signs, by portents, and by mighty works, have overcome unbelief. After them there is now given to the same completed Churches the comfort of having the prophetic Scriptures subsequently interpreted, for I said that after the apostles there would be interpreting prophets.
For the apostle says: “And he placed in the Church indeed, first, apostles; secondly, prophets; thirdly, teachers,”(2) and the rest. And in another place he says: “Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the others judge.”(3) And he says: “Every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered, dishonoureth her head”(4) And when he says, “Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the others judge,” he is not speaking in respect of the Catholic prophecy of things unheard and unknown, but of things both announced and known. But let them judge whether or not the interpretation is consistent with the testimonies of the prophetic utterance.(5) It is plain, therefore, that to John, armed as he was with superior virtue, this was not necessary, although the body of Christ, which is the Church, adorned with His members, ought to respond to its position.
10. “I took the book from the hand of the angel, and ate it up.”] To take the book and eat it up, is, when exhibition of a thing is made to one, to commit it to memory.
“And it was in my mouth as sweet as honey.”] To be sweet in the mouth is the reward of the preaching of the speaker, and is most pleasant to the hearers; but it is most bitter both to those that announce it, and to those that persevere in its commandments through suffering.
11. “And He says unto me, Thou must again prophesy to the peoples, and to the tongues, and to the nations, and to many kings.”] He says this, because when John said these things he was in the island of Patmos, condemned to the labour of the mines by Caesar Domitian. There, therefore, he saw the Apocalypse; and when grown old, he thought that he should at length receive his quittance by suffering, Domitian being killed, all his judgments were discharged. And John being dismissed from the mines, thus subsequently delivered the same Apocalypse which he had received from God. This, therefore, is what He says: Thou must again prophesy to all nations, because thou seest the crowds of Antichrist rise up; and against them other crowds shall stand, and they shall fall by the sword on the one side and on the other.

Revelation 11

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE ELEVENTH CHAPTER.

1. “And there was shown unto me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.”] A reed was shown like to a rod. This itself is the Apocalypse which he subsequently exhibited to the churches; for the Gospel of the complete faith he subsequently wrote for the sake of our salvation. For when Valentinus, and Cerinthus, and Ebion, and others of the school of Satan, were scattered abroad throughout the world, there assembled together to him from the neighbouring provinces all the bishops, and compelled him himself also to draw up his testimony. Moreover, we say that the measure of God’s temple is the command of God to confess the Father Almighty, and that His Son Christ was begotten by the Father before the beginning of the world, and was made man in very soul and flesh, both of them having overcome misery and death; and that, when received with His body into heaven by the Father, He shed forth the Holy Spirit, the gift and pledge of immortality, that He was announced by the prophets, He was described by the law, He was God’s hand, and the Word of the Father from God, Lord over all, and founder of the world: this is the reed and the measure of faith; and no one worships the holy altar save he who confesses this faith.
2. “The court which is within the temple leave out.”] The space which is called the court is the empty altar within the walls: these being such as were not necessary, he commanded to be ejected from the Church.
“It is given to be trodden down by the Gentiles.”] That is, to the men of this world, that it may be trodden under foot by the nations, or with the nations. Then he repeats about the destruction and slaughter of the last time, and says:–
3. “They shall tread the holy city down for forty and two months; and I will give to my two witnesses, and they shall predict a thousand two hundred and threescore days clothed in sackcloth.”] That is, three years and six months: these make forty-two months. Therefore their preaching is three years and six months, and the kingdom of Antichrist as much again.
5. “If any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies.”] That fire proceedeth out of the mouth of those prophets against the adversaries, bespeaks the power of the world. For all afflictions, however many there are, shall be sent by their messengers in their word. Many think that there is Elisha, or Moses, with Elijah; but both of these died; while the death of Elijah is not heard of, with whom all our ancients have believed that it was Jeremiah. For even the very word spoken to him testifies to him, saying, “Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.”(1) But he was not a prophet unto the nations; and thus the truthful word of God makes it necessary, which it has promised to set forth, that he should be a prophet to the nations.
4. “These are the two candlesticks standing before the Lord of the earth.”] These two candlesticks and two olive trees He has to this end spoken of, and admonished you that if, when you have read of them elsewhere, you have not understood, you may understand here. For in Zechariah, one of the twelve prophets, it is thus written: “These are the two olive trees and two candlesticks which stand in the presence of the Lord of the earth;”(2) that is, they are in paradise. Also, in another sense, standing in the presence of the lord of the earth, that is, in the presence of Antichrist. Therefore they must be slain by Antichrist.
7. “And the beast which ascendeth from the abyss.”] After many plagues completed in the world, in the end he says that a beast ascended from the abyss. Bat that he shall ascend from the abyss is proved by many testimonies; for he says in the thirty-first chapter of Ezekiel: “Behold, Assur was a cypress in Mount Lebanon.” Assur, deeply rooted, was a lofty and branching cypress–that is, a numerous people–in Mount Lebanon, in the kingdom of kingdoms, that is, of the Romans. Moreover, that he says he was beautiful in offshoots, he says he was strong in armies. The water, he says, shall nourish him, that is, the many thousands of men which were subjected to him; and the abyss increased him, that is, belched him forth. For even Isaiah speaks almost in the same words; moreover, that he was in the kingdom of the Romans, and that he was among the Caesars. The Apostle Paul also bears witness, for he says to the Thessalonians: “Let him who now restraineth restrain, until he be taken out of the way; and then shall appear that Wicked One, even he whose coining is after the working of Satan, with signs and lying wonders.”(3) And that they might know that he should come who then was the prince, he added: “He already endeavours after the secret of mischief”(4)–that is, the mischief which he is about to do he strives to do secretly; but he is not raised up by his own power, nor by that of his father, but by command of God, of which thing Paul says in the same passage: “For this cause, because they have not received the love of God, He will send upon them a spirit of error, that they all may be persuaded of a lie, who have not been persuaded of the truth.”(5) And Isaiah saith: “While they waited for the light, darkness arose upon them.”(6) Therefore the Apocalypse sets forth that these prophets are killed by the same, and on the fourth day rise again, that none might be found equal to God.
8. “And their dead bodies shall lie in the streets of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt.”] But He calls Jerusalem Sodom and Egypt, since it had become the heaping up of the persecuting people. Therefore it behoves us diligently, and with the utmost care, to follow the prophetic announcement, and to understand what the Spirit from the Father both announces and anticipates, and how, when He has gone forward to the last times, He again repeats the former ones. And now, what He will do once for all, He sometimes sets forth as if it were done; and unless you understand this, as sometimes done, and sometimes as about to be done, you will fall into a great confusion. Therefore the interpretation of the following sayings has shown therein, that not the order of the reading, but the order of the discourse, must be understood.
19. “And the temple of God was opened which is in heaven.”] The temple opened is a manifestation of our Lord. For the temple of God is the Son, as He Himself says: “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” And when the Jews said, “Forty and six years was this temple in building,” the evangelist says, “He spake of the temple of His body.”
“And there was seen in His temple the ark of the Lord’s testament.”] The preaching of the Gospel and the forgiveness of sins, and all the gifts whatever that came with Him, he says, appeared therein.

Revelation 12

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE TWELFTH CHAPTER.

1. “And there was seen a great sign in heaven. A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. And being with child, she cried out travailing, and bearing torments that she might bring forth.”] The woman clothed with the sun, and having the moon under her feet, and wearing a crown of twelve stars upon her head, and travailing in her pains, is the ancient Church of fathers, and prophets, and saints, and apostles,(2) which had the groans and torments of its longing until it saw that Christ, the fruit of its people according to the flesh long promised to it, had taken flesh out of the selfsame people. Moreover, being clothed with the sun intimates the hope of resurrection and the glory of the promise. And the moon intimates the fall of the bodies of the saints under the obligation of death, which never can fail. For even as life is diminished, so also it is increased. Nor is the hope of those that sleep extinguished absolutely, as some think, but they have in their darkness a light such as the moon. And the crown of twelve stars signifies the choir of fathers, according to the fleshly birth, of whom Christ was to take flesh.
3. “And there appeared another sign in heaven; and behold a red dragon, having seven heads.”] Now, that he says that this dragon was of a red colour–that is, of a purple colour–the result of his work gave him such a colour. For from the beginning (as the Lord says) he was a murderer; and he has oppressed the whole of the human race, not so much by the obligation of death, as, moreover, by the various forms of destruction and fatal mischiefs. His seven heads were the seven kings of the Romans, of whom also is Antichrist, as we have said above.
“And ten horns.”] He says that the ten kings in the latest times are the same as these, as we shall more fully set forth there.
4. “And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and cast them upon the earth.”] Now, that he says that the dragon’s tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, this may be taken in two ways. For many think that he may be able to seduce the third part of the men who believe.(3) But it should more truly be understood, that of the angels that were subject to him, since he was still a prince when he descended from his estate, he seduced the third part; therefore what we said above, the Apocalypse says.
“And the dragon stood before the woman who was beginning to bring forth, that, when she had brought forth, he might devour her child.”] The red dragon standing and desiring to devour her child when she had brought him forth, is the devil,–to wit, the traitor angel, who thought that the perishing of all men would be alike by death; but He, who was not born of seed, owed nothing to death: wherefore he could not devour Him–that is, detain Him in death–for on the third day He rose again. Finally, also, and before He suffered, he approached to tempt Him as man; but when he found that He was not what he thought Him to be, he departed from Him, even till the time. Whence it is here said:–
5. “And she brought forth a son, who begins to rule all nations with a rod of iron.”] The rod of iron is the sword of persecution.
“I saw that all men withdrew from his abodes.”] That is, the good will be removed, flying from persecution.(4)
“And her son was caught up to God, and to His throne.”] We read also in the Acts of the Apostles that He was caught up to God’s throne, just as speaking with the disciples He was caught up to heaven.
6. “But the woman fled into the wilderness, and there were given to her two great eagle’s wings.”] The aid of the great eagle’s wings–to wit, the gift of prophets–was given to that Catholic Church, whence in the last times a hundred and forty-four thousands of men should believe on the preaching of Elias; but, moreover, he here says that the rest of the people should be found alive on the coming of the Lord. And the Lord says in the Gospel: “Then let them which are in Judea flee to the mountains;”(1) that is, as many as should be gathered together in Judea, let them go to that place which they have ready, and let them be supported there for three years and six months from the presence of the devil.
14. “Two great wings”] are the two prophets–Elias, and the prophet who shall be with him.
15. “And the serpent cast out of his mouth after the woman water as a flood, that he might carry her away with the flood.”] He signifies by the water which the serpent cast out of his mouth, the people who at his command would persecute her.
16. “And the earth helped the woman, and opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.”] That the earth opened her month and swallowed up the waters, sets forth the vengeance for the present troubles. Although, therefore, it may signify this woman bringing forth, it shows her afterwards flying when her offspring is brought forth, because both things did not happen at one time; for we know that Christ was born, but that the time should arrive that she should flee from the face of the serpent: (we do not know) that this has happened as yet. Then he says:–
7-9. “There was a battle in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon warred, and his angels, and they prevailed not; nor was their place found any more in heaven. And that great dragon was cast forth, that old serpent: he was cast forth into the earth.”] This is the beginning of Antichrist yet previously Elias must prophesy, and there must be times of peace. And afterwards, when the three years and six months are completed in the preaching of Elias, he also must be cast down from heaven, where up till that time he had had the power of ascending; and all the apostate angels, as well as Antichrist, must be roused up from hell. Paul the apostle says: “Except there come a falling away first, and the man of sin shall appear, the son of perdition; and the adversary who exalted himself above all which is called God, or which is worshipped.”(2)

Revelation 13

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE THIRTEENTH CHAPTER.(3)

1. “And I saw a beast rising up from the sea, like unto a leopard.”] This signifies the kingdom of that time of Antichrist, and the people mingled with the variety of nations.
2. “His feet were as the feet of a bear.”] A strong and most unclean beast, the feet are to be understood as his leaders.
“And his mouth as the mouth of a lion.”] That is, his mouth armed for blood is his bidding, and a tongue which will proceed to nothing else than to the shedding of blood.

* * * * * * * *

18. “His number is the name of a man, and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.”] As they have it reckoned from the Greek characters, they thus find it among many to be <greek>teitan</greek>, for <greek>teitan</greek> has this number, which the Gentiles call Sol and Phoebus; and it is reckoned in Greek thus: <greek>t</greek> three hundred, <greek>e</greek> five, <greek>i</greek> ten, <greek>t</greek> three hundred, <greek>a</greek> one, <greek>t</greek> fifty,–which taken together become six hundred and sixty-six. For as far as belongs to the Greek letters, they fill up this number and name; which name if you wish to turn into Latin, it is understood by the antiphrase DICLUX, which letters are reckoned in this manner: since D figures five hundred, I one, C a hundred, L fifty, V five, X ten,–which by the reckoning up of the letters makes similarly six hundred and sixty-six, that is, what in Greek gives <greek>teitan</greek>, to wit, what in Latin is called DICLUX; by which name, expressed by anti-phrases, we understand Antichrist, who, although he be cut off from the supernal light, and deprived thereof, yet transforms himself into an angel of light, daring to call himself light.(4) Moreover, we find in a certain Greek codex <greek>antemos</greek>, which letters being reckoned up, you will find to give the number as above: <greek>a</greek> one, <greek>n</greek> fifty, <greek>t</greek> three hundred, <greek>e</greek> five, <greek>m</greek> forty, <greek>o</greek> seventy, <greek>s</greek> two hundred,–which together makes six hundred and sixty-six, according to the Greeks. Moreover, there is another name in Gothic of him, which will be evident of itself, that is, <greek>genshrikos</greek>, which in the same way you will reckon in Greek letters: <greek>g</greek> three, <greek>e</greek> five, <greek>n</greek> fifty, <greek>s</greek> two hundred, <greek>h</greek> eight, <greek>r</greek> a hundred, <greek>i</greek> ten, <greek>k</greek> twenty, seventy, <greek>s</greek> also two hundred, which, as has been said above, make six hundred and sixty-six.
11. “And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth.”] He is speaking of the great and false prophet who is to do signs, and portents, and falsehoods before him in the presence of men.
“And he had two horns like a lamb–that is, the appearance within of a man–and he spoke like a dragon.”] But the devil speaks full of malice; for he shall do these things in the presence of men, so that even the dead appear to rise again.
13. “And he shall make fire come down from heaven in the sight of men.”] Yes (as I also have said), in the sight of men. Magicians do these things, by the aid of the apostate angels, even to this day. He shall cause also that a golden image of Antichrist shall be placed in the temple at Jerusalem, and that the apostate angel should enter, and thence utter voices and oracles. Moreover, he himself shall contrive that his servants and children should receive as a mark on their foreheads, or on their right hands, the number of his name, lest any one should buy or sell them. Daniel had previously predicted his contempt and provocation of God. “And he shall place,” says he, “his temple within Samaria, upon the illustrious and holy mountain that is at Jerusalem, an image such as Nebuchadnezzar had made.”(1) Thence here he places, and by and by here he renews, that of which the Lord, admonishing His churches concerning the last times and their dangers, says: “But when ye shall see the contempt which is spoken of by Daniel the prophet standing in the holy place, let him who readeth understand.”(2) It is called a contempt when God is provoked, because idols are worshipped instead of God, or when the dogma of heretics is introduced in the churches. But it is a turning away because stedfast men, seduced by false signs and portents, are turned away from their salvation.

Revelation 14

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE FOURTEENTH CHAPTER.

6. “And I saw an angel flying through the midst of heaven.”] The angel flying through the midst of heaven, whom he says that he saw, we have already treated of above, as being the same Elias who anticipates the kingdom of Anti-christ in his prophecy.
8. “And another angel following him.”] The other angel following, he speaks of as the same prophet who is the associate of his prophesying. But that he says,–
15. “Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather in the grapes of the vine,”] he signifies it of the nations that should perish on the advent of the Lord. And indeed in many forms he shows this same thing, as if to the dry harvest, and the seed for the coming of the Lord, and the consummation of the world, and the kingdom of Christ, and the future appearance of the kingdom of the blessed.
19, 20. “And the angel thrust in the sickle, and reaped the vine of the earth, and cast it into the wine-press of the wrath of God. And the wine-press of His fury was trodden down without the city.”] In that he says that it was cast into the wine-press of the wrath of God, and trodden down without the city, the treading of the wine-press is the retribution on the sinner.
“And blood went out from the wine-press, even unto the horse-bridles.”] The vengeance of shed blood as was before predicted, “In blood thou hast sinned, and blood shall follow thee.”(3)
“For a thousand and six hundred furlongs.”] That is, through all the four parts of the world: for there is a quadrate put together by fours, as in four faces and four appearances, and wheels by fours; for forty times four is one thousand six hundred. Repeating the same persecution, the Apocalypse says:–

Revelation 15

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE FIFTEENTH CHAPTER.

1. “And I saw another great and wonderful sign, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is completed the indignation of God.”] For the wrath of God always strikes the obstinate people with seven plagues, that is, perfectly, as it is said in Leviticus; and these shall be in the last time, when the Church shall have gone out of the midst.
2. “Standing upon the sea of glass, having harps.”] That is, that they stood stedfastly in the faith upon their baptism, and having their confession in their mouth, that they shall exult in the kingdom before God. But let us return to what is set before us.

Revelation 16

IRENAEUS AGAINST HERESIES — BOOK V (Chap. XIX to Chap. XXXVI)

CHAP. XXV.–THE FRAUD, PRIDE, AND TYRANNICAL KINGDOM OF ANTICHRIST, AS DESCRIBED BY DANIEL AND PAUL.

1. And not only by the particulars already mentioned, but also by means of the events which shall occur in the time of Antichrist is it shown that he, being an apostate and a robber, is anxious to be adored as God; and that, although a mere slave, he wishes himself to be proclaimed as a king. For he (Antichrist) being endued with all the power of the devil, shall come, not as a righteous king, nor as a legitimate king, [i.e., one] in subjection to God, but an impious, unjust, and lawless one; as an apostate, iniquitous and murderous; as a robber, concentrating in himself [all] satanic apostasy, and setting aside idols to persuade [men] that he himself is God, raising up himself as the only idol, having in himself the multifarious errors of the other idols. This he does, in order that they who do [now] worship the devil by means of many abominations, may serve himself by this one idol, of whom the apostle thus speaks in the second Epistle to the Thessalonians: “Unless there shall come a failing away first, and the man of sin shall be revealed, the son of perdition, who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself as if he were God.” The apostle therefore clearly points out his apostasy, and that he is lifted up above all that is called God, or that is worshipped–that is, above every idol–for these are indeed so called by men, but are not [really] gods; and that he will endeavour in a tyrannical manner to set himself forth as God.
2. Moreover, he (the apostle) has also pointed out this which I have shown in many ways, that the temple in Jerusalem was made by the direction of the true God. For the apostle himself, speaking in his own person, distinctly called it the temple of God. Now I have shown in the third book, that no one is termed God by the apostles when speaking for themselves, except Him who truly is God, the Father of our Lord, by whose directions the temple which is at Jerusalem was constructed for those purposes which I have already mentioned; in which [temple] the enemy shall sit, endeavouring to show himself as Christ, as the Lord also declares: “But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, which has been spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let him that readeth understand), then let those who are in Judea flee into the mountains; and he who is upon the house-top, let him not come down to take anything out of his house: for there shall then be great hardship, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall be.”(3)
3. Daniel too, looking forward to the end of the last kingdom, i.e., the ten last kings, amongst whom the kingdom of those men shall be partitioned, and upon whom the son of perdition shall come, declares that ten horns shall spring from the beast, and that another little horn shall arise in the midst of them, and that three of the former shall be rooted up before his face. He says: “And, behold, eyes were in this horn as the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things, and his look was more stout than his fellows. I was looking, and this horn made war against the saints, and prevailed against them, until the Ancient of days came and gave judgment to the saints of the most high God, and the time came, and the saints obtained the kingdom.”(4) Then, further on, in the interpretation of the vision, there was said to him: “The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall excel all other kingdoms, and devour the whole earth, and tread it down, and cut it in pieces. And its ten horns are ten kings which shall arise; and after them shall arise another, who shall surpass in evil deeds all that were before him, and shall overthrow three kings; and he shall speak words against the most high God, and wear out the saints of the most high God, and shall purpose to change times and laws; and [everything] shall be given into his hand until a time of times and a half time,”(1) that is, for three years and six months, during which time, when he comes, he shall reign over the earth. Of whom also the Apostle Paul again, speaking in the second [Epistle] to the Thessalonians, and at the same time proclaiming the cause of his advent, thus says: “And then shall the wicked one be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus shall slay with the spirit of His mouth, and destroy by the presence of His coming; whose coming [i.e., the wicked one’s] is after the working of Satan, in all power, and signs, and portents of lies, and with all deceivableness of wickedness for those who perish; because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And therefore God will send them the working of error, that they may believe a lie; that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but gave consent to iniquity,”(2)
4. The Lord also spoke as follows to those who did not believe in Him: “I have come in my Father’s name, and ye have not received Me: when another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive,”(3) calling Antichrist “the other,” because he is alienated from the Lord. This is also the unjust judge, whom the Lord mentioned as one “who feared not God, neither regarded man,”(4) to whom the widow fled in her forgetfulness of God,–that is, the earthly Jerusalem,–to be avenged of her adversary. Which also he shall do in the time of his kingdom: he shall remove his kingdom into that [city], and shall sit in the temple of God, leading astray those who worship him, as if he were Christ. To this purpose Daniel says again: “And he shall desolate the holy place; and sin has been given for a sacrifice,(5) and righteousness been cast away in the earth, and he has been active (fecit), and gone on prosperously.”(6) And the angel Gabriel, when explaining his vision, states with regard to this person: “And towards the end of their kingdom a king of a most fierce countenance shall arise, one understanding [dark] questions, and exceedingly powerful, full of wonders; and he shall corrupt, direct, influence (faciet), and put strong men down, the holy people likewise; and his yoke shall be directed as a wreath [round their neck]; deceit shall be in his hand, and he shall be lifted up in his heart: he shall also ruin many by deceit, and lead many to perdition, bruising them in his hand like eggs.”(7) And then he points out the time that his tyranny shall last, during which the saints shall be put to flight, they who offer a pure sacrifice unto God: “And in the midst of the week,” he says, “the sacrifice and the libation shall be taken away, and the abomination of desolation [shall be brought] into the temple: even unto the consummation of the time shall the desolation be complete.”(8) Now three years and six months constitute the half-week.
5. From all these passages are revealed to us, not merely the particulars of the apostasy, and [the doings] of him who concentrates in himself every satanic error, but also, that there is one and the same God the Father, who was declared by the prophets, but made manifest by Christ. For if what Daniel prophesied concerning the end has been confirmed by the Lord, when He said, “When ye shall see the abomination of desolation, which has been spoken of by Daniel the prophet”(9) (and the angel Gabriel gave the interpretation of the visions to Daniel, and he is the archangel of the Creator (Demiurgi), who also proclaimed to Mary the visible coining and the incarnation of Christ), then one and the same God is most manifestly pointed out, who sent the prophets, and made promise(10) of the Son, and called us into His knowledge.

CHAP. XXVI.–JOHN AND DANIEL HAVE PREDICTED THE DISSOLUTION AND DESOLATION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE, WHICH SHALL PRECEDE THE END OF THE WORLD AND THE ETERNAL KINGDOM OF CHRIST. THE GNOSTICS ARE REFUTED, THOSE TOOLS OF SATAN, WHO INVENT ANOTHER FATHER DIFFERENT FROM THE CREATOR.

1. In a still clearer light has John, in the Apocalypse, indicated to the Lord’s disciples what shall happen in the last times, and concerning the ten kings who shall then arise, among whom the empire which now rules [the earth] shall be partitioned. He teaches us what the ten horns shall be which were seen by Daniel, telling us that thus it had been said to him: “And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, who have received no kingdom as yet, but shall receive power as if kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and give their strength and power to the beast. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them, because He is the Lord of lords and the King of kings.”(11) It is manifest, therefore, that of these [potentates], he who is to come shall slay three, and subject the remainder to his power, and that he shall be himself the eighth among them. And they shall lay Babylon waste, and burn her with fire, and shall give their kingdom to the beast, and put the Church to flight. After that they shall be destroyed by the coming of our Lord. For that the kingdom must be divided, and thus come to ruin, the Lord [declares when He] says: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand.”(1) It must be, therefore, that the kingdom, the city, and the house be divided into ten; and for this reason He has already foreshadowed the partition and division [which shall take place]. Daniel also says particularly, that the end of the fourth kingdom consists in the toes of the image seen by Nebuchadnezzar, upon which came the stone cut out without hands; and as he does himself say: “The feet were indeed the one part iron, the other part clay, until the stone was cut out without hands, and struck the image upon the iron and clay feet, and dashed them into pieces, even to the end.”(2) Then afterwards, when interpreting this, he says: “And as thou sawest the feet and the toes, partly indeed of clay, and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided, and there shall be in it a root of iron, as thou sawest iron mixed with baked clay. And the toes were indeed the one part iron, but the other part clay.”(3) The ten toes, therefore, are these ten kings, among whom the kingdom shall be partitioned, of whom some indeed shall be strong and active, or energetic; others, again, shall be sluggish and useless, and shall not agree; as also Daniel says: “Some part of the kingdom shall be strong, and part shall be broken from it. As thou sawest the iron mixed with the baked clay, there shall be minglings among the human race, but no cohesion one with the other, just as iron cannot be welded on to pottery ware.”(4) And since an end shall take place, he says: “And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven raise up a kingdom which shall never decay, and His kingdom shall not be left to another people. It shall break in pieces and shatter all kingdoms, and shall itself be exalted for ever. As thou sawest that the stone was cut without hands from the mountain, and brake in pieces the baked clay, the iron, the brass, the silver, and the gold, God has pointed out to the king what shall come to pass after these things; and the dream is true, and the interpretation trustworthy.”(5)
2. If therefore the great God showed future things by Daniel, and confirmed them by His Son; and if Christ is the stone which is cut out without hands, who shall destroy temporal kingdoms, and introduce an eternal one, which is the resurrection of the just; as he declares, “The God of heaven shall raise up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed,”–let those thus confuted come to their senses, who reject the Creator (Demiurgum), and do not agree that the prophets were sent beforehand from the same Father from whom also the Lord came, but who assert that prophecies originated from diverse powers. For those things which have been predicted by the Creator alike through all the prophets has Christ fulfilled in the end, ministering to His Father’s will, and completing His dispensations with regard to the human race. Let those persons, therefore, who blaspheme the Creator, either by openly expressed words, such as the disciples of Marcion, or by a perversion of the sense [of Scripture], as those of Valentinus and all the Gnostics falsely so called, be recognised as agents of Satan by all those who worship God; through whose agency Satan now, and not before, has been seen to speak against God, even Him who has prepared eternal fire for every kind of apostasy. For he did not venture to blaspheme his Lord openly of himself; as also in the beginning he led man astray through the instrumentality of the serpent, concealing himself as it were from God. Truly has Justin remarked:(6) That before the Lord’s appearance Satan never dared to blaspheme God, inasmuch as he did not yet know his own sentence, because it was contained in parables and allegories; but that after the Lord’s appearance, when he had clearly ascertained from the words of Christ and His apostles that eternal fire has been prepared for him as he apostatized from God of his own free-will, and likewise for all who unrepentant continue in the apostasy, he now blasphemes, by means of such men, the Lord who brings judgment [upon him] as being already condemned, and imputes the guilt of his apostasy to his Maker, not to his own voluntary disposition. Just as it is with those who break the laws, when punishment overtakes them: they throw the blame upon those who frame the laws, but not upon themselves. In like manner do those men, filled with a satanic spirit, bring innumerable accusations against our Creator, who has both given to us the spirit of life, and established a law adapted for all; and they will not admit that the judgment of God is just. Wherefore also they set about imagining some other Father who neither cares about nor exercises a providence over our affairs, nay, one who even approves of all sins.

CHAP. XXVIII.–THE DISTINCTION TO BE MADE BETWEEN THE RIGHTEOUS AND THE WICKED. THE FUTURE APOSTASY IN THE TIME OF ANTI-CHRIST, AND THE END OF THE WORLD.

1. Inasmuch, then, as in this world (<greek>aiwni</greek>) some persons betake themselves to the light, and by faith unite themselves with God, but others shun the light, and separate themselves from God, the Word of God comes preparing a fit habitation for both. For those indeed who are in the light, that they may derive enjoyment from it, and from the good things contained in it; but for those in darkness, that they may partake in its calamities. And on this account He says, that those upon the right hand are called into the kingdom of heaven, but that those on the left He will send into eternal fire for they have deprived themselves of all good.
2. And for this reason the apostle says: “Because they received not the love of God, that they might be saved, therefore God shall also send them the operation of error, that they may believe a lie, that they all may be judged who have not believed the truth, but consented to unrighteousness.”(1) For when he (Antichrist) is come, and of his own accord concentrates in his own person the apostasy, and accomplishes whatever he shall do according to his own will and choice, sitting also in the temple of God, so that his dupes may adore him as the Christ; wherefore also shall he deservedly “be cast into the lake of fire:”(2) [this will happen according to divine appointment], God by His prescience foreseeing all this, and at the proper time sending such a man, “that they may believe a lie, that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but consented to unrighteousness;” whose coming John has thus described in the Apocalypse: “And the beast which I had seen was like unto a leopard, and his feet as of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion; and the dragon conferred his own power upon him, and his throne, and great might. And one of his heads was as it were slain unto death; and his deadly wound was healed, and all the world wondered after the beast. And they worshipped the dragon because he gave power to the beast; and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto this beast, and who is able to make war with him? And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things, and blasphemy and power was given to him during forty and two months. And he opened his mouth for blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. And power was given him over every tribe, and people, and tongue, and nation. And all who dwell upon the earth worshipped him, [every one] whose name was not written in the book of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. If any one have ears, let him hear. If any one shall lead into captivity, he shall go into captivity. If any shall slay with the sword, he must be slain with the sword. Here is the endurance and the faith of the saints.”(3) After this he likewise describes his armour-bearer, whom he also terms a false prophet: “He spake as a dragon, and exercised all the power of the first beast in his sight, and caused the earth, and those that dwell therein, to adore the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. And he shall perform great wonders, so that he can even cause fire to descend from heaven upon the earth in the sight of men, and he shall lead the inhabitants of the earth astray.”(4) Let no one imagine that he performs these wonders by divine power, but by the working of magic. And we must not be surprised if, since the demons and apostate spirits are at his service, he through their means performs wonders, by which he leads the inhabitants of the earth astray. John says further: “And he shall order an image of the beast to be made, and he shall give breath to the image, so that the image shall speak; and he shall cause those to be slain who will not adore it.” He says also: “And he will cause a mark [to be put] in the forehead and in the fight hand, that no one may be able to buy or sell, unless he who has the mark of the name of the beast or the number of his name; and the number is six hundred and sixty-six,”(5) that is, six times a hundred, six times ten, and six units. [He gives this] as a summing up of the whole of that apostasy which has taken place during six thousand years. SEE NOTE A) DIRECTLY BELOW
3. For in as many days as this world was made, in so many thousand years shall it be concluded. And for this reason the Scripture says: “Thus the heaven and the earth were finished, and all their adornment. And God brought to a conclusion upon the sixth day the works that He had made; and God rested upon the seventh day from all His works.”(6) This is an account of the things formerly created, as also it is a prophecy of what is to come. For the day of the Lord is as a thousand years;(7) and in six days created things were completed: it is evident, therefore, that they will come to an end at the sixth thousand year.
4. And therefore throughout all time, man, having been moulded at the beginning by the hands of God, that is, of the Son and of the Spirit, is made after the image and likeness of God: the chaff, indeed, which is the apostasy, being cast away; but the wheat, that is, those who bring forth fruit to God in faith, being gathered into the barn. And for this cause tribulation is necessary for those who are saved, that having been after a manner broken up, and rendered fine, and sprinkled over by the patience of the Word of God, and set on fire [for purification], they may be fitted for the royal banquet. As a certain man of ours said, when he was condemned to the wild beasts because of his testimony with respect to God: “I am the wheat of Christ, and am ground by the teeth of the wild beasts, that I may be found the pure bread of God.”(8)

NOTE A) Irenaeus is not giving a precise length of time, elsewhere, he quotes Our Lord emphatically that we can’t set dates. Therefore the time is however long it works out to be. Irenaeus’ usage of “thousand” is as in the following:

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE TWENTIETH CHAPTER.

Those years wherein Satan is bound are in the first advent of Christ, even to the end of the age; and they are called a thousand, according to that mode of speaking, wherein a part is signified by the whole, just as is that passage, “the word which He commanded for a thousand generations,”(2) although they are not a thousand.

Revelation 17

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE SEVENTEENTH CHAPTER.

1-6. “There came one of the seven angels, which have the seven bowls, and spake with me, saying, Come, I will show thee the judgment of that great whore who sitteth upon many waters. And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs.”] The decrees of that senate are always accomplished against all, contrary to the preaching of the true faith; and now already mercy being cast aside, itself here gave the decree among all nations.
3. “And I saw the woman herself sitting upon the scarlet-coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy.”] But to sit upon the scarlet beast, the author of murders, is the image of the devil. Where also is treated of his captivity, concerning which we have fully considered. I remember, indeed, that this is called Babylon also in the Apocalypse, on account of confusion; and in Isaiah also; and Ezekiel called it Sodom. In fine, if you compare what is said against Sodom, and what Isaiah says against Babylon, and what the Apocalypse says, you will find that they are all one.(4)
9. “The seven heads are the seven hills, on which the woman sitteth.”] That is, the city of Rome.
10. “And there are seven kings: five have fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he is come, he will be for a short time.”] The time must be understood in which the written Apocalypse was published, since then reigned Caesar Domitian; but before him had been Titus his brother, and Vespasian, Otho, Vitellius, and Galba. These are the five who have fallen. One remains, under whom the Apocalypse was written–Domitian, to wit. “The other has not yet come,” speaks of Nerva; “and when he is come, he will be for a short time,” for he did not complete the period of two years.
11. “And the beast which thou sawest is of the seven.”] Since before those kings Nero reigned.
“And he is the eighth.”] He says only when this beast shall come, reckon it the eighth place, since in that is the completion. He added:– “And shall go into perdition.”(3) For that ten kings received royal power when he shall move from the east, he says. He shall be sent from the city of Rome with his armies. And Daniel sets forth the ten horns and the ten diadems. And that these are eradicated from the former ones,–that is, that three of the principal leaders are killed by Antichrist: that the other seven give him honour and wisdom and power, of whom he says:–
16. “These shall hate the whore, to wit, the city, and shall burn her flesh with fire.”] Now that one of the heads was, as it were, slain to death, and that the stroke of his death was directed, he speaks of Nero. For it is plain that when the cavalry sent by the senate was pursuing him, he himself cut his throat. Him therefore, when raised up, God will send as a worthy king, but worthy in such a way as the Jews merited. And since he is to have another name, He shall also appoint another name, that so the Jews may receive him as if he were the Christ. Says Daniel: “He shall not know the lust of women, although before he was most impure, and he shall know no God of his fathers: for he will not be able to seduce the people of the circumcision, unless he is a judge of the law.”(1) Finally, also, he will recall the saints, not to the worship of idols, but to undertake circumcision, and, if he is able, to seduce any; for he shall so conduct himself as to be called Christ by them. But that he rises again from hell, we have said above in the word of Isaiah: “Water shall nourish him, and hell hath increased him;” who, however, must come with name unchanged, and doings unchanged, as says the Spirit.

Revelation 18

Rev. 18:4
Cyprian Treatise XII Three Books of Testimonies Against the Jews

34. That the believer ought not to live like the Gentile.
In Jeremiah: “Thus saith the Lord, Walk ye not according to the way of the Gentiles.”582 Of this same thing, that one ought to separate himself from the Gentiles, lest he should be a companion of their sin, and become a partaker of their penalty, in the Apocalypse: “And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Go forth from her, my people, lest thou be partaker of her crimes, and lest thou be stricken with her plagues; because her crimes have reached even to heaven, and the Lord God hath remembered her iniquities. Therefore He hath returned unto her double, and in the cup which she hath mixed double is mingled for her; and in how much she hath glorified herself and possessed of delights, in so much is given unto her both torment and grief. For in her heart she says, I am a queen, and cannot be a widow, nor shah I see sorrow. Therefore in one hour her plagues shall come on her, death, grief, and famine; and she shall be burned with fire, because the Lord God is strong who shall judge her. And the kings of the earth shall weep and lament themselves for her, who have committed fornication with her, and have been conversant in her sins.”583 Also in Isaiah: “Go forth from the midst of them, ye who bear the vessels of the Lord.”584
Father E. Sylvester Berry

The Most Important Catholic Teacher of Prophecy for Now

http://journals.aol.com/langosh5/Father_E_Sylvester_Berry/

Revelation 19

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE NINETEENTH CHAPTER.

11. “And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sate upon him was called Faithful and True.”] The horse, and He that sits upon him, sets forth our Lord coming to His kingdom with the heavenly army. Because from the sea of the north, which is the Arabian Sea, even to the sea of Phoenice, and even to the ends of the earth, they will command these greater parts in the coming of the Lord Jesus, and all the souls of the nations will be assembled to judgment.

Revelation 20

COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE TWENTIETH CHAPTER.

1-3. “And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the abyss, and a chain in his hand. And he held the dragon, that old serpent, which is called the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, and cast him into the abyss, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be finished: after this he must be loosed a little season.”] Those years wherein Satan is bound are in the first advent of Christ, even to the end of the age; and they are called a thousand, according to that mode of speaking, wherein a part is signified by the whole, just as is that passage, “the word which He commanded for a thousand generations,”(2) although they are not a thousand. Moreover that he says, “and he cast him into the abyss,” he says this, because the devil, excluded from the hearts of believers, began to take possession of the wicked, in whose hearts, blinded day by day, he is shut up as if in a profound abyss. And he shut him up, says he, and put a seal upon him, that he should not deceive the nations until the thousand years should be finished. “He shut the door upon him,” it is said, that is, he forbade and restrained his seducing those who belong to Christ. Moreover, he put a seal upon him, because it is hidden who belong to the side of the devil, and who to that of Christ. For we know not of those who seem to stand whether they shall not fall, and of those who are down it is uncertain whether they may rise. Moreover, that he says that he is bound and shut up, that he may not seduce the nations, the nations signify the Church, seeing that of them it itself is formed, and which being seduced, he previously held until, he says, the thousand years should be completed, that is, what is left of the sixth day, to wit, of the sixth age, which subsists for a thousand years; after this he must be loosed for a little season. The little season signifies three years and six months, in which with all his power the devil will avenge himself trader Anti-christ against the Church. Finally, he says, after that the devil shall be loosed, and will seduce the nations in the whole world, and will entice war against the Church, the number of whose foes shall be as the sand of the sea.(1)
4, 5. “And I saw thrones, and them that sate upon them, and judgment was given unto them; and I saw the souls of them that were slain on account of the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast nor his image, nor have received his writing on their forehead or in their hand; and they reigned with Christ for a thousand years: the rest of them lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.”] There are two resurrections. But the first resurrection is now of the souls that are by the faith, which does not permit men to pass over to the second death. Of this resurrection the apostle says: “If ye have risen with Christ, seek those things which are above.”(2)
6. “Blessed and holy is he who has part in this resurrection: on them the second death shall have no power, but they shall be priests of God and Christ, and they shall reign with Him a thousand years.”] I do not think the reign of a thousand years is eternal; or if it is thus to be thought of, they cease to reign when the thousand years are finished. But I will put forward what my capacity enables me to judge. The tenfold number signifies the decalogue, and the hundredfold sets forth the crown of virginity: for he who shall have kept the undertaking of virginity completely, and shall have faithfully fulfilled the precepts of the decalogue, and shall have destroyed the untrained nature or impure thoughts within the retirement of the heart, that they may not rule over him, this is the true priest of Christ, and accomplishing the millenary number thoroughly, is thought to reign with Christ; and truly in his case the devil is bound. But he who is entangled in the vices and the dogmas of heretics, in his case the devil is loosed. But that it says that when the thousand years are finished he is loosed, so the number of the perfect saints being completed, in whom there is the glory of virginity in body and mind, by the approaching advent of the kingdom of the hateful one, many, seduced by that love of earthly things, shall be overthrown, and together with him shall enter the lake of fire.
8-10. “And they went up upon the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city; and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them. And the devil who seduced them was cast into the take of fire and brimstone, where both the beast and the false prophet shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.”] This belongs to the last judgment. And after a little time the earth was made holy, as being at least that wherein lately had reposed the bodies of the virgins, when they shall enter upon an eternal kingdom with an immortal King, as they who are not only virgins in body, but, moreover, with equal inviolability have protected themselves, both in tongue and thought, from wickedness; and these, it shows, shall dwell in rejoicing for ever with the Lamb.

Revelation 21, 22
COMMENTARY ON THE APOCALYPSE OF THE BLESSED JOHN

FROM THE TWENTY-FIRST AND TWENTY-SECOND CHAPTERS.

16. “And the city is placed in a square.”] The city which he says is squared, he says also is resplendent with gold and precious stones, and has a sacred street, and a river through the midst of it, and the tree of life on either side, bearing twelve manner of fruits throughout the twelve months; and that the light of the sun is not there, because the Lamb is the light of it; and that its gates were of single pearls; and that there were three gates on each of the four sides, and that they could not be shut. I say, in respect of the square city, he shows forth the united multitude of the saints, in whom the faith could by no means waver. As Noah is commanded to make the ark of squared beams,(3) that it might resist the force of the deluge, by the precious stones he sets forth the holy men who cannot waver in persecution, who could not be moved either by the tempest of persecutors, or be dissolved from the true faith by the force of the rain, because they are associated of pure gold, of whom the city of the great King is adorned. Moreover, the streets set forth their hearts purified from all uncleanness, transparent with glowing light, that the Lord may justly walk up and down in them. The river of life sets forth that the grace of spiritual doctrine flowed through the minds of the faithful, and that manifold flourishing forms of odours germinated therein. The tree of life on either bank sets forth the Advent of Christ, according to the flesh, who satisfied the peoples wasted with famine, that received life from One by the wood of the Cross, with the announcement of God’s word. And in that he says that the sun is not necessary in the city, he shows, evidently, that the Creator as the immaculate light shines in the midst of it, whose brightness no mind has been able to conceive, nor tongue to tell.
In that he says there are three gates placed on each of the four sides, of single pearls, I think that these are the four virtues,(4) to wit, prudence, fortitude, justice, temperance, which are associated with one another. And, being involved together, they make the number twelve. But the twelve gates we believe to be the number of the apostles, who, shining in the four virtues as precious stones, manifesting the light of their doctrine among the saints, cause it to enter the celestial city, that by intercourse with them the choir of angels may be gladdened. And that the gates cannot be shut, it is evidently shown that the doctrine of the apostles can be separated from rectitude by no tempest of contradiction. Even though the floods of the nations and the vain superstitions of heretics should revolt against their true faith, they are overcome, and shall be dissolved as the foam, because Christ is the Rock(1) by which, and on which, the Church is founded.(2) And thus it is overcome by no traces of maddened men. Therefore they are not to be heard who assure themselves that there is to be an earthly reign of a thousand years; who think, that is to say, with the heretic Cerinthus.(3) For the kingdom of Christ is now eternal in the saints, although the glory of the saints shall be manifested after the resurrection.

Revelation 22:1

Tertullian An Answer to the Jews

Chapter XIII.-Argument from the Destruction of Jerusalem and Desolation of Judea.

279 just as we do, who, drawn out from the calamities of the heathendom280 in which we were tarrying perishing with thirst (that is, deprived of the divine word), drinking, “by the faith which is on Him,”281 the baptismal water of the “tree” of the passion of Christ, have revived,-a faith from which Israel has fallen away, (as foretold) through Jeremiah, who says, “Send, and ask exceedingly whether such things have been done, whether nations will change their gods (and these are not gods!). But My People hath changed their glory: whence no profit shall accrue to them: the heaven turned pale thereat” (and when did it turn pale? undoubtedly when Christ suffered), “and shuddered,” he says, “most exceedingly; “282 and “the sun grew dark at mid-day: “283 (and when did it “shudder exceedingly” except at the passion of Christ, when the earth also trembled to her centre, and the veil of the temple was rent, and the tombs were burst asunder?284 “because these two evils hath My People done; Me,” He says, “they have quite forsaken, the fount of water of life,285 and they have digged for themselves worn-out tanks, which will not be able to contain water.” Undoubtedly, by not receiving Christ, the “fount of water of life,” they have begun to have “worn-out tanks,” that is, synagogues for the use of the “dispersions of the Gentiles,”

Revelation 22:2

Shepherd of Hermas Vision Fourth

Concerning the Trial and Tribulation that are to Come Upon Men.

Chapter I.

Twenty days after the former vision I saw another vision, brethren1 -a representation of the tribulation2 that is to come.

But the sun now shone out a little, and, lo! I see a mighty beast like a whale, and out of its mouth fiery locusts6 proceeded. But the size of that beast was about a hundred feet, and it had a head like an urn.7 I began to weep, and to call on the Lord to rescue me from it. Then I remembered the word which I had heard, “Doubt not, O Hermas.” Clothed, therefore, my brethren, with faith in the Lord8

Acts and Martyrdom of St. Matthew the Apostle

and Andrew founded; and as soon as thou hast planted it, it shall be a tree, great and lofty and with many branches, and its branches shall extend to thirty cubits, and of each single branch the fruit shall be different both to the sight and the eating,[4]

Revelation 22:17

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book III

Since therefore we have such proofs, it is not necessary to seek the truth among others which it is easy to obtain from the Church; since the apostles, like a rich man [depositing his money] in a bank, lodged in her hands most copiously all things pertaining to the truth: so that every man, whosoever will, can draw from her the water of life.[11]

Revelation 22:19

Irenaeus Against Heresies Book V

Now, in the first place, it is loss to wander from the truth, and to imagine that as being the case which is not; then again, as there shall be no light punishment [inflicted] upon him who either adds or subtracts anything from the Scripture,[254]

Revelation 22:20

Didache

Maran atha.[100]

Chapter XVI.135 -Watchfulness; The Coming of the Lord.

1. Watch for your life’s sake.136 Let not your lamps be quenched, nor your loins unloosed;137 but be ye ready, for ye know not the hour in which our Lord cometh.138 2. But often shall ye come together, seeking the things which are befitting to your souls: for the whole time of your faith will not profit you,139 if ye be not made perfect in the last time. 3. For in the last days140 false prophets and corrupters shall be multiplied, and the sheep shall be turned into wolves, and love shall be turned into hate;141 4. for when lawlessness increaseth, they shall hate and persecute and betray one another,142 and then shall appear the world-deceiver143 as Son of God,144 and shall do signs and wonders,145 and the earth shall be delivered into his hands, and he shall do iniquitous things which have never yet come to pass since the beginning. 5. Then shall the creation of men come into the fire of trial,146 and many shall be made to stumble and shall perish; but they that endure in their faith shall be saved147 from under the curse itself.148 6. And then shall appear the signs of the truth;149 first, the sign of an out-spreading150 in heaven; then the sign of the sound of the trumpet; and the third, the resurrection of the dead; 7. yet not of all, but as it is said: The Lord shall come and all His saints with Him.151 8. Then shall the world see the Lord coming upon the clouds of heaven.152

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2 Comments »

  1. 1

    To all my remnant brothers and sisters in Christ, be you Catholic or Orthodox or Traditional Trinitarian Protestant or Muslim who worships the One Triune God – hold fast until Jesus Christ returns.

  2. […] we can relate to one another and most especially in Eucharistic Thanksgiving. God bless you by The Testimony of the Lord Jesus Christ all in Charity, Prayer and Humility in Christ Jesus – Steve in Vista […]


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